Home / Journals / ONCOLOGIE / Vol.24, No.3, 2022

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The polarized autologous macrophages can be used as a tumor vaccine for preventing postoperative tumor recurrence. This scheme illustrates how autologous M1 macrophages  are prepared from the mice and then embedded into a sodium alginate gel to make an implantable tumor vaccine (M1@Gel). M1@Gel can repolarize tumor-associated macrophages and prevent the tumor recurrence in mice after the surgical tumor removal. Therefore, the implantation of autologous M1 macrophages might be a promising strategy for developing tumor vaccine.

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  • Open Access

    STUDY PROTOCOL IN FRENCH

    Impact of Adapted Physical Activity on Joint Pain Induced by Hormonotherapy in Adjuvant Breast Cancer Treatment: APAISE Study Protocol
    Impact de l’Activité Physique Adaptée sur les Douleurs Articulaires Induites sous Hormonothérapie en Traitement Adjuvant du Cancer : Protocole de l’Etude APAISE

    Virginie Prevost1,2,#,*, Pauline Drillon3,#, Antoine Desvergée4, Corinne Delcambre2, Claire Delorme2, Anne Besnier5, Kévin Lecaplain6, Charline Frandemiche7, Anaïs Briant7, Rémy Morello4, Xavier Blaizot7
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 357-369, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025107
    Abstract Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and approximately 80% of patients will receive hormone therapy. If survival rate after breast cancer patients is the most important, their treatment, induces strong side effects on quality of life, including joint pain which is encountered by one woman in two. These joint pains are likely to reduce compliance with the treatment and consequently impact survival. In this context, this work aims to evaluate the potential benefit of adapted physical activity to relieve pain and its impact on daily functions. The APAISE protocol, described in this article, is a prospective observational… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Interface of Cancer, Their Microenvironment and Nanotechnology

    Natalia Roque1,#, Diana Matias2,#, Joana Balça-Silva3, Valéria Pereira Ferrer4, Luciana Santos Pessoa1, Tania Cristina Leite de Sampaio e Spohr1,5,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 371-411, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024035
    Abstract Cancer is one of the deadliest diseases with a cure far from being found. Despite the extraordinary advances in the therapy approaches, only a few patients respond to treatments. The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in cancer progression by contributing to the chemoresistance. Thus, emerging efforts are being made in nanotechnology research focusing on nanoparticles’ potential role and their application in immune system modulation. Moreover, the omics have contributed to bioengineering and nanotechnology development by elucidating the mechanisms of cancer and specific biomarkers that could be used as new therapeutic targets. Furthermore, the non-coding microRNA as a target… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Presence of Human Papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Gastric Cancer: A Systematic Study

    Abolfazl Jafari-Sales1, Afsoon Shariat1,*, Hossein Bannazadeh Baghi2, Behzad Baradaran3, Behboud Jafari4
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 413-426, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024161
    Abstract Background and Aim: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common infection-related malignancies worldwide. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are among the most important viruses affecting many people worldwide. The potential role of these viruses in gastric tissue may explain the possibility of GC, as seen in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). This study aimed to systematically investigate the presence of HPV and EBV in GC. Methods: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, this study is a systematic review based on reported cases. The keywords HPV, EBV and GC, were searched… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    The Eph/Ephrin System in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Functional Roles and Potential Therapeutic Targets

    Xin Shu, Qiang Wang*, Qingming Wu*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 427-439, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023248
    Abstract Liver cancer is ranked as the second leading cause of cancer-related death across the world, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) comprises nearly 90% of all primary liver cancer cases. However, until now, the pathological mechanisms underlying HCC oncogenesis and development remains largely unclear. Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands (Eph/Ephrin system) are involved in various physiological process, such as embryogenesis, neuronal migration, immune response and vascular development. Recently, emerging evidence has showed that the Eph/Ephrin system also plays an essential role in initiation and development of multiple types of cancer, including liver cancer. The Eph/Ephrin system has been reported to contribute… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Polarized Autologous Macrophages (PAM) Can Be a Tumor Vaccine

    Dongqing Wang1,*, Heying Chen1, Yi Hu2,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 441-449, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024898
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Cancer Immunotherapy)
    Abstract Immunotherapy is currently recognized as one of the most promising anticancer strategies. In the tumor microenvironment, tumor-associated macrophages are mainly M2-type macrophages with tumor-promoting effects. Therefore, the reprogramming of tumor-associated macrophages from M2 to M1 type is a potential strategy for cancer therapy. We have previously shown the anticancer effects of implantable allogeneic M1 macrophages in mice. Here, we further engineered autologous mouse bone marrow cells into M1 macrophages and then embedded them into a sodium alginate gel to prepare an implantable immunotherapeutic agent (M1@Gel). We demonstrate that M1@Gel repolarizes M2 macrophages to M1 type and activates the immune responses… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of Time-Varying Pattern of Recurrence in Chinese Breast Cancer Patients with Different Molecular Subtypes: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

