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Anisotropic Visco-Elastoplastic Modeling of Quasi-Unidirectional Flax Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Behavior: An Investigation on Low-Velocity Impact Response

Marwa Abida1,2, Jamel Mars3,*, Florian Gehring1, Alexandre Vivet1, Fakhreddine Dammak3
Normandie Univ, ENSICAEN, UNICAEN, CEA, CNRS, CIMAP, 14000 Caen, France
Mechanical Modeling and Manufacturing Laboratory (LA2MP), National School of Engineers of Sfax, University of Sfax, B.P, 173-3038, Sfax, Tunisia
Laboratory of Electromechanical Systems (LASEM), National Engineering School of Sfax, University of Sfax, B.P. 1173-3038, Sfax, Tunisia
*Corresponding author:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2018, 6(5), 464-476. https://doi.org/10.32604/JRM.2018.01897

Abstract

Based on experimental test results, flax fiber reinforced polymer composites are characterized by nonlinear visco-elastoplastic behavior. The aim of this work is to model the quasi-unidirectional flax fiber reinforced composite behavior through a three dimensional formulation with orthotropic elasticity and orthotropic plasticity using Hill criterion. The isotropic hardening and Johnson Cook parameters are identified from unidirectional tensile tests at different strain rates. The adjustment of Hill’s yield criterion is developed based on yield stresses obtained in tensile tests at different directions. The numerical integration of the constitutive equations is implemented in a user-defined material, UMAT subroutines for the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. Once model parameters are identified using tensile tests, the model needs to be validated by confronting it with other experimental results. That is why experimental and numerical three-point bending tests are carried out in order to validate the proposed model with tests that have not served for the identification. Finally, a numerical parametric study on low velocity impact of a flax/epoxy composite circular plate is investigated.

Keywords

Visco-elastoplasticity, anisotropic behavior, impact simulation, flax fiber, composites

Cite This Article

Abida, M., Mars, J., Gehring, F., Vivet, A., Dammak, F. (2018). Anisotropic Visco-Elastoplastic Modeling of Quasi-Unidirectional Flax Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Behavior: An Investigation on Low-Velocity Impact Response. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(5), 464–476.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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