Table of Content

Open Access

ARTICLE

In vitro evaluation of antifungal activity of Agave (Agave scabra, Salm Dyck) extracts against post-harvest mushrooms

González-Álvarez M, S Moreno-Limón*, SM Salcedo-Martínez, EC Pérez-Rodríguez
Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, San Nicolás de los Garza, N.L., México. 66450.
* Corresponding Author:Address Correspondence to: Sergio Moreno-Limón, e-mail:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2015, 84(2), 427-434. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2015.84.427

Abstract

The agricultural sector, and particularly the horticultural production, has a singular importance in agriculture, considering that it ranks second on agricultural products, nationally and worldwide. Fungal diseases are one of the major causes of vegetable loss during storage, reducing their nutritional value, quality and sale price. Vegetables are usually exposed to diverse treatments with chemical products before storage; as a result, fungal populations develop an increased resistance over time becoming more difficult to control. Because of this, research efforts toward finding more suitable chemicals to control fungal diseases are needed. Natural extracts may be an alternative solve this problem. In the present investigation the fungicidal activity of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Agave scabra was evaluated on the growth of Botrytis cinerea, Mucor sp., Aspergillus niger, Fusarium sp. and Penicillium sp., whose strains were isolated from potato and tomato. To assess their effects, the agar-dilution and agar-well techniques were performed. The ethanol extract was more effective against Botrytis cinerea and Mucor sp. when the agar-well method was used. However, when using the agar-dilution method the ethanol extract of Agave scabra inhibited the growth of Botrytis cinerea, Mucor sp. and Penicillium sp.

Keywords

Botrytis cinerea, Vegetable fungal diseases, Postharvest damage, Agave scabra extracts.

Cite This Article

M, G., Moreno-Limón, S., Salcedo-Martínez, S., Pérez-Rodríguez, E. (2015). In vitro evaluation of antifungal activity of Agave (Agave scabra, Salm Dyck) extracts against post-harvest mushrooms. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 84(2), 427–434.

Citations




This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1026

    View

  • 613

    Download

  • 1

    Like

Share Link

WeChat scan