    Xujie Zhou1,2,3,#, Yuting Sang1,3,#, Jiajian Chen1,3, Miao Mo3,4, Jianjing Hou1,3, Benlong Yang1,3,*, Jiong Wu1,2,3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 451-469, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025226
    Abstract Background: To compare the time-varying recurrence patterns of different molecular subtypes of breast cancer in the contemporary era with those in the past era. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 14627 consecutive invasive breast cancer patients who underwent surgery from 2008 to 2016 at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. We defined the period from 2013 to 2016 as the contemporary era and that from 2008 to 2012 as the past era. Five subtypes were defined according to the immunohistochemistry results. Emphasis was made on the changing patterns of recurrence for patients with different molecular subtypes changed between the two… More >

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    ARTICLE

    G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor Enhances the Stemness of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells and Promotes Malignant Characteristics

    Dongliang Zhu1,*, Jun Yang2, Jiaxin Xu3
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 471-482, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024062
    Abstract G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates non-genomic effects of estrogen. This study aimed to investigate the role of GPER in the stemness formation and malignancies in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. Spheroids of MDA-MB-468 cells were induced by mammosphere culture, and the proportion of the CD44+ /CD24−/low stem cell subpopulation was detected. Malignant characteristics, expression of GPER and stemness-related markers, and tumorigenesis in a xenograft assay were compared between the mammospheres and adherent cultured cells. The impacts of 17β-estradiol (E2) and the GPER-specific antagonist G15 were studied in in vitro assays. The proportion of… More >

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    ARTICLE

    Ampelopsin Inhibits Breast Cancer Glucose Metabolism Reprogramming Based on Network Pharmacology and Molecular Docking

    Rong Zeng1,#, Lin Liu1,2,#, Jingshan Zhao1,2,3,#, Wenmei Zhang3, Guohong Zhang1, Yunfeng Li1,2,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 483-498, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025148
    Abstract Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent type of gynecology tumors with high morbidity and mortality. Ampelopsin, the main active compound of Ampelopsis grossedentata, exerts an anti-tumor effect on a variety of cancers. However, the anti-cancer role of ampelopsin in BC remains unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the mechanism of ampelopsin against breast cancer. Materials and Methods: The target genes of ampelopsin in the treatment of breast cancer were determined and analyzed by network pharmacology and molecular docking. Cytoscape software was used to identify the core target genes and construct a protein–protein interaction (PPI) network.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Serum Level of Tumor-Specific Growth Factor in Patients with Cervical Cancer and Its Potential Prognostic Role

    Yao Wu1,2,#, Bin Qu1,#, Haoming Shen1, Hongyu Deng1, Faqin Tang1,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 499-512, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024951
    Abstract Background: Tumor-specific growth factor (TSGF) is associated with invasion and metastasis of various malignancies and adverse clinical outcomes. TSGF is also highly expressed in cervical cancer (CC), but its clinical value is unclear. Materials and Methods: Serum samples from malignancies, including CC, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), colorectal cancer (CRC), lung cancer (LCA), ovarian cancer (OC), breast cancer (BC), gastric carcinoma (GC), and pancreatic cancer (PC) were collected, and TSGF was detected using a chemiluminescence assay. The patients with CC were followed-up over five years, and their clinicopathological parameters were analyzed. Meanwhile, the pre- and post-treatment TSGF levels of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A UHPLC/MS/MS Assay Based on an Isotope-Labeled Peptide for Sensitive miR-21 Detection in HCC Serum

    Xinyue Wang1,#, Jing Xu1,#, Qihong Gu1, Dingxuan Tang1, Huoyan Ji2, Shaoqing Ju2, Feng Wang2,*, Lin Chen3, Ruoyu Yuan2,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 513-526, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024373
    Abstract Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as promising novel biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, especially for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nowadays, the expression level of miR-21 in serum samples is a diagnostic indicator for HCC diagnosis. Thus, the quantitative determination of miRNA concentration is of significance in clinical practice. It is particularly important to establish an analytical detection method for miR-21 in patient serum. Methods: The signal readout for miR-21 was based on the mass response of a reporter peptide using an isotope dilution mass spectrometry (MS) method in this work. To be more specific, miR-21 was biotinylated before being… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of IDEAL-IQ and IVIM-DWI for Differentiating between Alpha Fetoprotein-Negative Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Focal Nodular Hyperplasia

    Shaopeng Li, Peng Wang, Jun Qiu, Yiju Xie, Dawei Yin, Kexue Deng*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 527-538, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.022815
    Abstract Background: To compare the differential diagnostic value of iterative decomposition of water and fat with the echo asymmetrical and least-squares estimation quantitation sequence (IDEAL-IQ) with that of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM DWI) in differentiating between alpha fetoprotein (AFP)-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). Materials and Methods: A total of 28 AFP-negative HCC cases and 15 FNH cases were scanned using the IDEAL-IQ and IVIM-DWI magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols. Two radiologists independently assessed the fat fraction (FF) and the iron level surrogate (R2*) derived from the IDEAL-IQ images and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Heparanase/Syndecan-1 Axis Regulates the Grade of Liver Cancer and Proliferative Ability of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

