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  • Open Access


    A Simple Clear Technique in Observing Vascular Development of Grape Ovary

    Teng Fei1, Youmei Li1, Bo Li2, Zhaosen Xie1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 2117-2132, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028208

    Abstract The vascular system of the grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) flower is a channel for transporting water and nutrients to the ovary. It plays an important role in the development of the ovary and fertilization through pollination. However, the vascular bundles in the flower are so tiny that they are difficult to sample and observe by traditional slicing techniques. In this study, ‘Summer Black’ grape flowers were selected as the test materials, and the tissue samples were treated by the optical clearing technique. After simple compaction, the structure and development of the vasculature were observed by common microscopy, fluorescence microscopy and… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence des facteurs individuels et dyadiques sur l’ajustement sexuel des couples lors d’un cancer du côlon

    Influence of Individual and Dyadic Factors in Sexual Adjustment of Couples with Colon Cancer/Partners’ Interdependence in Sexual Adjustment

    A. Stulz, N. Favez, C. Flahault

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.16, No.3, pp. 303-312, 2022, DOI:10.3166/pson-2022-0206

    Abstract Context: Colon cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer in the world and has an impact on all aspects of the lives of patients and their partners. To date, few studies have examined patients’ sexual adjustment, and none have analyzed partner interactions.
    Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the relationships between individual variables and couples’ emotional and sexual adjustments.
    Method: Thirteen couples completed a set of questionnaires on social support, dyadic communication and coping strategies, and sexual satisfaction. Non-parametric analyses were performed on the quantitative data.
    Results: Social support, communication, and dyadic coping strategies play a role… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Classification of Polyps in Colonoscopy Images Based on an Improved Deep Convolutional Neural Network

    Shuang Liu1,2,3, Xiao Liu1, Shilong Chang1, Yufeng Sun4, Kaiyuan Li1, Ya Hou1, Shiwei Wang1, Jie Meng5, Qingliang Zhao6, Sibei Wu1, Kun Yang1,2,3,*, Linyan Xue1,2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5837-5852, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034720

    Abstract Achieving accurate classification of colorectal polyps during colonoscopy can avoid unnecessary endoscopic biopsy or resection. This study aimed to develop a deep learning model that can automatically classify colorectal polyps histologically on white-light and narrow-band imaging (NBI) colonoscopy images based on World Health Organization (WHO) and Workgroup serrAted polypS and Polyposis (WASP) classification criteria for colorectal polyps. White-light and NBI colonoscopy images of colorectal polyps exhibiting pathological results were firstly collected and classified into four categories: conventional adenoma, hyperplastic polyp, sessile serrated adenoma/polyp (SSAP) and normal, among which conventional adenoma could be further divided into three sub-categories of tubular adenoma,… More >

  • Open Access


    In Situ Generation of Copper Nanoparticles in Heat-Treated Copper-Containing Masson’s Pine as a Preservative Process for Sawn Timber

    Minting Lai, Guijun Xie*, Wanju Li, Lamei Li, Yongjian Cao

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2665-2678, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.027441

    Abstract Heat-treated wood has good dimensional stability, durability, and color, but its susceptibility to fungal growth affects its commercial value. In this study, lumber harvested from mature Masson’s pine (Pinus massoniana Lamb.) was vacuum impregnated with a basic copper salt solution (copper hydroxide, diethanolamine, and polyethylene glycol 200) prior to heat-treatment at 220°C for 3 h. Antifungal properties, surface chemistry, crystal structure and sugar contents were tested, compared with heat treatment alone. The results showed that the samples treated by heating without copper salt treatment showed poor suppression of fungal growth, the copper-impregnated heat-treated wood suppressed (100%) the growth of Botryodiplodia theobromaeMore >

  • Open Access


    Application of Wavelength Selection Combined with DS Algorithm for Model Transfer between NIR Instruments

    Honghong Wang1, Zhixin Xiong1,*, Yunchao Hu1, Zhijian Liu1, Long Liang2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.6, pp. 2713-2727, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.025817

    Abstract This study aims to realize the sharing of near-infrared analysis models of lignin and holocellulose content in pulp wood on two different batches of spectrometers and proposes a combined algorithm of SPA-DS, MCUVE-DS and SiPLS-DS. The Successive Projection Algorithm (SPA), the Monte-Carlo of Uninformative Variable Elimination (MCUVE) and the Synergy Interval Partial Least Squares (SiPLS) algorithms are respectively used to reduce the adverse effects of redundant information in the transmission process of the full spectrum DS algorithm model. These three algorithms can improve model transfer accuracy and efficiency and reduce the manpower and material consumption required for modeling. These results… More >

