Home / Journals / ONCOLOGIE / Vol.23, No.2, 2021
  • Open Access

    OPEN FORUM

    Surgical Oncologists, an Endangered Species?
    Chirurgiens Oncologistes, une « Espèce en Voie de Disparition » ?

    R. J. Salmon1,2,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 173-176, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.017020
    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    MicroRNA in HCC: Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets

    Zheng Wang1, Yongxia He1, Yuwei Song1, Yue Wang2, Feng Chen3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 177-184, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.014773
    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high morbidity and mortality. At present, diagnostic methods such as imaging observation, serum testing and tissue biopsy, as well as treatment methods such as surgical resection, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy have certain limitations in clinical interventions for HCC due to the complex pathogenesis and drug resistance of liver cancer, which seriously affect the survival and prognosis of patients. As a large-scale cytokine, microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in regulating various life activities of cells. Extensive evidence proved that certain miRNAs are specifically expressed in the tissues and blood of HCC patients, and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Cluster Nursing Mode Combined with Blood Pressure Regulation on Surgical Tolerance of Patients with Esophageal Cancer and Hypertension

    Hongyan Ai1,*, Yan Wang2, Hongmei Gu2
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 185-193, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016420
    Abstract Objective: To explore the effect of the cluster nursing mode combined with blood pressure regulation on the surgical tolerance of patients with esophageal cancer and hypertension. Methods: The clinical data of 86 patients with esophageal cancer and hypertension treated in our hospital (February 2016–February 2017) were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were randomly split into research group and reference group, with 43 cases in each group. The reference group received routine nursing, while the research group received cluster nursing combined with blood pressure regulation. The SBP, DBP and heart rates at D1 (at admission), D2 (2 h before surgery) and D3… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Tolerance and Efficacy of Regorafenib according to UGT Pharmacogenetical Status in the Treatment of Metastatic Refractory Colorectal Cancer

    Pierre-Guillaume Poureau1,2,*, Estelle Dhamelincourt2, Jessica Nguyen2, Hélène Babey2, Emmanuelle Renaud2, Margaux Geier2, Michèle Boisdron-Celle3, Jean-Philippe Metges2
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 195-202, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.015929
    Abstract Introduction: Regorafenib is a multi tyrosin-kinase inhibitor prescribed in metastatic refractory colorectal cancer treatment. Its toxicity is significant but inconstant. The metabolism of regorafenib includes oxydation via cytochrome P3A4, then glucuroconjugation. A pharmacogenetical approach of mutational status of Uridine-Diphospho-Glucuronosyltransfersase (UDP-glucuronosyl-transferase, UGT) could be a strategy to optimise the use of regorafenib. Patients and Method: This is a restrospective, unicentric study. All adult patients treated with regorafenib for a metastatic colorectal cancer in our center between 2013 and 2017 were analysed. UGT1A1 polypmorphism was previously researched in the laboratory after written informed consent. Results: Thirty-five patients received regorafenib during the study… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Alteration of Ornithine Metabolic Pathway in Colon Cancer and Multivariate Data Modelling for Cancer Diagnosis

    Xin Hu1,2,#, Fangyu Jing3,#, Qingjun Wang1,4, Linyang Shi1, Yunfeng Cao4,5, Zhitu Zhu1,4,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 203-217, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016155
    Abstract It is noteworthy that colon cancer is the fourth place in new cases and the fifth in mortalities according to global cancer statistics 2018. Tumorigenesis displays specific correlation with metabolic alterations. A variety of metabolites, including ornithine (Orn), are related to colon cancer according to sources of disease metabolic information retrieval in human metabolome database. The metabolic regulation of Orn pathway is a key link in the survival of cancer cells. In this study, the plasma Orn levels in colon cancer patients and healthy participants were measured by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and the metabolic disturbances of Orn in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Nomogram for Predicting Lateral Lymph Node Metastasis in Cases of Papillary Thyroid Micro-Carcinoma with Suspected Lymph Node Metastasis

    Yu Xiao1, Peng Zhou2, Yizi Zheng1, Chang Zheng1, Guowen Liu1, Weixiang Liu3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 219-228, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016480
    Abstract The elevation for lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM) plays an important role in therapeutic decision-making for thyroid carcinoma. A reliable forecasting model for LLNM in patients with papillary thyroid micro-carcinoma (PTMC) is needed, using clinicopathological characteristics. A total of 576 PTMC patients with suspicious lateral cervical lymph node (II, III, IV or V region) metastasis and known clinicopathological variables were randomly collected at Shenzhen Second People’s Hospital. Cervical lymph node status of every patient was assessed by ultrasonography (US). The patients in this cohort study underwent thyroidectomy and lateral neck lymph node dissection. Univariate analysis and logistic regression analysis were… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prolonged Survival in Patients with Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2-Overexpressed Metastatic Breast Cancer after Targeted Therapy is Dominantly Contributed by Luminal-Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 Population

    Keiichi Kontani1,*, Kana Kuraishi1, Shin-ichiro Hashimoto1, Shoko Norimura2, Nozomi Hashimoto1, Masahiro Ohtani3, Naomi Fujiwara-Honjo4, Manabu Date5, Koji Teramoto6, Hiroyasu Yokomise1
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 229-239, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016277
    Abstract The prognosis of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-overexpressed metastatic breast cancer (MBC) has improved drastically following the development of anti-HER2 therapies. We question what factors are involved in the improved outcome by the treatment. One hundred and two MBC patients who received chemotherapy were classified into groups according to breast cancer subtype: luminal/HER2-negative (n = 50), HER2 (n = 26), and triple-negative subtypes (n = 26). Clinicopathologic features and clinical outcomes of the groups were compared. Disease-free intervals in the triple-negative group were significantly shorter than those in the other two groups. Age, tumor grade, the number… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Formononetin Inhibits Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Proliferation via Regulation of mir-27a-3p through p53 Pathway

