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Nanotechnology-Based Advancements in Postharvest Management of Horticultural Crops

Tarun Kumar Upadhyay1,*, V. S. Varun Kumar2, Amit Baran Sharangi3, Vijay J. Upadhye1, Fahad Khan4, Pratibha Pandey4, Mohammad Amjad Kamal5,6,7, Abrar Yasin Baba8 and Khalid Rehman Hakeem9,*
1 Department of Biotechnology, Parul Institute of Applied Sciences and Centre of Research for Development, Parul University, Vadodara, 391760, India
2 Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, Phagwara, 144402, India
3 Department of Plantation, Spices, Medicinal & Aromatic Crops, BCKV-Agricultural University, Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal, 741252, India
4 Department of Biotechnology, Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology, Greater, Noida, 201306, India
5 West China School of Nursing/Institutes for Systems Genetics, Frontiers Science Center for Disease-Related Molecular Network, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China
6 King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
7 Enzymoics; Novel Global Community Educational Foundation, Sydney, 201101, Australia
8 Department of Plant Sciences, Mettu University-Bedele College of Agriculture and Forestry, Bedele Campus, Bedele, 318, Ethiopia
9 Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, 21589, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Authors: Khalid Rehman Hakeem. Email: kur.hakeem@gmail.com; Tarun Kumar Upadhyay. Email: tarun_bioinfo@yahoo.co.in

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2022.017258

Received 26 April 2021; Accepted 06 August 2021; Published online 28 September 2021

Abstract

Horticulture is a branch of Agricultural science where it is defined as the science and art of cultivating and handling fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants and several plants having unique medicinal and aromatic values. Horticultural crops provide farmers with high income and have good export quality, but they have a concern about postharvest losses. Hence, increasing productivity and decreasing post-harvest losses by using scientific studies and techniques like biotechnology and nanotechnology could be the simplest possible solution to the above-mentioned problems. Using nanotechnology which is having the characteristics of nanoparticles is proven to be very useful in science and technological applications. Nanotechnology-based formulations increase the product quality and the shelf life of horticultural products and provide multiple ways of inhibiting the growth and development of microorganisms. It is precisely a new edible packaging coverage (film) that controls the exchange of gases and prevents damage from harmful rays such as ultraviolet radiation to a greater extent. Increasing strength by using nano biosensors for labeling products is considered a fundamental process to automated control of storage products. Postharvest rotting of vegetables is recognized to be an oxidative reaction and microbial deterioration as well. This review will address all such nanotechnology-based advancements for minimizing post-harvest losses of horticultural crops and enhancing the socio-economical progress of growers in particular.

Keywords

Nanotechnology; horticultural crops; post-harvest; fruits; vegetables
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