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Effect of humic acids from Leonardite on the stability of soil aggregates and melon roots under greenhouse conditions

Gutiérrez C JL1, G González C2, MA Segura C3, I Sánchez C2, JA Orozco V3, M Fortis H3
1 Estudiante MCs en Suelos DEPI Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón. Carretera Torreón-San pedro Km. 75 Ejido Ana. Torreón, Coahuila, México.
2 Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Relación Agua Suelo Planta Atmósfera (CENID-RASPA) Km. 6.5 margen derecha canal Sacramento, Gómez Palacio, Durango, México.
3 DEPI Instituto Tecnológico de Torreón. Carretera Torreón-San pedro Km. 75 Ejido Ana. Torreón, Coahuila, México.
* Corresponding Authors:Address Correspondence to: Dr. Guillermo González Cervantes; e-mail: ; Ing. José Arturo Carrillo Gutiérrez, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(2), 298-305. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.298

Abstract

Leonardite is an oxidized form of lignite carbon, which is obtained from fossilized organic materials. Such materials are used for the extraction of humic acids (HA). The result of the addition of HA of organic origin on soil structure is known; however, the effects of adding HA of Leonardite on soil structure have been scarcely investigated. The objectives of this research were (1) to determine the influence of humic acids derived from Leonardite in increasing the aggregate stability of an Aridisol under greenhouse conditions, and (2) evaluate the morphology of the root xylem during the phenological development of melon plants (Cucumis melo L.). Three treatments of HA solution application to the soil were used: soil without solution application (HA0), and application of HA solution to the soil with pH 6 (HA6) or (HA7). Aggregate stability (As) and bulk density (Da) were evaluated as soil variables. Development and quantification of xylem area were studied on plants. There were significant differences in aggregate stability. Also, there was an increase in the root xylem area, and the best treatment was when AH7 solution was applied. Humic acids derived from Leonardite increased the stability of soil aggregates when plants grew under greenhouse conditions, and fostered the development of xylem conduits during the fruiting stage.

Keywords

Humic substances, Organic amendments, Soil structure.

Cite This Article

JL, G. C., C, G. G., C, M. S., C, I. S., V, J. O. et al. (2015). Effect of humic acids from Leonardite on the stability of soil aggregates and melon roots under greenhouse conditions. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(2), 298–305.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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