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Amylose Content and Starch Granule Size in Rice Grains are Affected By Growing Season

Hengdong Zhang1, Min Huang1,*, YingjuanWei2, Jiana Chen1, Shuanglü Shan1, Fangbo Cao1, Guanghui Chen1, Yingbin Zou1

1 Crop and Environment Research Center for Human Health, College of Agronomy, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.
2 Hunan Agricultural Product Processing Institute, Changsha, 410125, China.

* Corresponding Author: Min Huang. Email: email.

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2019, 88(4), 403-412. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2019.07371

Abstract

Amylose content and starch granule size in grains influence rice quality, which differs between the early (ES) and late season (LS). The objective of this study was to determine the variation of amylose content and starch granule size between seasons and find the main reasons (e.g., temperature and solar radiation) for the observed variation. Field experiments with six rice varieties (three high and three low amylose content rice) planted in the ES and LS were conducted in 2016 and 2017, respectively. The mean temperatures during the filling stage were higher in ES, however, the daily temperatures at 7-10 days after flowering (DAF) in 2016, and at 5-10, 13-14 DAF in 2017 were higher in LS. The results showed that amylose content in LS was lower than in ES with high amylose content rice varieties (HACV); the opposite trend occurred with low amylose content rice varieties (LACV). The mean starch granule diameter was higher in LS than ES in 2016, but the opposite result occurred in 2017 with all rice. Our results suggest that higher temperatures increased and decreased the amylose content in HACV and LACV, respectively. Temperatures at 5-15 DAF were important for the formation of starch granules: lower temperatures during 10-14 DAF increased the proportion of larger starch granules (d>6.21 μm, some with d>13.3 μm), and higher temperatures at 5-6 DAF increased the proportion of starch granules with diameter 4.24-6.21 μm.

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Zhang, H., Huang, M., , Y., Chen, J., Shan, S. et al. (2019). Amylose Content and Starch Granule Size in Rice Grains are Affected By Growing Season. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 88(4), 403–412.

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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