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The effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling on PD-1/PDL-1 axis in HPV-related cervical cancer

PARISA SHIRI AGHBASH1,2,4, NIMA HEMMAT1, BEHZAD BARADARAN1,3, AHAD MOKHTARZADEH1, VAHDAT POORTAHMASEBI2,4, MAHIN AHANGAR OSKUEE2,4, HOSSEIN BANNAZADEH BAGHI1,2,4,*

1 Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5165665931, Iran
2 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5165665931, Iran
3 Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5165665931, Iran
4 Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 5165665931, Iran

* Corresponding Author: HOSSEIN BANNAZADEH BAGHI. Email: email

Oncology Research 2022, 30(3), 99-116. https://doi.org/10.32604/or.2022.026776

Abstract

Infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), including HPV-16 and HPV-18, is the main cause of malignancies, such as cervical cancer. Viral oncoproteins encoded by HPV are expressed in HPV-positive cancers and associated with the early cancer stages and the transformation of normal cells. The signaling pathways involved in the transformation of normal cells to cancerous form and the subsequently expressed programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) on the surface of the transformed cells lead to a disruption in recognition of tumor cells by the immune cell system, including T lymphocytes and dendritic cells which lead to the development of cervical cancer malignancy. These cells also produce modest levels of cytokines during exhaustion, tumor-infiltrating T CD4+ cells with high levels of PD-1 and CD39 release considerable quantities of cytokines. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which controls the expression of genes involved in the tumor cells’ markers, is demonstrated to be one of the most potent cancer stimulants. It leads to the evasion of the tumor cells from immune cell detection and ultimately avoids being recognized by dendritic cells or T-cells. PD-L1, as an inhibitory immune checkpoint, is essential for controlling immune system activity by inhibiting T-cells’ inflammatory function. In the present review, we looked into how Wnt/β-catenin affects the expression of PD-L1 and related genes like c-MYC in cancer cells and its role in the development of HPV-induced malignancy. We hypothesized that blocking these pathways could be a potential immunotherapy and cancer prevention method.

Graphical Abstract

The effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling on PD-1/PDL-1 axis in HPV-related cervical cancer

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Cite This Article

AGHBASH, P. S., HEMMAT, N., BARADARAN, B., MOKHTARZADEH, A., POORTAHMASEBI, V. et al. (2022). The effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling on PD-1/PDL-1 axis in HPV-related cervical cancer. Oncology Research, 30(3), 99–116.



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