Home / Advanced Search

  • Title/Keywords

  • Author/Affliations

  • Journal

  • Article Type

  • Start Year

  • End Year

Update SearchingClear
  • Articles
  • Online
Search Results (340)
  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Weber Law Based Approach for Multi-Class Image Forgery Detection

    Arslan Akram1,3, Javed Rashid2,3,4, Arfan Jaffar1, Fahima Hajjej5, Waseem Iqbal6, Nadeem Sarwar7,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 145-166, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041074

    Abstract Today’s forensic science introduces a new research area for digital image analysis for multimedia security. So, Image authentication issues have been raised due to the wide use of image manipulation software to obtain an illegitimate benefit or create misleading publicity by using tempered images. Exiting forgery detection methods can classify only one of the most widely used Copy-Move and splicing forgeries. However, an image can contain one or more types of forgeries. This study has proposed a hybrid method for classifying Copy-Move and splicing images using texture information of images in the spatial domain. Firstly, images are divided into equal… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Dynamic Changes in Left and Right Cerebral Oxygen Saturation during Selective Cerebral Perfusion in Young Infants

    Hwa-Young Jang1, Sang-Jun Beon2, Sung-Hoon Kim1, In-Kyung Song1, Won-Jung Shin1,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.18, No.6, pp. 639-647, 2023, DOI:10.32604/chd.2023.030065

    Abstract Objectives: We investigated whether the selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) technique causes differences in changes in cerebral perfusion between both hemispheres in young infants, using cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO2) as an index. Further, we determined the association between the discrepancy in ScO2 and cerebral perfusion pressure during SCP. Methods: The difference in ScO2 between the left and right cerebral hemispheres (ΔScO2 Rt-Lt) was calculated during clamping of the innominate artery (IA) and during SCP. Results: In 25 infants (aged 2 to 78 days), the left and right ScO2 were well maintained (median 63.2% and 60.9% during IA clamping, respectively; 64.0% and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Dynamic Changes in Left and Right Cerebral Oxygen Saturation during Selective Cerebral Perfusion in Young Infants

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact Analysis of Microscopic Defect Types on the Macroscopic Crack Propagation in Sintered Silver Nanoparticles

    Zhongqing Zhang1, Bo Wan1,*, Guicui Fu1, Yutai Su2,*, Zhaoxi Wu3, Xiangfen Wang1, Xu Long2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 441-458, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043616

    Abstract Sintered silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in high-power electronics due to their exceptional properties. However, the material reliability is significantly affected by various microscopic defects. In this work, the three primary micro-defect types at potential stress concentrations in sintered AgNPs are identified, categorized, and quantified. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are employed to observe the failure evolution of different microscopic defects. The dominant mechanisms responsible for this evolution are dislocation nucleation and dislocation motion. At the same time, this paper clarifies the quantitative relationship between the tensile strain amount and the failure mechanism transitions of the three defect types by… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Radiative Blood-Based Hybrid Copper-Graphene Nanoliquid Flows along a Source-Heated Leaning Cylinder

    Siti Nur Ainsyah Ghani1, Noor Fadiya Mohd Noor1,2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 1017-1037, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031372

    Abstract Variant graphene, graphene oxides (GO), and graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) dispersed in blood-based copper (Cu) nanoliquids over a leaning permeable cylinder are the focus of this study. These forms of graphene are highly beneficial in the biological and medical fields for cancer therapy, anti-infection measures, and drug delivery. The non-Newtonian Sutterby (blood-based) hybrid nanoliquid flows are generalized within the context of the Tiwari-Das model to simulate the effects of radiation and heating sources. The governing partial differential equations are reformulated into a nonlinear set of ordinary differential equations using similar transformational expressions. These equations are then transformed into boundary value problems… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Drought-Mediated Modulation in Metabolomic Profiling of Leaf, Growth, Ecophysiology and Antioxidants

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem1,2,3,*, Hesham F. Alharby1, M. Irfan Qureshi4

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.12, pp. 3323-3344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.030212

    Abstract

    Abiotic stresses, including drought, have been found to affect the growth and medicinal quality of numerous herbs. The proposed study aims to study the effects of different drought regimes on the metabolic profile, growth, ecophysiology, cellular antioxidants, and antioxidant potential of Nigella sativa (Black cumin) leaf. Forty-day-old seedlings of N. sativa were exposed to three regimes of drought (control, moderate and high) for a week. UPLC-MS/MS metabolic profile of the leaf reveals the presence of more than a hundred metabolites belonging to anthocyanins, chalcones, dihydro flavonoids, flavonoids, flavanols, flavones, flavonoid carbonoside, isoflavones, etc. Drought was found to alter the contents… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Acid on the Rock Mechanical Characteristics of Deep Shale in the Wujiaping Formation

