Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

Chitosan/Nanocrystalline Cellulose Biocomposites Based on Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Sheath Fibers

Abeer M. Adel1, Amira M. El-Shafei2, Atef A. Ibrahim1, Mona T. Al-Shemy1,*

Cellulose and Paper Department, National Research Center, 33El-Bohouth St. (Former El-Tahrir St.), Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt.
Textile Research Division, National Research Center, 33El-Bohouth St. (Former El-Tahrir St.), Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza, Egypt.

*Corresponding Author: Mona T. Al-Shemy. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(6), 567-582. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00034

Abstract

In this study, nanocrystalline celluloses were used to enhance physical, mechanical and water vapor barrier properties of chitosan films for potential food packaging applications. Two different mineral acids (sulfuric and phosphoric) were used to extract nanocrystalline cellulose from date palm sheath fibers. The influence of cellulose I and cellulose II on the properties of the isolated nanocrystalline celluloses (e.g., yield, energy and length of intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds, and degree of substitution) were studied too. The characteristics of chitosan biocomposite film with phosphorylated nanocrystalline cellulose were compared to those with sulfated nanocrystalline cellulose. Results showed that besides cellulose polymorphism, the ionic ester groups on the surface of nanocrystalline cellulose is one of the factors influencing the physical, chemical, mechanical, and water vapor barrier properties in chitosan/nanocrystalline cellulose biocomposites.

Keywords


Cite This Article

Adel, A. M., El-Shafei, A. M., Ibrahim, A. A., Al-Shemy, M. T. (2019). Chitosan/Nanocrystalline Cellulose Biocomposites Based on Date Palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Sheath Fibers. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(6), 567–582. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.00034

Citations




cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 2266

    View

  • 1422

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link