    Shengjin Yu, Huiming Lv, Jinhui Zhang, He Zhang, Weiwei Ju, Yu Jiang*, Lijuan Lin*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 539-551, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.024882
    Abstract Background: Although heparanase/syndecan-1 axis is involved in malignant progression of many cancers, its significance in liver cancer is not well understood. In this study, we explored the value of heparanase/syndecan-1 axis expression in liver cancer and the intervention mechanisms that target this axis by inhibiting the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Materials and Methods: We conducted tissue microarray analysis that included 90 primary liver cancer and their corresponding adjacent samples to evaluate the expression of heparanase and syndecan-1 and their correlation with clinicopathologic characteristics. RNA interference and western blot assays were performed to analyze the effect of heparanase on syndecan-1… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Icotinib Enhanced Radiosensitization of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma by Inhibiting the Expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor

    Bo Wu1,#, Huacai Xiong2,#, Yong Wang1, Shankun Zhao1, Hongsheng Lu1, Wei Hu3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 553-563, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023025
    Abstract Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently overexpressed in multiple malignancies. Icotinib (IH), a new EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, enhances radiosensitivity in various types of cancer, but its effect on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unclear. Total 115 NPC tissue sections and 30 nasopharyngitis tissue sections were enrolled. The correlation of EGFR expression and clinicopathologic features of NPC was analyzed. Survival analysis was calculated by using univariate and multivariate regression analysis. A radioresistant NPC cell line, CNE-2R, was established with a gradient irradiation schedule. Cell viability, colony formation and EGFR expression of CNE-2/2R cells were examined. Significant higher expression of EGFR… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Topical Application of Houttuynia cordata Thunb Ethanol Extracts Increases Tumor Infiltrating CD8+ /Treg Cells Ratio and Inhibits Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in vivo

    Lipeng Gao1,2,#, Rongyin Gui1,#, Xinnan Zheng1, Yingxue Wang1, Yao Gong1, Tim Hua Wang1, Jichuang Wang3, Junyi Huang1,2, Xinhua Liao1,2,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 565-577, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.022454
    Abstract Houttuynia cordata Thunb (HCT) is a medicinal and edible herb that has beneficial effects on various diseases due to its diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-cancer and anti-diabetic properties. Most reports of its anti-cancer activity were conducted in vitro, and its effects on cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) have not been investigated yet. Using DMBA/TPA induced SCC mice model, we found that topical treatment by HCT, as well as its bioactive ingredient monomer, efficiently inhibited tumor growth. Mechanistically, tumor infiltrating CD4+ , Foxp3+ T regulatory cells (Tregs) were significantly reduced and CD8+ /Treg cells ratio was largely increased in tumors… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MiR-21/Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)/PI3K/AKT Pathway is Associated with NSCLC of Primary EGFR-TKI Resistance

    Li Xu, Kang Li, Jia Li, Liyu Liu, Fang Xu, Yan Xu, Yi Kong, Xingxiang Pu, Qianzhi Wang, Jingyi Wang, Bolin Chen*, Lin Wu*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 579-590, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.022121
    Abstract Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), caused by abnormal gene drive, may have primary drug resistance after treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). Therefore, we explore whether the primary drug-resistant NSCLC treated with EGFR-TKI is related to the miR-21/Sonic Hedgehog (SHH)/PI3K/AKT pathway. Methods: The patients from our hospital who meet the AJCC TNM staging (7th edition) stage IIIB and stage IV NSCLC were selected in this case study. Thereafter, the treatment response of EGFR-TKIs was evaluated according to the solid tumor efficacy evaluation standard (version 1.1). The patients were divided into the EGFR-TKIs primary drug resistance group (EGFR-TKIs-Primary-R) and the… More >

  • Open Access

    VIEW POINT

    A Novel Biological Nano Confinement Inhibits Cancer Metastasis

    Sen Lu1,3, Zunqiang Zhao2,4, Zhongwei Lv2, Jianshe Yang2,3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 591-597, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.025144
    Abstract Cancer is a complex genetic disease hallmarked with a strong competitive capacity in energy and utilization of substances compared to normal cells, which is partially due to the ability to adjust their metabolism in response to environmental changes. During the lifespan of cancer cells, either during carcinogenesis, progress, or metastasis, massive energy and other substances are essential prerequisites, however, the underlying mechanisms are controversial and still remain unclear. Understanding how cancer cells seize much of the energy and other substances than normal cells is of utmost importance for next-generation cancer therapy, along with the finding of novel drug target and… More >

  • Open Access

    CASE REPORT

    Gastric Cancer with Bone Marrow Invasion and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: A Case Report

    Lilan Chen, Lu Lu, Xinlei Gong, Yichen Xu, Xiaoyuan Chu*, Guichun Huang*
    Oncologie, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 599-604, 2022, DOI:10.32604/oncologie.2022.023310
    Abstract Gastric cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide in 2020. Gastric cancer usually undergoes lymph node metastasis and implantation metastasis, but bone metastasis and bone marrow invasion are rare. However, gastric cancer patients with bone marrow invasion usually have cancer emergency, so special attention should be paid in clinical practice. Herein, we analyzed the clinical characteristics of an asian gastric cancer patient with bone marrow invasion and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in our hospital and summarized the diagnosis and treatment experience to provide a reference for such diseases. More >

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