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Lamin A/C Regulates Endothelial Glucocorticoid Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Response to Cyclic Stretch

Arman Nayebosadri1, Julie Y. Ji2*

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis; Indianapolis, IN 46202.
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis; Indianapolis, IN 46202. Emails: jji@iupui.edu.

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2016, 13(1), 57-85. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2016.013.069

Abstract

The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) has multiple phosphorylation sites that can be activated by MAPKs, which have been previously shown to be activated in response to cyclic stretch in endothelial cells. It is possible therefore that physiological and/or pathological degree of cyclic stretch may also initiate phosphorylation-induced changes in GR subcellular localization as we previously showed with shear stress. However, little is known about the effects of cyclic stretch on glucocorticoid receptor (GR) activity in endothelial cells. We used control and lamin shRNA BAECs and subjected them to ligand (dexamethasone) treatment, physiological stretch (10% at 1 Hz), or pathological stretch (20% at 1 Hz or 10% at 2 Hz), in order to evaluate GR nuclear translocation in endothelial cells with and without lamin A/C as well as potential upstream protein regulators of GR subcellular movement during cyclic stretch. Upon exposure to pathological degrees of stretching, control shRNA BAECs showed greater nuclear concentration of GR at each time point compared to when they were stretched at physiological parameters. The response of GR in lamin-deficient cells to cyclic stretching was relatively non-existent compared to that observed in control shRNA cells. Our results suggest that in cells with lamin A/C, cyclic stretch activates GR through the JNK pathway, and ERK has some inhibitory role on GR nuclear translocation. DUSP proteins become upregulated in response to stretch as a result of GR activation (DUSP1) or by stretch-induced MAPK signaling. In lamin-deficient cells, only the combination of cyclic stretch and p38 inhibition was able to induce marginal nuclear translocation. Increased MAPK phosphorylation due to lamin A/C absence could drive DUSP expression as a negative feedback mechanism. Upregulation of the cytoplasmic DUSP6 suggests a significant role of ERK in reducing GR sensitivity to mechanical strain.

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Cite This Article

Nayebosadri, A., Ji, J. Y. (2016). Lamin A/C Regulates Endothelial Glucocorticoid Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Response to Cyclic Stretch. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 13(1), 57–85.



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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