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Biosynthesis of proline in fruits of green bean plants: deficiency versus toxicity of nitrogen

Sánchez E1, G Ávila-Quezada1, AA Gardea1, JM Ruiz2, L Romero2

Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Av. 4ta. Sur 3820, Fracc. Vencedores del Desierto. Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. México. 33089. Tel.: + 52 (639) 4748400. Fax: +52 (639) 4748704.
Departamento de Fisiología Vegetal, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Granada,18071-Granada, España.
Address Correspondence to: Esteban Sánchez, Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. Av. 4ta. Sur 3820, Fracc. Vencedores del Desierto. Cd. Delicias, Chihuahua. México. 33089. Tel.: + 52 (639) 4748400. Fax: +52 (639) 4748704. e-mail esteban@ciad.mx

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2007, 76(all), 143-152. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2007.76.143

Abstract

The objective of this work was to determine the effect of deficiency versus toxicity of N on biosynthesis of proline in fruits of green bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Strike). Nitrogen was applied to the nutritive solution in the form of NH4NO3 at 1.5 mM (N1), 3.0 mM (N2), 6.0 mM (N3, optimal level), 12.0 mM (N4), 18.0 mM (N5), and 24.0 mM (N6). Nitrogen deficiency (N1 and N2) was characterized by having lower proline accumulation in pods and seeds, mainly because proline degradation was stimulated by the enzyme proline dehydrogenase. On the other hand, N toxicity (N4, N5, and N6) was characterized for accumulation of greater amounts of proline in pods and seeds due primarily to the greater activity of the enzyme ornitine-δ-aminotransferase. These results suggest a predominance of the ornithine over the glutamine pathway. Under our experimental conditions, proline can be defined as a good bioindicator of N excess in green bean plants. The accumulation of proline in both organs (pods and seeds) is also considered a good bioindicator of N toxicity in the study plant species.

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APA Style
E, S., Ávila-Quezada, G., Gardea, A., Ruiz, J., Romero, L. (2007). Biosynthesis of proline in fruits of green bean plants: deficiency versus toxicity of nitrogen. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 76(all), 143-152. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2007.76.143
Vancouver Style
E S, Ávila-Quezada G, Gardea A, Ruiz J, Romero L. Biosynthesis of proline in fruits of green bean plants: deficiency versus toxicity of nitrogen. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2007;76(all):143-152 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2007.76.143
IEEE Style
S. E, G. Ávila-Quezada, A. Gardea, J. Ruiz, and L. Romero "Biosynthesis of proline in fruits of green bean plants: deficiency versus toxicity of nitrogen," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 76, no. all, pp. 143-152. 2007. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2007.76.143

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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