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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Renewable Polymers in Biomedical Applications: From the Bench to the Market

    Rauany Cristina Lopes1, Tamires Nossa2, Wilton Rogério Lustri1, Gabriel Lombardo3,4,5, Maria Inés Errea3,4, Eliane Trovatti1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 643-666, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.048957

    Abstract Polymers from renewable resources have been used for a long time in biomedical applications and found an irreplaceable role in some of them. Their uses have been increasing because of their attractive properties, contributing to the improvement of life quality, mainly in drug release systems and in regenerative medicine. Formulations using natural polymer, nano and microscale particles preparation, composites, blends and chemical modification strategies have been used to improve their properties for clinical application. Although many studies have been carried out with these natural polymers, the way to reach the market is long and only More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comprehensive Analysis of the Thermo-Chemical Properties of Sudanese Biomass for Sustainable Applications

    Wadah Mohammed1,2, Zeinab Osman2, Salah Elarabi3, Bertrand Charrier1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 721-736, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.031050

    Abstract The chemical composition and thermal properties of natural fibers are the most critical variables that determine the overall properties of the fibers and influence their processing and use in different sustainable applications, such as their conversion into bioenergy and biocomposites. Their thermal and mechanical properties can be estimated by evaluating the content of cellulose, lignin, and other extractives in the fibers. In this research work, the chemical composition and thermal properties of three fibers, namely bagasse, kenaf bast fibers, and cotton stalks, were evaluated to assess their potential utilization in producing biocomposites and bioenergy materials.… More >

  • Open Access

    CORRECTION

    Correction: Breast Calcifications and Histopathological Analysis on Tumour Detection by CNN

    D. Banumathy1,*, Osamah Ibrahim Khalaf2, Carlos Andrés Tavera Romero3, P. Vishnu Raja4, Dilip Kumar Sharma5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 863-866, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.053657

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Review of NILM Applications with Machine Learning Approaches

    Maheesha Dhashantha Silva*, Qi Liu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2971-2989, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.051289

    Abstract In recent years, Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) has become an emerging approach that provides affordable energy management solutions using aggregated load obtained from a single smart meter in the power grid. Furthermore, by integrating Machine Learning (ML), NILM can efficiently use electrical energy and offer less of a burden for the energy monitoring process. However, conducted research works have limitations for real-time implementation due to the practical issues. This paper aims to identify the contribution of ML approaches to developing a reliable Energy Management (EM) solution with NILM. Firstly, phases of the NILM are discussed,… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Federated Learning on Internet of Things: Extensive and Systematic Review

    Meenakshi Aggarwal1, Vikas Khullar1, Sunita Rani2, Thomas André Prola3,4,5, Shyama Barna Bhattacharjee6, Sarowar Morshed Shawon7, Nitin Goyal8,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1795-1834, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049846

    Abstract The proliferation of IoT devices requires innovative approaches to gaining insights while preserving privacy and resources amid unprecedented data generation. However, FL development for IoT is still in its infancy and needs to be explored in various areas to understand the key challenges for deployment in real-world scenarios. The paper systematically reviewed the available literature using the PRISMA guiding principle. The study aims to provide a detailed overview of the increasing use of FL in IoT networks, including the architecture and challenges. A systematic review approach is used to collect, categorize and analyze FL-IoT-based articles.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design Pattern and Challenges of Federated Learning with Applications in Industrial Control System

    Hina Batool1, Jiuyun Xu1,*, Ateeq Ur Rehman2, Habib Hamam3,4,5,6

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.6, pp. 105-128, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jai.2024.049912

    Abstract Federated Learning (FL) appeared as an encouraging approach for handling decentralized data. Creating a FL system needs both machine learning (ML) knowledge and thinking about how to design system software. Researchers have focused a lot on the ML side of FL, but have not paid enough attention to designing the software architecture. So, in this survey, a set of design patterns is described to tackle the design issues. Design patterns are like reusable solutions for common problems that come up when designing software architecture. This paper focuses on (1) design patterns such as architectures, frameworks,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Upper and Lower Bounds of the α-Universal Triple I Method for Unified Interval Implications

    Yiming Tang1,2, Jianwei Gao1,*, Yifan Huang1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1063-1088, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049341

    Abstract The α-universal triple I (α-UTI) method is a recognized scheme in the field of fuzzy reasoning, which was proposed by our research group previously. The robustness of fuzzy reasoning determines the quality of reasoning algorithms to a large extent, which is quantified by calculating the disparity between the output of fuzzy reasoning with interference and the output without interference. Therefore, in this study, the interval robustness (embodied as the interval stability) of the α-UTI method is explored in the interval-valued fuzzy environment. To begin with, the stability of the α-UTI method is explored for the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    On Multi-Granulation Rough Sets with Its Applications

    Radwan Abu-Gdairi1, R. Mareay2,*, M. Badr3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1025-1038, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048647

    Abstract Recently, much interest has been given to multi-granulation rough sets (MGRS), and various types of MGRS models have been developed from different viewpoints. In this paper, we introduce two techniques for the classification of MGRS. Firstly, we generate multi-topologies from multi-relations defined in the universe. Hence, a novel approximation space is established by leveraging the underlying topological structure. The characteristics of the newly proposed approximation space are discussed. We introduce an algorithm for the reduction of multi-relations. Secondly, a new approach for the classification of MGRS based on neighborhood concepts is introduced. Finally, a real-life More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Cybersecurity Algorithm for Digital Image Transmission over Advanced Communication Channel Models

    Naglaa F. Soliman1, Fatma E. Fadl-Allah2, Walid El-Shafai3,4,*, Mahmoud I. Aly2, Maali Alabdulhafith1, Fathi E. Abd El-Samie1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 201-241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046757

    Abstract The efficient transmission of images, which plays a large role in wireless communication systems, poses a significant challenge in the growth of multimedia technology. High-quality images require well-tuned communication standards. The Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access (SC-FDMA) is adopted for broadband wireless communications, because of its low sensitivity to carrier frequency offsets and low Peak-to-Average Power Ratio (PAPR). Data transmission through open-channel networks requires much concentration on security, reliability, and integrity. The data need a space away from unauthorized access, modification, or deletion. These requirements are to be fulfilled by digital image watermarking and… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Review of Collocation Methods and Applications in Solving Science and Engineering Problems

    Weiwu Jiang1, Xiaowei Gao1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 41-76, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048313

    Abstract The collocation method is a widely used numerical method for science and engineering problems governed by partial differential equations. This paper provides a comprehensive review of collocation methods and their applications, focused on elasticity, heat conduction, electromagnetic field analysis, and fluid dynamics. The merits of the collocation method can be attributed to the need for element mesh, simple implementation, high computational efficiency, and ease in handling irregular domain problems since the collocation method is a type of node-based numerical method. Beginning with the fundamental principles of the collocation method, the discretization process in the continuous… More >

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