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Hypertrophic Gene Expression Induced by Chronic Stretch of Excised Mouse Heart Muscle

Anna M. Raskin∗,†, Masahiko Hoshijima, Eric Swanson, Andrew D. McCulloch*, Jeffrey H. Omens∗,†,‡

Department of Bioengineering, University of California San Diego, CA
Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, CA
Corresponding author. Medicine and Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive MC 0613J, La Jolla, CA 92093. Tel: (858) 534-8102; Email: jomens@ucsd.edu

Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics 2009, 6(3), 145-160. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2009.006.145

Abstract

Altered mechanical stress and strain in cardiac myocytes induce modifications in gene expression that affects cardiac remodeling and myocyte contractile function. To study the mechanisms of mechanotransduction in cardiomyocytes, probing alterations in mechanics and gene expression has been an effective strategy. However, previous studies are self-limited due to the general use of isolated neonatal rodent myocytes or intact animals. The main goal of this study was to develop a novel tissue culture chamber system for mouse myocardium that facilitates loading of cardiac tissue, while measuring tissue stress and deformation within a physiological environment. Intact mouse right ventricular papillary muscles were cultured in controlled conditions with superfusate at 95% O2/ 5% CO2, and 34°C, such that cell to extracellular matrix adhesions as well as cell to cell adhesions were undisturbed and both passive and active mechanical properties were maintained without significant changes. The system was able to measure the induction of hypertrophic markers (BNP, ANP) in tissue after 2 hrs and 5 hrs of stretch. ANP induction was highly correlated with the diastolic load of the muscle but not with developed systolic load. Load induced ANP expression was blunted in muscles from muscle-LIM protein knockout mice, in which defective mechanotransduction pathways have been predicted.

Cite This Article

APA Style
Raskin, A.M., Hoshijima, M., Swanson, E., McCulloch, A.D., Omens, J.H. (2009). Hypertrophic gene expression induced by chronic stretch of excised mouse heart muscle. Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, 6(3), 145-160. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2009.006.145
Vancouver Style
Raskin AM, Hoshijima M, Swanson E, McCulloch AD, Omens JH. Hypertrophic gene expression induced by chronic stretch of excised mouse heart muscle. Mol Cellular Biomechanics . 2009;6(3):145-160 https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2009.006.145
IEEE Style
A.M. Raskin, M. Hoshijima, E. Swanson, A.D. McCulloch, and J.H. Omens "Hypertrophic Gene Expression Induced by Chronic Stretch of Excised Mouse Heart Muscle," Mol. Cellular Biomechanics , vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 145-160. 2009. https://doi.org/10.3970/mcb.2009.006.145



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