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Conversion of Waste Parasitic Insect (Hylobius abietis L.) into Antioxidative, Antimicrobial and Biodegradable Films

Murat Kaya1,*, Idris Sargin1, Povilas Mulerčikas2, Jalel Labidi3, Asier M. Salaberria3, Yavuz S. Cakmak1, Sonata Kazlauskaitė2, Demet Erdonmez4, Vykintas Baublys5
Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Aksaray University, 68100, Aksaray, Turkey.
Institute of Biology and Plant Biotechnology, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, LT-53361, Lithuania.
Biorefinery Processes Research Group, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Plaza Europa 1, 20018 Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain.
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Letters, Aksaray University, 68100, Aksaray, Turkey.
Department of Biology, Vytautas Magnus University, LT-44404 Kaunas, Lithuania.
* Corresponding Author: Murat Kaya. Email: .

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(3), 215-226. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00002

Abstract

Hylobius abietis is a plant parasitic insect belonging to the order Coleoptera and which causes severe damages to coniferous forests in Northern and Eastern Europe. This current study is aimed to provide a new viewpoint into the waste of this insect by producing chitosan. Dry insect corpses consisted of 27.9% chitin and 86.2% of the chitin was converted into the chitosan. FT-IR spectra analyses confirmed the purity and the deacetylation degree of the produced chitosan (molecular weight of chitosan; 7.3 kDa). This chitosan exhibited antimicrobial activity against 18 bacterial strains. Further, biodegradable chitosan composite films with β-carotene were produced. Antioxidant activity of chitosan films were found to be higher than chitosan gels; and β-carotene incorporation further increased the antioxidative properties of the chitosan films. This study demonstrated that the waste of parasitic insect like H. abietis can be evaluated as a source for production of biodegradable and edible chitosan-based films for applications in food coating.

Keywords

Hylobius abietis, biowaste, chitin, chitosan, antioxidant

Cite This Article

Kaya, M., Sargin, I., Mulerčikas, P., Labidi, J., Salaberria, A. M. et al. (2019). Conversion of Waste Parasitic Insect (Hylobius abietis L.) into Antioxidative, Antimicrobial and Biodegradable Films. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(3), 215–226.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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