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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fuzzy Difference Equations in Diagnoses of Glaucoma from Retinal Images Using Deep Learning

    D. Dorathy Prema Kavitha1, L. Francis Raj1, Sandeep Kautish2,#, Abdulaziz S. Almazyad3, Karam M. Sallam4, Ali Wagdy Mohamed5,6,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 801-816, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030902

    Abstract The intuitive fuzzy set has found important application in decision-making and machine learning. To enrich and utilize the intuitive fuzzy set, this study designed and developed a deep neural network-based glaucoma eye detection using fuzzy difference equations in the domain where the retinal images converge. Retinal image detections are categorized as normal eye recognition, suspected glaucomatous eye recognition, and glaucomatous eye recognition. Fuzzy degrees associated with weighted values are calculated to determine the level of concentration between the fuzzy partition and the retinal images. The proposed model was used to diagnose glaucoma using retinal images and involved utilizing the Convolutional… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Efficient Method for Identifying Lower Limb Behavior Intentions Based on Surface Electromyography

    Liuyi Ling1,2,3, Yiwen Wang1,*, Fan Ding4, Li Jin1, Bin Feng3, Weixiao Li3, Chengjun Wang1, Xianhua Li1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 2771-2790, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043383

    Abstract Surface electromyography (sEMG) is widely used for analyzing and controlling lower limb assisted exoskeleton robots. Behavior intention recognition based on sEMG is of great significance for achieving intelligent prosthetic and exoskeleton control. Achieving highly efficient recognition while improving performance has always been a significant challenge. To address this, we propose an sEMG-based method called Enhanced Residual Gate Network (ERGN) for lower-limb behavioral intention recognition. The proposed network combines an attention mechanism and a hard threshold function, while combining the advantages of residual structure, which maps sEMG of multiple acquisition channels to the lower limb motion states. Firstly, continuous wavelet transform… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Nuclei Segmentation in Histopathology Images Using Structure-Preserving Color Normalization Based Ensemble Deep Learning Frameworks

    Manas Ranjan Prusty1, Rishi Dinesh2, Hariket Sukesh Kumar Sheth2, Alapati Lakshmi Viswanath2, Sandeep Kumar Satapathy2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3077-3094, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042718

    Abstract This paper presents a novel computerized technique for the segmentation of nuclei in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained histopathology images. The purpose of this study is to overcome the challenges faced in automated nuclei segmentation due to the diversity of nuclei structures that arise from differences in tissue types and staining protocols, as well as the segmentation of variable-sized and overlapping nuclei. To this extent, the approach proposed in this study uses an ensemble of the UNet architecture with various Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) architectures as encoder backbones, along with stain normalization and test time augmentation, to improve segmentation accuracy.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for South Indian Mango Leaf Disease Detection and Classification

    Shaik Thaseentaj, S. Sudhakar Ilango*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3593-3618, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042496

    Abstract The South Indian mango industry is confronting severe threats due to various leaf diseases, which significantly impact the yield and quality of the crop. The management and prevention of these diseases depend mainly on their early identification and accurate classification. The central objective of this research is to propose and examine the application of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) as a potential solution for the precise detection and categorization of diseases impacting the leaves of South Indian mango trees. Our study collected a rich dataset of leaf images representing different disease classes, including Anthracnose, Powdery Mildew, and Leaf Blight. To… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Electrocardiogram Signals for Arrhythmia Detection Using Convolutional Neural Network

    Muhammad Aleem Raza1, Muhammad Anwar2, Kashif Nisar3, Ag. Asri Ag. Ibrahim3,*, Usman Ahmed Raza1, Sadiq Ali Khan4, Fahad Ahmad5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.3, pp. 3817-3834, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032275

    Abstract With the help of computer-aided diagnostic systems, cardiovascular diseases can be identified timely manner to minimize the mortality rate of patients suffering from cardiac disease. However, the early diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia is one of the most challenging tasks. The manual analysis of electrocardiogram (ECG) data with the help of the Holter monitor is challenging. Currently, the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is receiving considerable attention from researchers for automatically identifying ECG signals. This paper proposes a 9-layer-based CNN model to classify the ECG signals into five primary categories according to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards and the Association… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improved Convolutional Neural Network for Traffic Scene Segmentation

