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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Potentially Suitable Area and Change Trends of Tulipa iliensis under Climate Change

    Douwen Qin1,2, Weiqiang Liu1,2, Jiting Tian1,2, Xiuting Ju1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.5, pp. 981-1005, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049668

    Abstract Tulipa iliensis, as a wild plant resource, possesses high ornamental value and can provide abundant parental materials for tulip breeding. The objective of this research was to forecast the worldwide geographical spread of Tulipa iliensis by considering bioclimatic, soil, and topographic variables, the findings of this research can act as a benchmark for the conservation, management, and utilization of Tulipa iliensis as a wild plant resource. Research results indicate that all 12 models have an area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) values greater than 0.968 for the paleoclimatic, current, and future climate scenarios,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unexpected Diversity in Ecosystem Nutrient Responses to Experimental Drought in Temperate Grasslands

    Biying Qiu1,2, Niwu Te2, Lin Song2, Yuan Shi2, Chuan Qiu2, Xiaoan Zuo3, Qiang Yu4, Jianqiang Qian5, Zhengwen Wang2, Honghui Wu6,7, Wentao Luo2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.4, pp. 831-841, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047560

    Abstract The responses of ecosystem nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) to drought are an important component of global change studies. However, previous studies were more often based on site-specific experiments, introducing a significant uncertainty to synthesis and site comparisons. We investigated the responses of vegetation and soil nutrients to drought using a network experiment of temperate grasslands in Northern China. Drought treatment (66% reduction in growing season precipitation) was imposed by erecting rainout shelters, respectively, at the driest, intermediate, and wettest sites. We found that vegetation nutrient concentrations increased but soil nutrient concentrations decreased along the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Bibliometric Analysis Unveils Valuable Insights into the Past, Present, and Future Dynamics of Plant Acclimation to Temperature

    Yong Cui, Yongju Zhao, Shengnan Ouyang, Changchang Shao, Liangliang Li, Honglang Duan*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 291-312, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047281

    Abstract Plant temperature acclimation is closely related to maintaining a positive carbon gain under future climate change. However, no systematic summary of the field has been conducted. Based on this, we analyzed data on plant temperature acclimation from the Web of Science Core Collection database using bibliometric software R, RStudio and VOSviewer. Our study demonstrated that a stabilized upward trajectory was noted in publications (298 papers) from 1986 to 2011, followed by a swift growth (373 papers) from 2012 to 2022. The most impactful journals were Plant Cell and Environment, boasting the greatest count of worldwide citations… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Seed Priming and Foliar Supplementation with β-aminobutyric Acid Alleviates Drought Stress through Mitigation of Oxidative Stress and Enhancement of Antioxidant Defense in Linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)

    Tauqeer Ahmad Yasir1,2, Muhammad Ateeq1,3, Allah Wasaya1,2,*, Mubshar Hussain2, Naeem Sarwar2, Khuram Mubeen4, Mudassir Aziz4, Muhammad Aamir Iqbal5, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga6, Ibrahim Al-Ashkar7, Md Atikur Rahman8, Ayman El Sabagh9,10,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.11, pp. 3113-3131, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029502

    Abstract Drought is one of the critical limitations to agricultural soils and crop plants. Scarcity of water is increasing due to climate change that lead to increasing threats to global food security. Therefore, ecofriendly and cost effective strategies are highly desirable for mitigating drought stress along with sustainable and smart agricultural production. The aim of the study was to mitigate DS using seed priming and exogenous supplementation of β-aminobutyric acid (BABA) in linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.). Different doses (0, 50, 100 and 150 µM) of BABA were used for seed priming agent and foliar spraying under three… More >

  • Open Access

    EDITORIAL

    Sustainable Development of Energy Systems and Climate Systems: Key Issues and Perspectives

    Bing Wang1,2,*, Lu Li1, Xinru Jiang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.8, pp. 1763-1773, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027846

    Abstract Climate change and energy security issues are prominent challenges in current energy system management, which should be governed synergistically due to the feedback relationships between them. The “Energy Systems Management and Climate Change” Special Collection Issue in the journal of Energy Engineering provide insights into the field of energy systems management and climate change. From an extended perspective, this study discusses the key issues, research methods and models for energy system management and climate change research. Comprehensive and accurate prediction of energy supply and demand, the evaluation on the energy system resilience to climate change More > Graphic Abstract

