Table of Content

Open Access iconOpen Access

ARTICLE

Cylindromatosis Is Required for Survival of a Subset of Melanoma

Ting La*†, Lei Jin*‡, Xiao Ying Liu*, Ze Hua Song*, Margaret Farrelly, Yu Chen Feng, Xu Guang Yan, Yuan Yuan Zhang*,† Rick F. Thorne*,*§ Xu Dong Zhang*†, Liu Teng*

† School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
‡ School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia
§ School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia

Oncology Research 2020, 28(4), 385-398. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15861709922491

Abstract

The deubiquitinase cylindromatosis (CYLD) functions as a tumor suppressor inhibiting cell proliferation in many cancer types including melanoma. Here we present evidence that a proportion of melanoma cells are nonetheless addicted to CYLD for survival. The expression levels of CYLD varied widely in melanoma cell lines and melanomas in vivo, with a subset of melanoma cell lines and melanomas displaying even higher levels of CYLD than melanocyte lines and nevi, respectively. Strikingly, although short hairpin RNA (shRNA) knockdown of CYLD promoted, as anticipated, cell proliferation in some melanoma cell lines, it reduced cell viability in a fraction of melanoma cell lines with relatively high levels of CYLD expression and did not impinge on survival and proliferation in a third type of melanoma cell lines. The decrease in cell viability caused by CYLD knockdown was due to induction of apoptosis, as it was associated with activation of the caspase cascade and was abolished by treatment with a general caspase inhibitor. Mechanistic investigations demonstrated that induction of apoptosis by CYLD knockdown was caused by upregulation of receptorinteracting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) that was associated with elevated K63-linked polyubiquitination of the protein, indicating that CYLD is critical for controlling RIPK1 expression in these cells. Of note, microRNA (miR) profiling showed that miR-99b-3p that was predicted to target the 3 -untranslated region (3 -UTR) of the CYLD mRNA was reduced in melanoma cell lines with high levels of CYLD compared with melanocyte lines. Further functional studies confirmed that the reduction in miR-99b-3p expression was responsible for the increased expression of CYLD in a highly cell line-specific manner. Taken together, these results reveal an unexpected role of CYLD in promoting survival of a subset of melanoma cells and uncover the heterogeneity of CYLD expression and its biological significance in melanoma.

Keywords


Cite This Article

APA Style
La, T., Jin, L., Liu, X.Y., Song, Z.H., Farrelly, M. et al. (2020). Cylindromatosis is required for survival of a subset of melanoma. Oncology Research, 28(4), 385-398. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15861709922491
Vancouver Style
La T, Jin L, Liu XY, Song ZH, Farrelly M, Feng YC, et al. Cylindromatosis is required for survival of a subset of melanoma. Oncol Res. 2020;28(4):385-398 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15861709922491
IEEE Style
T. La et al., "Cylindromatosis Is Required for Survival of a Subset of Melanoma," Oncol. Res., vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 385-398. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504020X15861709922491



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 532

    View

  • 394

    Download

  • 0

    Like

Share Link