Vol.88, No.2, 2019, pp.149-159, doi:10.32604/phyton.2019.05053
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ARTICLE
Changes in Anatomical Features and Protein Pattern of Sunflower Partially Resistant and Susceptible Lines During Infection By Virulence Factors of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum
  • Maryam Monazzah1, Sattar Tahmasebi Enferadi1,*, Zohre Rabiei1 and Alessandro Mattiello2
1 Department of Plant Molecular Biotechnology, Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, PO Box 14925/16, Iran.
2 Department of Agri-Food, Animal and Environmental Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.
Abstract
Helianthus annuus L. as an oil seed crop is widely grown throughout the world. One of the most destructive diseases of sunflower is stem rot caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Oxalic acid is the major virulence factor of this necrotrophic pathogen. It is important to further investigate plant responses to this non-specific toxin. Therefore, in the present study, we compared the patterns of total soluble proteins and xylem morphology of partially resistant and susceptible sunflower lines after treatment with Sclerotinia culture filtrate. The basal stems of both lines were treated with 40 mM oxalic acid (pH 3.7) of fungus culture filtrate and samples were collected at 24, 48 and 72 hours post treatment. In SDS-PAGE protein pattern new protein bands appeared in both lines after treatment. These observations suggest induction of stress-related proteins upon culture filtrate treatment. The identities of these new proteins need to be more clarify in future investigations. The changes in xylem morphology and degree of lignification of both lines was studied by light microscopy and microtome sectioning techniques after treatment with S. sclerotiorum culture filtrate. Anatomical investigations revealed changes in xylem diameter and xylem lignification of treated lines at various time points. More lignin deposition in xylem vessels of partially resistant line has been observed after treatment. In addition, the size of xylem vessels in partially resistant line has been sharply decreased upon pathogen filtrate treatment. The results of this study will help us gain a more complete understanding of resistance mechanisms to this cosmopolitan and devastating pathogen.
Keywords
Microtome; Xylem; Helianthus annuus; Sclerotinia sclerotiorum; Stem rot
Cite This Article
Monazzah, M., Enferadi, S. T., Rabiei, Z. (2019). Changes in Anatomical Features and Protein Pattern of Sunflower Partially Resistant and Susceptible Lines During Infection By Virulence Factors of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 88(2), 149–159.
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