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  • Open Access


    Optimization of Coronavirus Pandemic Model Through Artificial Intelligence

    Manal. M. Alqarni1, Arooj Nasir2,3, Dumitru Baleanu4,5,6, Ali Raza7, Tahir Nawaz Cheema8,*, Nauman Ahmed9, Muhammad Rafiq10, Umbreen Fatima11, Emad E. Mahmoud12

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.3, pp. 6807-6822, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.033283

    Abstract Artificial intelligence is demonstrated by machines, unlike the natural intelligence displayed by animals, including humans. Artificial intelligence research has been defined as the field of study of intelligent agents, which refers to any system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of achieving its goals. The techniques of intelligent computing solve many applications of mathematical modeling. The research work was designed via a particular method of artificial neural networks to solve the mathematical model of coronavirus. The representation of the mathematical model is made via systems of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. These differential equations are established… More >

  • Open Access


    Structure Preserving Algorithm for Fractional Order Mathematical Model of COVID-19

    Zafar Iqbal1,2, Muhammad Aziz-ur Rehman1, Nauman Ahmed1,2, Ali Raza3,4, Muhammad Rafiq5, Ilyas Khan6,*, Kottakkaran Sooppy Nisar7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 2141-2157, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.013906

    Abstract In this article, a brief biological structure and some basic properties of COVID-19 are described. A classical integer order model is modified and converted into a fractional order model with as order of the fractional derivative. Moreover, a valued structure preserving the numerical design, coined as Grunwald–Letnikov non-standard finite difference scheme, is developed for the fractional COVID-19 model. Taking into account the importance of the positivity and boundedness of the state variables, some productive results have been proved to ensure these essential features. Stability of the model at a corona free and a corona existing equilibrium points is investigated on… More >

  • Open Access


    An Effective Numerical Method for the Solution of a Stochastic Coronavirus (2019-nCovid) Pandemic Model

    Wasfi Shatanawi1,2,3, Ali Raza4,5,*, Muhammad Shoaib Arif4, Kamaledin Abodayeh1, Muhammad Rafiq6, Mairaj Bibi7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1121-1137, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012070

    Abstract Nonlinear stochastic modeling plays a significant role in disciplines such as psychology, finance, physical sciences, engineering, econometrics, and biological sciences. Dynamical consistency, positivity, and boundedness are fundamental properties of stochastic modeling. A stochastic coronavirus model is studied with techniques of transition probabilities and parametric perturbation. Well-known explicit methods such as Euler Maruyama, stochastic Euler, and stochastic Runge–Kutta are investigated for the stochastic model. Regrettably, the above essential properties are not restored by existing methods. Hence, there is a need to construct essential properties preserving the computational method. The non-standard approach of finite difference is examined to maintain the above basic… More >

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