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Structural Refinement of Titanium-Aluminum-Niobium Alloy for Biomedical Applications

Joaquín E. González-Hernández1, Jorge M. Cubero-Sesin1,2*, Elena Ulate-Kolitsky1, Priscilla Navarro1, Stephen Petretti1, Zenji Horita3,4

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago 159-7050, Costa Rica
Institutional Microscopy Laboratory, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago 159-7050, Costa Rica
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
WPI, International Institute of Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (WPI-I2CNER), Kyushu University, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(3-4), 300-306. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634120

Abstract

In this work, a modification of the microstructure of a commercial Ti-6Al-7Nb alloy was accomplished by high-pressure torsion (HPT) at room temperature, to produce a bulk nanostructure on discs of 10 mm diameter and ~0.8 mm thickness. The metallographic analyses of the discs were performed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results confirmed the presence of aluminum (Al) and niobium (Nb) as the sole alloying elements, promoting a duplex (α + β) titanium (Ti) microstructure prior to HPT processing. After HPT processing, nanostructure refinement was attained, reflected in the X-ray diffraction profiles as broadening of the α-Ti and β-Ti peaks and the appearance of the ω-Ti phase. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed a grain size < 100 nm after HPT processing for N = 5 revolutions. Microhardness increased significantly with straining by HPT, which can be attributed both to the grain refinement and the formation of the ω-Ti phase.

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APA Style
González-Hernández, J.E., Cubero-Sesin, J.M., Ulate-Kolitsky, E., Navarro, P., Petretti, S. et al. (2017). Structural refinement of titanium-aluminum-niobium alloy for biomedical applications. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(3-4), 300-306. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634120
Vancouver Style
González-Hernández JE, Cubero-Sesin JM, Ulate-Kolitsky E, Navarro P, Petretti S, Horita Z. Structural refinement of titanium-aluminum-niobium alloy for biomedical applications. J Renew Mater. 2017;5(3-4):300-306 https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634120
IEEE Style
J.E. González-Hernández, J.M. Cubero-Sesin, E. Ulate-Kolitsky, P. Navarro, S. Petretti, and Z. Horita "Structural Refinement of Titanium-Aluminum-Niobium Alloy for Biomedical Applications," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 5, no. 3-4, pp. 300-306. 2017. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634120



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