Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

Surfactant-Assisted Poly(lactic acid)/Cellulose Nanocrystal Bionanocomposite for Potential Application in Paper Coating

Ragab E. Abou-Zeid1*, Mohamed A. Diab1, Salah A. A. Mohamed2, Ahmed Salama1, Hind Abdullah Aljohani3, Kamel Rizq Shoueir4
Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Centre, 33 El-Bohouth St., Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt
Packing and Packaging Materials Department, National Research Centre, 33 El-Bohouth St., Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt
Tabuk University, Chemistry Department, College of Al Wajh, Al Wajh, Saudi Arabia
Institute of Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, Chemistry department, Kafr Elsheikh University, 33516 Kafr Elsheikh, Egypt
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(4), 394-401. https://doi.org/10.7569/JRM.2017.634156

Abstract

The current article addresses a new strategy for the preparation of polylactic acid/cellulose nanocrystal (PLA/CNCs) nanobiocomposite films with improved structural morphology, mechanical and barrier properties for food packaging applications. The addition of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as cationic and anionic surfactants respectively, was found to play a crucial role in preventing re-aggregation of the CNCs during drying and improving the dispersion of CNCs in the PLA. The coated paper was characterized using mechanical tests, water vapor permeability (WVP), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and air permeability. The results showed that the paper coated with PLA containing 7.5% CNCs and 0.15% CTAB based on weight of PLA, gives the highest measured paper properties, where an increase in tensile strength (+133%), Young's modulus (+309%), tear index (+183%), burst (+60.8) and a decrease in air permeability (–92%) was obtained.

Keywords

Cellulose nanocrystal, surfactant, paper coating, mechanical properties, air permeability, water vapor permeability

Cite This Article

Abou-Zeid, R. E., Diab, M. A., A., S., Salama, A., Aljohani, H. A. et al. (2018). Surfactant-Assisted Poly(lactic acid)/Cellulose Nanocrystal Bionanocomposite for Potential Application in Paper Coating. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(4), 394–401.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1422

    View

  • 876

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan