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REVIEW

Development of CaO From Natural Calcite as a Heterogeneous Base Catalyst in the Formation of Biodiesel: Review

Nuni Widiarti1, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah1, Hasliza Bahruji2, Didik Prasetyoko1,*

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Institute Technology Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya 60111, Indonesia Jl. Arief Rahman Hakim, Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia.
Center of Advanced Materials and Energy Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Negara Brunei Darussalam.

*Corresponding Author: Didik Prasetyoko. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(10), 915-939. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07183

Abstract

Biodiesel is a fossil fuel that is in demand to be developed because it is bio-renewable, biodegradable and environmentally friendly. Biodiesel produced from the transesterification reaction of vege Tab. oil using a base catalyst. CaO is the most developed catalyst for the reaction of transesterification of oil into biodiesel because it is cheap, the process is easy and has a high level of alkalinity. CaO is a cheap catalyst because it is easily obtained from natural ingredients. The use of CaO catalysts in the reaction formation of biodiesel continues to develop through modification with various porous materials and different oxide materials. In this paper, we discuss the development of CaO, the modification of CaO with a porous material and metal oxide, the mechanism of reaction of CaO and the kinetics of reactions that occur in the reaction transesterification of oil to biodiesel.

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APA Style
Widiarti, N., Ni’mah, Y.L., Bahruji, H., Prasetyoko, D. (2019). Development of cao from natural calcite as a heterogeneous base catalyst in the formation of biodiesel: review. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(10), 915-939. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07183
Vancouver Style
Widiarti N, Ni’mah YL, Bahruji H, Prasetyoko D. Development of cao from natural calcite as a heterogeneous base catalyst in the formation of biodiesel: review. J Renew Mater. 2019;7(10):915-939 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07183
IEEE Style
N. Widiarti, Y.L. Ni’mah, H. Bahruji, and D. Prasetyoko "Development of CaO From Natural Calcite as a Heterogeneous Base Catalyst in the Formation of Biodiesel: Review," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 915-939. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07183

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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