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4-Hydroxy-2-Oxoglutaric Acid, A Key Metabolite Involved in Trypsin-Regulation of Arginine Metabolism in Hylocereus undatus during Storage

Bairu Li1, Jingyu Jia1, Hemin Wang1, Jiaju Sun1, Enyan Chen1, Xin Li1,2,3,*

1 College of Food and Bioengineering, Henan University of Science and Technology, Luoyang, 471023, China
2 Henan Engineering Research Center of Food Microbiology, Luoyang, 471023, China
3 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Food Processing and Safety Education, Luoyang, 471000, China

* Corresponding Author: Xin Li. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Multi-omics Approach to Understand Plant Stress Tolerance)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(5), 885-900. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050450

Abstract

Trypsin, a novel superoxide scavenger, significantly enhances the storage quality of Hylocereus undatus (H. undatus). To elucidate the preservation mechanism of trypsin on H. undatus, a widely targeted metabolomic analysis, and transcriptomics analysis were conducted. Firstly, a total of 453 metabolites were identified, with organic acids and their derivatives constituting the largest proportion (25%). Amino acids and their metabolites, prominent among organic acids, were further analyzed. Among them, 73 metabolites were associated with amino acids, and 37 exhibited significant differences. The most enriched Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway was arginine biosynthesis (map00220), with polyamine metabolites showing the most pronounced differences, particularly spermine (FC = 1.7594). Compared with the control group, 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid was significantly upregulated (FC = 2.117) in the process of spermine biosynthesis. Furthermore, the results of Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis of the H. undatus transcriptome profile revealed that trypsin treatment led to 187 differentially expressed genes associated with arginine. Both GO and KEGG analyses exhibited significant enrichment in the spermine biosynthetic process (GO:0006597) (map:00220) within the arginine biosynthesis pathway. Moreover, most enzymes and metabolites within the spermine biosynthesis pathway in H. undatus were upregulated. The results of the PPI network highlighted that ADC, SPDS, and SAMDC, among others, were pivotal proteins involved in trypsin-regulated arginine metabolism and spermine synthesis. This study revealed that trypsin could significantly delay postharvest senescence of H. undatus at room temperature. This effect might be attributed to trypsin triggering the synthesis of 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid in the fruit peel, thereby promoting the biosynthesis of spermine and other polyamines.

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APA Style
Li, B., Jia, J., Wang, H., Sun, J., Chen, E. et al. (2024). 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid, A key metabolite involved in trypsin-regulation of arginine metabolism in hylocereus undatus during storage. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(5), 885-900. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050450
Vancouver Style
Li B, Jia J, Wang H, Sun J, Chen E, Li X. 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutaric acid, A key metabolite involved in trypsin-regulation of arginine metabolism in hylocereus undatus during storage. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(5):885-900 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050450
IEEE Style
B. Li, J. Jia, H. Wang, J. Sun, E. Chen, and X. Li "4-Hydroxy-2-Oxoglutaric Acid, A Key Metabolite Involved in Trypsin-Regulation of Arginine Metabolism in Hylocereus undatus during Storage," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 885-900. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.050450



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