    Fuliang Xu, Yong Luo, Chuanlong Sun, Hong Zhao*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2691-2708, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030940

    Abstract In actual traffic scenarios, precise recognition of traffic participants, such as vehicles and pedestrians, is crucial for intelligent transportation. This study proposes an improved algorithm built on Mask-RCNN to enhance the ability of autonomous driving systems to recognize traffic participants. The algorithm incorporates long and short-term memory networks and the fused attention module (GSAM, GCT, and Spatial Attention Module) to enhance the algorithm’s capability to process both global and local information. Additionally, to increase the network’s initial operation stability, the original network activation function was replaced with Gaussian error linear unit. Experiments were conducted using the publicly available Cityscapes dataset.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid Classification and Identification of Pneumonia Using African Buffalo Optimization and CNN from Chest X-Ray Images

    Nasser Alalwan1,*, Ahmed I. Taloba2, Amr Abozeid3, Ahmed Ibrahim Alzahrani1, Ali H. Al-Bayatti4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.3, pp. 2497-2517, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029910

    Abstract An illness known as pneumonia causes inflammation in the lungs. Since there is so much information available from various X-ray images, diagnosing pneumonia has typically proven challenging. To improve image quality and speed up the diagnosis of pneumonia, numerous approaches have been devised. To date, several methods have been employed to identify pneumonia. The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has achieved outstanding success in identifying and diagnosing diseases in the fields of medicine and radiology. However, these methods are complex, inefficient, and imprecise to analyze a big number of datasets. In this paper, a new hybrid method for the automatic classification… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Visualization for Explanation of Deep Learning-Based Fault Diagnosis Model Using Class Activation Map

    Youming Guo, Qinmu Wu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1489-1514, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042313

    Abstract Permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is widely used in various production processes because of its high efficiency, fast reaction time, and high power density. With the continuous promotion of new energy vehicles, timely detection of PMSM faults can significantly reduce the accident rate of new energy vehicles, further enhance consumers’ trust in their safety, and thus promote their popularity. Existing fault diagnosis methods based on deep learning can only distinguish different PMSM faults and cannot interpret and analyze them. Convolutional neural networks (CNN) show remarkable accuracy in image data analysis. However, due to the “black box” problem in deep learning… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimized Deep Learning Approach for Efficient Diabetic Retinopathy Classification Combining VGG16-CNN

    Heba M. El-Hoseny1,*, Heba F. Elsepae2, Wael A. Mohamed2, Ayman S. Selmy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1855-1872, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042107

    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy is a critical eye condition that, if not treated, can lead to vision loss. Traditional methods of diagnosing and treating the disease are time-consuming and expensive. However, machine learning and deep transfer learning (DTL) techniques have shown promise in medical applications, including detecting, classifying, and segmenting diabetic retinopathy. These advanced techniques offer higher accuracy and performance. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) is crucial in speeding up classification and providing accurate disease diagnoses. Overall, these technological advancements hold great potential for improving the management of diabetic retinopathy. The study’s objective was to differentiate between different classes of diabetes and verify the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automated Video Generation of Moving Digits from Text Using Deep Deconvolutional Generative Adversarial Network

    Anwar Ullah1, Xinguo Yu1,*, Muhammad Numan2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2359-2383, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.041219

    Abstract Generating realistic and synthetic video from text is a highly challenging task due to the multitude of issues involved, including digit deformation, noise interference between frames, blurred output, and the need for temporal coherence across frames. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for generating coherent videos of moving digits from textual input using a Deep Deconvolutional Generative Adversarial Network (DD-GAN). The DD-GAN comprises a Deep Deconvolutional Neural Network (DDNN) as a Generator (G) and a modified Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN) as a Discriminator (D) to ensure temporal coherence between adjacent frames. The proposed research involves several steps.… More >

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