    Sustainable Development of Energy Systems and Climate Systems: Key Issues and Perspectives

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Modelling and Optimization of Clean and Affordable Electricity Solution for Small-Scale Savings and Credit Cooperatives (SACCOs)

    Xiaomei Lin1, Samuel Bimenyimana2,*, Chen Wang2, Godwin Norense Osarumwensa Asemota3,4, Jeanne Paula Ihirwe5, Aphrodis Nduwamungu3, Etienne Ntagwirumugara6, Athanase Gace6, Changfu Yuan7, Yaowen Chen7, Changtai Li8, Shilpi Bora9, YiYi Mo10, Jiyu Lai11, Mabao Wu7, Yong Tang12, Merit M. Huang13

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.4, pp. 791-810, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.026746

    Abstract Renewable energy exploitation is among the development strategies set by the government of Rwanda on the roadmap to 2023/2024 universal electricity access and the United Nations plans by 2030. Numerous previous studies on clean energy technologies in Rwanda have mostly focused on households’ usage but there are currently no studies describing the feasibility of clean energy technologies for financial institutions. The skepticism on renewable energy in Africa was previously reported by some personnel. Having realized that most SACCOs (Savings and Credit Co-Operatives) in Rwanda use diesel technology for backup/emergency electricity supply, taking consideration of abundant… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Machine Learning-Based Threatened Species Translocation Under Climate Vulnerability

    Nandhi Kesavan*, Latha

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 327-337, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.030910

    Abstract Climate change is the most serious causes and has a direct impact on biodiversity. According to the world’s biodiversity conservation organization, reptile species are most affected since their biological and ecological qualities are directly linked to climate. Due to a lack of time frame in existing works, conservation adoption affects the performance of existing works. The proposed research presents a knowledge-driven Decision Support System (DSS) including the assisted translocation to adapt to future climate change to conserving from its extinction. The Dynamic approach is used to develop a knowledge-driven DSS using machine learning by applying More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    CO2 and Cost-Based Optimum Design of Sustainable Metakaolin-Modified Concrete

    Xiaoyong Wang*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.9, pp. 2431-2450, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020829

    Abstract Metakaolin is a highly reactive pozzolanic material that is widely utilized for enhancing the performance of concrete. This study offers a framework for the mixture design of sustainable metakaolin-modified concrete with low CO2 emissions and low costs. Different design strengths after 28 days are first formulated, with values such as 30, 40, 50, and 60 MPa. A genetic algorithm is then used to determine the optimal mixtures. Minimized CO2 and cost are set as the aims of the genetic algorithm. The strength of the concrete, its workability (slump), and carbonation service life with climate change are set… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Characteristics of Climate Change in the Lake Basin Area of Gangcha County

    Wenzheng Yu1, Aodi Fu1, Li Shao2, Haitao Liu2, Xin Yao1,*, Tianliang Chen2, Hanxiaoya Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 363-379, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027009

    Abstract This paper mainly was based on the average temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind direction of Gangcha county from 1960 to 2013. By using wavelet analysis and Mann-Kendall (M-K) mutation analysis, specifically analyzed the climate change characteristics in the lake basin area of Gangcha county. The result showed that the climatic change in the lake basin area of Gangcha county is noticeable. The average temperature, average minimum temperature, average maximum temperature, and evaporation showed an increasing trend. But the evaporation in the study area was higher than precipitation. The average relative humidity showed a decreasing trend.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Wheat Breeding Strategies under Climate Change based on CERES-Wheat Model

    Jintao Cui1,2,*, Jihui Ding3, Sheng Deng4, Guangcheng Shao3, Weiguang Wang1,2, Xiaojun Wang5, Yesilekin Nebi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 6107-6118, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027611

    Abstract Climate change has inevitably had a negative impact on agricultural production and food security. Crop breeding improvement is an efficient option to adapt to future climate and increase grain production. To study the potential to provide valuable advice for breeding under climate change condition, the crop growth model was used as basis to investigate, the effects of the cultivar genotype parameters of the crop estimation through resource and environment synthesis-wheat (CERES-Wheat) model on yield under different climate scenarios. In this study, solar radiation had a positive effect on the yield of winter wheat, while the… More >

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