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Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants

Arun Kumar Pradhan1,2*, Prafulla Kumar Sahoo1, Pradeep Kumar Rana2

Department of Chemistry, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar 751 004, India
Plastics and Polymer Engineering Department, Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Aurangabad, Maharashtra 431005, India

*Corresponding author: email

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(5), 371-379. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634129

Abstract

Chitosan grafted with poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) and adsorbed with kaolin functionalized as bioadhesive was prepared via emulsion polymerization technique and physiochemically characterized as a bone-graft substitute. The so prepared grafted bioactive bone cement (BBC) bionanocomposites (BNCs), chitosan-g-PMMA/kaolin, was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The water uptake, retention ability and the nanosize particle arrangement in the polymeric BBC-BNCs were studied along with the mechanical and biodegradation properties. These preliminary investigations of the BNCs will open the door for their use in bioadhesive bone-cement implants in the future.

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APA Style
Pradhan, A.K., Sahoo, P.K., Rana, P.K. (2017). Chitosan-g-pmma/kaolin bionanocomposites for use in bioadhesive bone-cement implants. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(5), 371-379. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634129
Vancouver Style
Pradhan AK, Sahoo PK, Rana PK. Chitosan-g-pmma/kaolin bionanocomposites for use in bioadhesive bone-cement implants. J Renew Mater. 2017;5(5):371-379 https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634129
IEEE Style
A.K. Pradhan, P.K. Sahoo, and P.K. Rana "Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 371-379. 2017. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634129



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