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Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants

Arun Kumar Pradhan1,2*, Prafulla Kumar Sahoo1, Pradeep Kumar Rana2

Department of Chemistry, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar 751 004, India
Plastics and Polymer Engineering Department, Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Aurangabad, Maharashtra 431005, India

*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2017, 5(5), 371-379.


Chitosan grafted with poly(methyl-methacrylate) (PMMA) and adsorbed with kaolin functionalized as bioadhesive was prepared via emulsion polymerization technique and physiochemically characterized as a bone-graft substitute. The so prepared grafted bioactive bone cement (BBC) bionanocomposites (BNCs), chitosan-g-PMMA/kaolin, was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The water uptake, retention ability and the nanosize particle arrangement in the polymeric BBC-BNCs were studied along with the mechanical and biodegradation properties. These preliminary investigations of the BNCs will open the door for their use in bioadhesive bone-cement implants in the future.


Cite This Article

Pradhan, A. K., Sahoo, P. K., Rana, P. K. (2017). Chitosan-g-PMMA/Kaolin Bionanocomposites for Use in Bioadhesive Bone-Cement Implants. Journal of Renewable Materials, 5(5), 371–379.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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