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Polarized Autologous Macrophages (PAM) Can Be a Tumor Vaccine

Dongqing Wang1,*, Heying Chen1, Yi Hu2,*
1 The M.O.E. Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medical Diagnostics, The College of Laboratory Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China
2 CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, Institute of High Energy Physics and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, 100049, China
* Corresponding Authors: Dongqing Wang. Email: ; Yi Hu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Cancer Immunotherapy)

Oncologie 2022, 24(3), 441-449. https://doi.org/10.32604/oncologie.2022.024898

Received 12 June 2022; Accepted 15 August 2022; Issue published 19 September 2022

Abstract

Immunotherapy is currently recognized as one of the most promising anticancer strategies. In the tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated macrophages are mainly M2-type macrophages with tumor-promoting effects. Therefore, the reprogramming of tumor-associated macrophages from M2 to M1 type is a potential strategy for cancer therapy. We have previously shown the anticancer effects of implantable allogeneic M1 macrophages in mice. Here, we further engineered autologous mouse bone marrow cells into M1 macrophages and then embedded them into a sodium alginate gel to prepare an implantable immunotherapeutic agent (M1@Gel). We demonstrate that M1@Gel repolarizes M2 macrophages to M1 type and activates the immune responses in mice. As a result, M1@Gel can potently inhibit the tumor recurrence in mice after the surgical tumor removal. These results suggest that the implantation of autologous M1 macrophages might be a promising strategy for preventing postoperative tumor recurrence. We envisage that the employment of polarized autologous macrophages as a tumor vaccine might be translated into clinic.

Keywords

Polarized autologous macrophages; immunotherapy; solid tumors; vaccine; hydrogel

Cite This Article

Wang, D., Chen, H., Hu, Y. (2022). Polarized Autologous Macrophages (PAM) Can Be a Tumor Vaccine. Oncologie, 24(3), 441–449.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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