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The Application of BP Neural Networks to Analysis the National Vulnerability

Guodong Zhao1, Yuewei Zhang1, Yiqi Shi2, Haiyan Lan1,*, Qing Yang3
Harbin Engineering University, No. 145, Nantong Avenue, Nangang District, Harbin, 150001, China.
Harbin University of Commerce, No.138, Tongda Street, Daoli District, Harbin, 150028, China.
University of North Texas, 1155 Union Cir, Denton, 76207, USA.
* Corresponding Author: Haiyan Lan. Email: .

Computers, Materials & Continua 2019, 58(2), 421-436. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmc.2019.03782

Abstract

Climate change is the main factor affecting the country’s vulnerability, meanwhile, it is also a complicated and nonlinear dynamic system. In order to solve this complex problem, this paper first uses the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and natural breakpoint method (NBM) to implement an AHP-NBM comprehensive evaluation model to assess the national vulnerability. By using ArcGIS, national vulnerability scores are classified and the country’s vulnerability is divided into three levels: fragile, vulnerable, and stable. Then, a BP neural network prediction model which is based on multivariate linear regression is used to predict the critical point of vulnerability. The function of the critical point of vulnerability and time is established through multiple linear regression analysis to obtain the regression equation. And the proportion of each factor in the equation is established by using the partial least-squares regression to select the main factors affecting the country’s vulnerability, and using the neural network algorithm to perform the fitting. Lastly, the BP neural network prediction model is optimized by genetic algorithm to get the chaotic time series BP neural network prediction model. In order to verify the practicability of the model, Cambodia is selected to be an example to analyze the critical point of the national vulnerability index.

Keywords

Climate change, BP neural networks, national vulnerability, GA-BP.

Cite This Article

G. Zhao, Y. Zhang, Y. Shi, H. Lan and Q. Yang, "The application of bp neural networks to analysis the national vulnerability," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 58, no.2, pp. 421–436, 2019.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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