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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Approach for COVID-19 Detection Using Biogeography-Based Optimization and Deep Learning

    K. Venkatachalam1, Siuly Siuly2, M. Vinoth Kumar3, Praveen Lalwani1, Manas Kumar Mishra1, Enamul Kabir4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 3717-3732, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018487

    Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has created a major challenge for countries all over the world and has placed tremendous pressure on their public health care services. An early diagnosis of COVID-19 may reduce the impact of the coronavirus. To achieve this objective, modern computation methods, such as deep learning, may be applied. In this study, a computational model involving deep learning and biogeography-based optimization (BBO) for early detection and management of COVID-19 is introduced. Specifically, BBO is used for the layer selection process in the proposed convolutional neural network (CNN). The computational model accepts images, such More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Covid-19 Detection from Chest X-Ray Images Using Advanced Deep Learning Techniques

    Shubham Mahajan1,*, Akshay Raina2, Mohamed Abouhawwash3,4, Xiao-Zhi Gao5, Amit Kant Pandit1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1541-1556, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.019496

    Abstract Like the Covid-19 pandemic, smallpox virus infection broke out in the last century, wherein 500 million deaths were reported along with enormous economic loss. But unlike smallpox, the Covid-19 recorded a low exponential infection rate and mortality rate due to advancement in medical aid and diagnostics. Data analytics, machine learning, and automation techniques can help in early diagnostics and supporting treatments of many reported patients. This paper proposes a robust and efficient methodology for the early detection of COVID-19 from Chest X-Ray scans utilizing enhanced deep learning techniques. Our study suggests that using the Prediction More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automated COVID-19 Detection Based on Single-Image Super-Resolution and CNN Models

    Walid El-Shafai1, Anas M. Ali1,2, El-Sayed M. El-Rabaie1, Naglaa F. Soliman3,*, Abeer D. Algarni3, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.70, No.1, pp. 1141-1157, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.018547

    Abstract In developing countries, medical diagnosis is expensive and time consuming. Hence, automatic diagnosis can be a good cheap alternative. This task can be performed with artificial intelligence tools such as deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). These tools can be used on medical images to speed up the diagnosis process and save the efforts of specialists. The deep CNNs allow direct learning from the medical images. However, the accessibility of classified data is still the largest challenge, particularly in the field of medical imaging. Transfer learning can deliver an effective and promising solution by transferring knowledge… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Method for Covid-19 Detection Using Light Weight Convolutional Neural Network

    Saddam Bekhet1,*, Monagi H. Alkinani2, Reinel Tabares-Soto3, M. Hassaballah4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2475-2491, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.018514

    Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic is a significant milestone in the modern history of civilization with a catastrophic effect on global wellbeing and monetary. The situation is very complex as the COVID-19 test kits are limited, therefore, more diagnostic methods must be developed urgently. A significant initial step towards the successful diagnosis of the COVID-19 is the chest X-ray or Computed Tomography (CT), where any chest anomalies (e.g., lung inflammation) can be easily identified. Most hospitals possess X-ray or CT imaging equipments that can be used for early detection of COVID-19. Motivated by this, various artificial intelligence… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Machine Learning Approach for COVID-19 Detection on Twitter

    Samina Amin1,*, M. Irfan Uddin1, Heyam H. Al-Baity2, M. Ali Zeb1, M. Abrar Khan1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.2, pp. 2231-2247, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016896

    Abstract Social networking services (SNSs) provide massive data that can be a very influential source of information during pandemic outbreaks. This study shows that social media analysis can be used as a crisis detector (e.g., understanding the sentiment of social media users regarding various pandemic outbreaks). The novel Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19), commonly known as coronavirus, has affected everyone worldwide in 2020. Streaming Twitter data have revealed the status of the COVID-19 outbreak in the most affected regions. This study focuses on identifying COVID-19 patients using tweets without requiring medical records to find the COVID-19 pandemic in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Enhanced Convolutional Neural Network for COVID-19 Detection

    Sameer I. Ali Al-Janabi1, Belal Al-Khateeb2,*, Maha Mahmood2, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.28, No.2, pp. 293-303, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.014419

    Abstract The recent novel coronavirus (COVID-19, as the World Health Organization has called it) has proven to be a source of risk for global public health. The virus, which causes an acute respiratory disease in persons, spreads rapidly and is now threatening more than 150 countries around the world. One of the essential procedures that patients with COVID-19 need is an accurate and rapid screening process. In this research, utilizing the features of deep learning methods, we present a method for detecting COVID-19 and a screening model that uses pulmonary computed tomography images to differentiate COVID-19 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CNN Ensemble Approach to Detect COVID-19 from Computed Tomography Chest Images

    Haikel Alhichri*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.3, pp. 3581-3599, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.015399

    Abstract In January 2020, the World Health Organization declared a global health emergency concerning the spread of a new coronavirus disease, which was later named COVID-19. Early and fast diagnosis and isolation of COVID-19 patients have proven to be instrumental in limiting the spread of the disease. Computed tomography (CT) is a promising imaging method for fast diagnosis of COVID-19. In this study, we develop a unique preprocessing step to resize CT chest images to a fixed size (256 × 256 pixels) that preserves the aspect ratio and reduces image loss. Then, we present a deep… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning Approach for COVID-19 Detection in Computed Tomography Images

    Mohamad Mahmoud Al Rahhal1, Yakoub Bazi2,*, Rami M. Jomaa3, Mansour Zuair2, Naif Al Ajlan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.67, No.2, pp. 2093-2110, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.014956

    Abstract With the rapid spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide, the establishment of an accurate and fast process to diagnose the disease is important. The routine real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) test that is currently used does not provide such high accuracy or speed in the screening process. Among the good choices for an accurate and fast test to screen COVID-19 are deep learning techniques. In this study, a new convolutional neural network (CNN) framework for COVID-19 detection using computed tomography (CT) images is proposed. The EfficientNet architecture is applied as the backbone… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Classification–Detection Approach of COVID-19 Based on Chest X-ray and CT by Using Keras Pre-Trained Deep Learning Models

    Xing Deng1,2, Haijian Shao1,2,*, Liang Shi3, Xia Wang4,5, Tongling Xie6

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.125, No.2, pp. 579-596, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.011920

    Abstract The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is wreaking havoc around the world, bring out that the enormous pressure on national health and medical staff systems. One of the most effective and critical steps in the fight against COVID-19, is to examine the patient’s lungs based on the Chest X-ray and CT generated by radiation imaging. In this paper, five keras-related deep learning models: ResNet50, InceptionResNetV2, Xception, transfer learning and pre-trained VGGNet16 is applied to formulate an classification–detection approaches of COVID-19. Two benchmark methods SVM (Support Vector Machine), CNN (Convolutional Neural Networks) are provided to compare with More >

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