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Characteristics of Climate Change in the Lake Basin Area of Gangcha County

Wenzheng Yu1, Aodi Fu1, Li Shao2, Haitao Liu2, Xin Yao1,*, Tianliang Chen2, Hanxiaoya Zhang3

1 School of Geographical Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
2 School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing, 210044, China
3 Faculty of Science, The University of Auckland, 1010, New Zealand

* Corresponding Author: Xin Yao. Email: email

Computers, Materials & Continua 2022, 73(1), 363-379. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2022.027009

Abstract

This paper mainly was based on the average temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind direction of Gangcha county from 1960 to 2013. By using wavelet analysis and Mann-Kendall (M-K) mutation analysis, specifically analyzed the climate change characteristics in the lake basin area of Gangcha county. The result showed that the climatic change in the lake basin area of Gangcha county is noticeable. The average temperature, average minimum temperature, average maximum temperature, and evaporation showed an increasing trend. But the evaporation in the study area was higher than precipitation. The average relative humidity showed a decreasing trend. And the sunshine and the average wind speed percentage showed a significant decreasing trend. Utilizing the Morelet wavelet, The time series of annual mean temperature, annual evaporation and annual sunshine percentage all have quasi3a and quasi4A periods, and the annual mean precipitation has quasi2–3A, quasi2–5A and quasi2–6A periods, which appear in 1996–2005, 1962–1978 and 1978–1996 respectively. The mean annual relative humidity has obvious quasi2–7A and quasi3A time series, which appear from 1960 to 1996, 1997 to 2005 and after 2008, respectively. The annual mean wind speed has quasi3–4A and quasi5A time series characteristics, which appear in 1964–1967, 1984–1995, after 2009 and 1971–1983, respectively. Through Mann-Kendall (M-K) mutation analysis, it is found that the mutations of evaporation and the average speed of wind are significant. The mutation of evaporation started in 2004, and the mutation of average started in 2003.

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Cite This Article

W. Yu, A. Fu, L. Shao, H. Liu, X. Yao et al., "Characteristics of climate change in the lake basin area of gangcha county," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 73, no.1, pp. 363–379, 2022.



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