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Silencing of E3 Ubiquitin Ligase RNF8 Enhances Ionizing Radiation Sensitivity of Medulloblastoma Cells by Promoting the Deubiquitination of PCNA

Fei Li*1, Bin Liu†1, Xiaolan Zhou*, Quan Xu

* College of Nursing, Xi’an Medical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, P.R. China
† Department of Plastic Surgery, Xi’an Central Hospital, Xi’an, Shaanxi, P.R. China
‡ Department of Pediatric Surgery, Northwest Women and Children’s Hospital, Xi’an, Shaanxi, P.R. China
1 These authors provided equal contribution to this work.

Oncology Research 2018, 26(9), 1365-1373. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15154085345907

Abstract

DNA damage response induced by ionizing radiation (IR) is an important event involved in the sensitivity and efficiency of radiotherapy in human medulloblastoma. RNF8 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and has key roles in the process of DNA damage and repair. Our study aimed to evaluate the effect of RNF8 in the DNA damage repair induced by IR exposure in medulloblastoma cells. We found that the levels of RNF8 were significantly upregulated by γ-ray irradiation in a dose-dependent manner in medulloblastoma cells and colocalized with γ-H2AX, a sensitive marker of DNA double-strand breaks induced by γ-ray radiation. RNF8 knockdown was observed to enhance the sensitivity of IR in medulloblastoma cells, as evaluated by reduced cell survival. The apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of medulloblastoma cells were dramatically increased by RNF8 suppression after IR treatment. Furthermore, RNF8 inhibition did not affect the protein levels of BRCA1, a crucial protein involved in IR-induced DNA damage repair, but significantly decreased the recruitment of BRCA1 and increased the level of γ-H2AX at DNA damage sites compared to the control. A significant increase in OTM was observed in medulloblastoma cells treated by RNF8 shRNA after exposure to IR, indicating the effect of RNF8 on DNA damage and repair. Additionally, PCNA, a major target for ubiquitin modification during DNA damage response, was found to be monoubiquitinated by E3 ligase RNF8 and might contribute to the low radiosensitivity in medulloblastoma cells. Altogether, our findings may provide RNF8 as a novel target for the improvement of radiotherapy in medulloblastoma.

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APA Style
Li, F., Liu, B., Zhou, X., Xu, Q. (2018). Silencing of E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF8 enhances ionizing radiation sensitivity of medulloblastoma cells by promoting the deubiquitination of PCNA. Oncology Research, 26(9), 1365-1373. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15154085345907
Vancouver Style
Li F, Liu B, Zhou X, Xu Q. Silencing of E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF8 enhances ionizing radiation sensitivity of medulloblastoma cells by promoting the deubiquitination of PCNA. Oncol Res. 2018;26(9):1365-1373 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15154085345907
IEEE Style
F. Li, B. Liu, X. Zhou, and Q. Xu "Silencing of E3 Ubiquitin Ligase RNF8 Enhances Ionizing Radiation Sensitivity of Medulloblastoma Cells by Promoting the Deubiquitination of PCNA," Oncol. Res., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1365-1373. 2018. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15154085345907



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