  • Open Access



    Vijay W. Bhatkara,*, Anirban Surb,*, Anindita Royb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 1-7, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.19.15

    Abstract Versatile vapor compression refrigeration system is designed, developed and fabricated such that desired condensing and evaporating temperatures can be obtained by providing different electronic controls for superheating, subcooling, fan speed, air heaters and water heatersto use alternative refrigerants to R134a such as R1234ze, R152a, R600a, R290 and R290/R600a (50/50%) with conventional and minichannel condenser. All the refrigerant are tested for condensing temperature ranging from 40 °C to 55 °C while evaporating temperature changes from -10 °C to 15 °C for both condensers. The total exergy loss for main system components such as compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator are calculated.… More >

  • Open Access



    Ghaith Yahya Abusaibaaa , Kamaruzzaman Sopiana,*, Hasila Jarimia , Adnan Ibrahima, Saffa Riffatb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.21

    Abstract This study will demonstrate the performance of a photovoltaic (PV) powered vapour compression cooling system connected to a Phase Change Material (PCM) storage tank. Three options were studied, namely (a) PV vapour compression with a PCM storage tank and an air-conditioned room with chilled water circulation with transparent membrane/desiccant; (b) PV vapour compression with a PCM storage tank and an air-conditioned room with chilled air dehumidification; and (c) PV vapour compression with a PCM storage tank and an air-conditioned room chilled by combined water circulation, a transparent membrane/desiccant, and air duct dehumidification. Simulation using TRNSYS, TRNBuild, and EES programmes has… More >

  • Open Access


    Infrared Spectroscopy-Based Chemometric Analysis for Lard Differentiation in Meat Samples

    Muhammad Aadil Siddiqui1,*, M. H. Md Khir1, Zaka Ullah2, Muath Al Hasan2, Abdul Saboor3, Saeed Ahmed Magsi1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 2859-2871, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.034164

    Abstract One of the most pressing concerns for the consumer market is the detection of adulteration in meat products due to their preciousness. The rapid and accurate identification mechanism for lard adulteration in meat products is highly necessary, for developing a mechanism trusted by consumers and that can be used to make a definitive diagnosis. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) is used in this work to identify lard adulteration in cow, lamb, and chicken samples. A simplified extraction method was implied to obtain the lipids from pure and adulterated meat. Adulterated samples were obtained by mixing lard with chicken, lamb, and… More >

  • Open Access


    Pre-Breeding Genetic Diversity Assessment of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) Cultivars Based on Molecular, Morphological and Physicochemical Parameters

    Jameel M. Al-Khayri1,*, Salha M. Alshamrani2, Adel A. Rezk1, Wael F. Shehata1, Mustafa I. Almaghasla3, Tarek A. Shalaby3,4, Ahmed M. Saad5, Fatmah A. Safhi6, Muhammad N. Sattar7, Arafat A. Abdel Latef8, Mahmoud Z. Sitohy5, Abdallah A. Hassanin9,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 1493-1512, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027375

    Abstract Appropriate knowledge of the parental cultivars is a pre-requisite for a successful breeding program. This study characterized fruit yield, quality attributes, and molecular variations of ten tomato cultivars during three consecutive generations under greenhouse conditions. Peto 86, Castle Rock, and Red Star cultivars showed the highest fruit yield (kg/plant), total phenolic compounds (TPC), and sap acidity. Principal component analysis categorized the evaluated fruit yield into three groups based on their quality attributes. A robust positive correlation appeared among traits inside each group. A positive correlation was likewise noticed between the first and the second groups. However, a negative correlation was… More >

  • Open Access


    Analysis of a Water-Cooled Unit under Different Loads

    Daoming Shen1,*, Jinhong Xia1, Chao Gui1, Songtao Xue2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.7, pp. 1863-1873, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.024925

    Abstract In order to ensure the safe operation of the compressors used in water chillers, in the present study some interlock protections have been added to the related design. These include a low pressure protection, a high pressure protection, an exhaust temperature protection and a differential pressure protection. Some tests have been conducted by tuning the saturation suction and exhaust temperatures of the compressor through adjustment of the cold source outlet temperature and the ambient temperature. The results show that the ambient temperature increases with decreasing device load and increasing fan speed under the same saturated suction temperature; the device refrigerating… More > Graphic Abstract

    Analysis of a Water-Cooled Unit under Different Loads

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