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  • Open Access



    Shihong Zhang* , Xu Fan

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 1-6, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.9

    Abstract This article discussed compressive strength, water absorption, thermal conductivity and Frost resistance of building glazed tile of fly ash added in order to solve the problem of shortage of raw materials in the production. According to the technology of catalytic combustion furnace, glazed tiles of fly ash added with pure solid texture and glamorous colors were obtained by radiation heat treatment. It also greatly reduced pollutant emissions. The suitable proportion is about 30% of fly ash from these tests and the molding pressure is 20MPa. The utilization of fly ash not only alleviates the environmental pollution, but also saves raw… More >

  • Open Access


    An Investigation of Battery Energy Storage Aided Wind-Coal Integrated Energy System

    Enhui Sun1,2, Jiahao Shi1,2, Lei Zhang1,2,*, Hongfu Ji1,2, Qian Zhang1,2, Yongyi Li1,2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1583-1602, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027790

    Abstract This paper studies the feasibility of a supply-side wind-coal integrated energy system. Based on grid-side data, the load regulation model of coal-fired power and the wind-coal integrated energy system model are established. According to the simulation results, the reasons why the wind-coal combined power supply is difficult to meet the grid-side demand are revealed through scenario analysis. Based on the wind-coal combined operation, a wind-coal-storage integrated energy system was proposed by adding lithium-iron phosphate battery energy storage system (LIPBESS) to adjust the load of the system. According to the four load adjustment scenarios of grid-side instructions of the wind-coal system,… More >

  • Open Access


    Levy Flight Firefly Based Efficient Resource Allocation for Fog Environment

    Anu*, Anita Singhrova

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 199-219, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.035389

    Abstract Fog computing is an emergent and powerful computing paradigm to serve latency-sensitive applications by executing internet of things (IoT) applications in the proximity of the network. Fog computing offers computational and storage services between cloud and terminal devices. However, an efficient resource allocation to execute the IoT applications in a fog environment is still challenging due to limited resource availability and low delay requirement of services. A large number of heterogeneous shareable resources makes fog computing a complex environment. In the sight of these issues, this paper has proposed an efficient levy flight firefly-based resource allocation technique. The levy flight… More >

  • Open Access


    Fire Detection Algorithm Based on an Improved Strategy of YOLOv5 and Flame Threshold Segmentation

    Yuchen Zhao, Shulei Wu*, Yaoru Wang, Huandong Chen*, Xianyao Zhang, Hongwei Zhao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5639-5657, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037829

    Abstract Due to the rapid growth and spread of fire, it poses a major threat to human life and property. Timely use of fire detection technology can reduce disaster losses. The traditional threshold segmentation method is unstable, and the flame recognition methods of deep learning require a large amount of labeled data for training. In order to solve these problems, this paper proposes a new method combining You Only Look Once version 5 (YOLOv5) network model and improved flame segmentation algorithm. On the basis of the traditional color space threshold segmentation method, the original segmentation threshold is replaced by the proportion… More >

  • Open Access



    Matt Ghijia,*, Ian Burchb, Brigitta Suendermannb, Grant Gambleb, Vasily Novozhilov a, Paul Josepha, Khalid Moinuddina

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2021, DOI:10.5098/hmt.17.13

    Abstract Lithium-ion batteries (LiBs) have superior energy density and lifetime compared to battery technologies such as lead acid. Despite the widespread application of LiBs in energy storage systems, electronic devices, aerospace and the automotive industry, they present a fire risk. In this study, experiments were conducted to characterize the thermal behavior of the electrolyte (as the main contributor to LiB fires) using a cone calorimeter; investigate the interactions of water mist and a Bunsen burner, as a precursor to examining the effectiveness of a water mist suppression system in extinguishing a LiB fire. In the present work, we have endeavored to… More >

  • Open Access



    Xuehui Jinga,* , Wei Lia, Zhaoyu Lia , Zhiyun Wangb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 1-4, 2023, DOI:10.5098/hmt.20.19

    Abstract This paper numerically simulates the combustion in a 300MW tangentially fired pulverized high-alkali coal boiler under low-load conditions. The combustion process, temperature distribution and the thermal load in the furnace at different height are analyzed under three different load conditions, which are 30%, 45% and 60% of full load. The temperature distribution and the variation of NOx concentration under different load conditions are investigated, as well. The results show that the combustion processes of pulverized high-alkali coal in the furnace are similar under different load conditions, but the positions of the fuel’s full combustion are related to the loads. With… More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Kernel Firefly Algorithm Based Feature Selection and Q-Learner Machine Learning Models in Cloud

    I. Mettildha Mary1,*, K. Karuppasamy2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2667-2685, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031114

    Abstract CC’s (Cloud Computing) networks are distributed and dynamic as signals appear/disappear or lose significance. MLTs (Machine learning Techniques) train datasets which sometime are inadequate in terms of sample for inferring information. A dynamic strategy, DevMLOps (Development Machine Learning Operations) used in automatic selections and tunings of MLTs result in significant performance differences. But, the scheme has many disadvantages including continuity in training, more samples and training time in feature selections and increased classification execution times. RFEs (Recursive Feature Eliminations) are computationally very expensive in its operations as it traverses through each feature without considering correlations between them. This problem can… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic Sentimental Analysis by Firefly with Levy and Multilayer Perceptron

    D. Elangovan1,*, V. Subedha2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 2797-2808, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031988

    Abstract The field of sentiment analysis (SA) has grown in tandem with the aid of social networking platforms to exchange opinions and ideas. Many people share their views and ideas around the world through social media like Facebook and Twitter. The goal of opinion mining, commonly referred to as sentiment analysis, is to categorise and forecast a target’s opinion. Depending on if they provide a positive or negative perspective on a given topic, text documents or sentences can be classified. When compared to sentiment analysis, text categorization may appear to be a simple process, but number of challenges have prompted numerous… More >

  • Open Access


    A Modified Firefly Optimization Algorithm-Based Fuzzy Packet Scheduler for MANET

    Mercy Sharon Devadas1, N. Bhalaji1,*, Xiao-Zhi Gao2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2685-2702, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.031636

    Abstract In Mobile ad hoc Networks (MANETs), the packet scheduling process is considered the major challenge because of error-prone connectivity among mobile nodes that introduces intolerable delay and insufficient throughput with high packet loss. In this paper, a Modified Firefly Optimization Algorithm improved Fuzzy Scheduler-based Packet Scheduling (MFPA-FSPS) Mechanism is proposed for sustaining Quality of Service (QoS) in the network. This MFPA-FSPS mechanism included a Fuzzy-based priority scheduler by inheriting the merits of the Sugeno Fuzzy inference system that potentially and adaptively estimated packets’ priority for guaranteeing optimal network performance. It further used the modified Firefly Optimization Algorithm to optimize the… More >

  • Open Access


    Design and Development of Composite Plywood that Integrates Fire Resistance, Water Resistance and Wear Resistance

    Xingyu Liang1, Xiaoyu Gu1, Myint Myint Paing Hsu2, Yuhang He1, Rongzhuo Zhang1, Conghui Cai3, Zheng Wang1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.5, pp. 2333-2344, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026137

    Abstract In order to improve the fire resistance, water resistance and wear resistance of ordinary plywood products in the wood processing industry, three composite structures of plywood products S1, S2 and S3 were designed in this paper, and a reasonable production process was proposed. Through the physical and mechanical properties and fire resistance testing and technical and economic analysis, the applicability of composite plywood was evaluated. The results of the study showed that the physical mechanics of the three kinds of composite structure plywood met the standard requirements, and their fire resistance was far better than that of ordinary plywood. Among… More >

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