    Hao Zhang1, Yan Zhang1,*, Wei Liu2, Ximin Zhang3, Xiang Liu2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.1, pp. 27-42, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.041410

    Abstract The microscopic characteristics and mechanical properties of rocks change after the action of acid on deep shale, which affects the fracturing effect. Accordingly, we designed and conducted indoor experiments related to the changes in macro and microscopic characteristics after the interaction of acid with the shale of Wujiaping Formation, based on which the characteristic law of fracture volume modification after acid fracturing was studied using numerical simulation. The results demonstrate that the pores and fractures are enlarged and the structure is significantly loosened after the acid immersion. And a 15% concentration of hydrochloric acid can effectively dissolve shale. Furthermore, the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Serial Multiple Mediation of the Relationship between Positive Coping Style and Post-Traumatic Growth among Chinese College Students in the Aftermath of COVID-19

    Qi Li, Jinsheng Hu*, Peng Wan

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.11, pp. 1173-1186, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.030343

    Abstract

    Given the ongoing character of COVID-19, higher-education students encountered multifaceted pressures brought about by the pandemic and had to overcome many difficulties during this period. Accordingly, it is imperative to identify the factors that may have protective effects on the social functioning and mental status of college students in the aftermath of COVID-19. This cross-sectional study sought to ascertain the internal mechanism of positive coping (PC) styles affecting post-traumatic growth (PTG) and considered the mediating roles of cognitive reappraisal (CR), psychological resilience (PR), and deliberate rumination (DR), which are essential for understanding how and to what extent these factors shaped… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Nanomaterials Addition to Phase Change Materials on Heat Transfer in Solar Panels under Iraqi Atmospheric Conditions

    Majid Ahmed Mohammed1, Abdullah Talab Derea2, Mohammed Yaseen Lafta3, Obed Majeed Ali1, Omar Rafae Alomar4,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041668

    Abstract It is common knowledge that phase-change materials are used for the purpose of thermal storage because of the characteristics that are exclusive to these materials and not found in others. These characteristics include a large capacity for absorbing heat and a large capacity for releasing heat when the phase changes; however, these materials have a low thermal conductivity. This paper presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the impact that nanoparticles of copper oxide had on reducing the temperature of solar panels. The phase change substance that was used was determined to be beeswax. The impact of adding… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Capacity Decay, Impedance, and Heat Generation of Lithium-ion Batteries Experiencing Multiple Simultaneous Abuse Conditions

    Casey Jones, Meghana Sudarshan, Vikas Tomar*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2721-2740, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043219

    Abstract Abuse of Lithium-ion batteries, both physical and electrochemical, can lead to significantly reduced operational capabilities. In some instances, abuse can cause catastrophic failure, including thermal runaway, combustion, and explosion. Many different test standards that include abuse conditions have been developed, but these generally consider only one condition at a time and only provide go/no-go criteria. In this work, different types of cell abuse are implemented concurrently to determine the extent to which simultaneous abuse conditions aggravate cell degradation and failure. Vibrational loading is chosen to be the consistent type of physical abuse, and the first group of cells is cycled… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced 3D Point Cloud Reconstruction for Light Field Microscopy Using U-Net-Based Convolutional Neural Networks

    Shariar Md Imtiaz1, Ki-Chul Kwon1, F. M. Fahmid Hossain1, Md. Biddut Hossain1, Rupali Kiran Shinde1, Sang-Keun Gil2, Nam Kim1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2921-2937, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040205

    Abstract This article describes a novel approach for enhancing the three-dimensional (3D) point cloud reconstruction for light field microscopy (LFM) using U-net architecture-based fully convolutional neural network (CNN). Since the directional view of the LFM is limited, noise and artifacts make it difficult to reconstruct the exact shape of 3D point clouds. The existing methods suffer from these problems due to the self-occlusion of the model. This manuscript proposes a deep fusion learning (DL) method that combines a 3D CNN with a U-Net-based model as a feature extractor. The sub-aperture images obtained from the light field microscopy are aligned to form… More >

Displaying 1-10 on page 1 of 340. Per Page