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Mixed-Ligand Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(II) Complexes as Catalysts for Esterification of Biomass-Derived Levulinic Acid with Polyol and in Situ Reduction via Hydrogenation with NaBH4

Md. Anwar Hossain1,2, Lee Hwei Voon1,*

Nanotechnology & Catalysis Research Centre (NanoCat), Level 3, Block A, Institute of Postgraduate Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.
Department of Chemistry, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, Rajshahi 6204, Bangladesh.

*Corresponding Author: Lee Hwei Voon. Email: email.

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(8), 731-748. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.04703

Abstract

Synthesizing polyol-based ester from biomass feedstocks for the preparation of biolubricant overcomes the dependence on petroleum oil usage. Albeit biomass-derived bio-oil is an alternative for the production of polyol ester, upgrading is essential prior to use as biolubricant. Levulinic acid (LA), obtained from bio-oil was applied for the catalytic esterification with two polyols, e.g., trimethylolpropane (TMP) and pentaerythritol (PE), in the presence of mixed-ligand Ni(II), Co(II), and Fe(II) complexes as catalyst. New mixed-ligand coordination complexes with empirical formula; [Ni(Phe)(Bpy)Cl].H2O, [Co(Phe)(Bpy)Cl].H2O, and [Fe(Phe)(Tyr)Cl].H2O were synthesized by the reaction of ligands [L-phenylalanine (Phe), 4,4'-bipyridine (Bpy), and L-tyrosine (Tyr)] with metal chloride salts and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, FTIR, TGA/DTA, powder-XRD, and SEM techniques. This study aims to investigate the catalytic activities of the complexes via esterification reaction of levulinic acid with trimethylolpropane and pentaerythritol. In addition, these catalysts were further employed for the in situ hydrogenation of levulinate esters via NaBH4 at room temperature upon refluxing. Indeed, the iron(II) complex was more potential, exhibiting its efficiency as a homogeneous catalyst for esterification-hydrogenation reaction for synthesizing ester-based oils.

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APA Style
Hossain, M.A., Voon, L.H. (2019). Mixed-ligand ni(ii), co(ii) and fe(ii) complexes as catalysts for esterification of biomass-derived levulinic acid with polyol and in situ reduction via hydrogenation with nabh4. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(8), 731-748. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.04703
Vancouver Style
Hossain MA, Voon LH. Mixed-ligand ni(ii), co(ii) and fe(ii) complexes as catalysts for esterification of biomass-derived levulinic acid with polyol and in situ reduction via hydrogenation with nabh4. J Renew Mater. 2019;7(8):731-748 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.04703
IEEE Style
M.A. Hossain and L.H. Voon, "Mixed-Ligand Ni(II), Co(II) and Fe(II) Complexes as Catalysts for Esterification of Biomass-Derived Levulinic Acid with Polyol and in Situ Reduction via Hydrogenation with NaBH4," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 731-748. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.04703

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