    Chunya Hu, Yu He*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 241-250, 2021, DOI: 10.32604/Oncologie.2021.015828
    Abstract Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-tumor effects of formononetin on human nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and its potential molecular mechanism. Methods: A549 cells were treated with different concentrations of formononetin, then detected the cell proliferation, apoptosis and the expression of HIPK2 respectively by MTT assay, flow cytometry analysis and RT-qPCR. Then the interaction between miR- 27a-3p and its target gene HIPK2 was verified through luciferase reporter assay. The expression of miR-27a- 3p, HIPK2, and p53 was detected after being treated with different formononetin concentrations by RT-qPCR and western blot. Results: The results showed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HBx Downregulates miR-422a Expression via Activation of FOXG1/Q1/E1 in HepG2 Cells

    Xiaofan Deng1,2, Yamei Yang2,3, Xianfeng Gan2,3, Gang Wu2,3,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 251-258, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016900
    Abstract microRNA-422a (miR-422a) is downregulated in many hematopoietic tumors and solid tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma. We previously demonstrated that hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) downregulated expression of miR-422a in HCC cell line HepG2 in vitro. However, we explore the mechanisms underlying this action. Forkhead box proteins (FOX) G1/Q1/E1 are known to negatively regulate miR-422a expression, and this prompted us to determine whether HBx suppresses miR-422a expression via activation of FOXG1/Q1/E1. The relationship between FOXG1/Q1/E1 and miR-422a in HepG2 cells stably expressing HBx was assessed with qRT-PCR. The correlation between HBx and FOXG1/Q1/E1 was determined with qRT-PCR and western blot in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mir-612 Inhibits Proliferation and Invasion of Urothelial Carcinoma of Bladder Cells through Activating Hippo Pathway via Targeting PMEPA1

    Peng Wang, Haiyang Zhang, Zilian Cui, Xunbo Jin*, Dong Zhang*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 259-268, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.015503
    Abstract Urothelial carcinoma of bladder (UCB) is a common urological malignancy in the world, but its progression mechanism remains unclear. MiR-612 was found as an anti-tumor factor in multiple types of cancer, while few studies have revealed its functions in UCB cells. Based on this, UCB cells such as HTB-9 and HTB-4, and normal urothelial of bladder cells such as SV-Huc1, were used as subjects in this study. Western blot, qRTPCR, CCK-8 assay and transwell assay were used to assess functions of miR-612 in UCB cells. The database, miRWalk, was used to search for potential targets of miR-612, and dual-luciferase reporter… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Awareness of Human Papilloma Virus and Its Association with Cervical Cancer among Female University Students: A Study from United Arab Emirates

    Madhumitha Kedhari Sundaram1, Abdulmajeed G. Almutary2, Shafiul Haque3, Faheem SM1, Arif Hussain1,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 269-277, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.016002
    Abstract Cervical cancer is the neoplasm of the uterine cervix in women, which is highly preventable. With the advent of vaccination against HPV infection, a gradual decline in the incidence of cervical cancer cases has been observed in developing countries. The developing nations bear the brunt of cervical cancer incidence due to low acceptance of vaccination. This survey-based study was designed to assess the awareness and opinions of female university students regarding human papilloma virus, vaccination and cervical cancer. A survey questionnaire was distributed among female expatriate students (18 to 26 years of age) of a private university. The survey sought… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Growth and Invasion of 3D Spheroid Tumor of HeLa and CasKi Cervical Cancer Cells

    Kalaivani Muniandy1, Zuhaida Asra Ahmad1,4, Sylvia Annabel Dass1, Shaharum Shamsuddin2, Nethia Mohana Kumaran3, Venugopal Balakrishnan1,*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 279-291, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.015969
    Abstract Spheroids are generally self-assembled cells with the ability to generate their extracellular matrix, including the complex cell-matrix and the cell-cell interactions that resemble the functional characteristics of the corresponding tissue in vivo. The study aimed to develop a three-dimensional (3D) spheroid system for the cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa (HPV18), CaSki (HPV16), SiHa (HPV16), C33A (non-HPV), HT3 (non-HPV) as well as to identify its biological activity in the extracellular form. For the formation of the cervical cancer spheroids, the liquid overlay approach was applied, followed by embedding to the bovine collagen I matrix. Spheroid formation using the liquid overlay approach… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Application Value of Multi-Slice Spiral CT Multiplanar Reconstruction Technique in the Diagnosis and Clinicopathological Analysis of Gastrointestinal Lymphoma

    Yongtao Yu, Guangdong Zou*
    Oncologie, Vol.23, No.2, pp. 293-301, 2021, DOI:10.32604/Oncologie.2021.015520
    Abstract Objective: The purpose was to explore the value of multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) multiplanar reconstruction technique in the diagnosis and clinicopathological analysis of gastrointestinal lymphoma (GIL). Methods: 82 GIL patients treated in our hospital from February 2018 to February 2019 were selected as the experimental group of this study, and 82 patients with other gastrointestinal tumors diagnosed by pathology during the same period were selected as the control group. Both groups of patients were scanned by MSCT and analyzed by multiplanar reconstruction technique to compare the diagnostic results and clinicopathological indexes of the two groups. Results: The diagnostic accuracy of… More >

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