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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A perspective review on the biosynthesis of plant-based secondary metabolites and their application as potent drugs

    JHILAM PRAMANIK1,#, AKASH KUMAR2, SARVESH RUSTAGI3,#, MEHAK KATYAL4, SHEETAL THAKUR5, JUTISHNA BORA6, SUMIRA MALIK6,7,*, ANCHAL TREHAN8, NAYAN TALUKDAR9, PETR SLAMA10,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.4, pp. 541-557, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029031

    Abstract Many phytochemicals and their derived metabolites produced by plants are extensively employed in commercial goods, pharmaceutical products as well as in the environmental and medical fields. However, these secondary metabolites obtained from plants are in low amounts, and it is difficult to synthesize them at the industrial level. Despite these challenges, they may be utilized for a variety of medicinal products that are either available in the market or are being researched and tested. Secondary metabolites are complex compounds that exhibit chirality. Further, under controlled conditions with elicitors, desired secondary metabolites may be produced from plant cell cultures. This review… More > Graphic Abstract

    A perspective review on the biosynthesis of plant-based secondary metabolites and their application as potent drugs

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Overview of Jute Fibre as Thermoplastic Matrix Polymer Reinforcement

    Tezara Cionita1,*, Mohammad Hazim Mohamad Hamdan2, Januar Parlaungan Siregar3,4,*, Deni Fajar Fitriyana5, Ramli Junid6, Wong Ling Shing7, Jamiluddin Jaafar8, Agustinus Purna Irawan9, Teuku Rihayat10, Rifky Ismail11, Athanasius Priharyoto Bayuseno11, Emilianus Jehadus12

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 457-483, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.045814

    Abstract Recent decades have seen a substantial increase in interest in research on natural fibres that is aligned with sustainable development goals (SDGs). Due to their renewable resources and biodegradability, natural fiber-reinforced composites have been investigated as a sustainable alternative to synthetic materials to reduce the usage of hazardous waste and environmental pollution. Among the natural fibre, jute fibre obtained from a bast plant has an increasing trend in the application, especially as a reinforcement material. Numerous research works have been performed on jute fibre with regard to reinforced thermoset and thermoplastic composites. Nevertheless, current demands on sustainable materials have required… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Chitosan/PVA Films and Silver Nanoparticle Impregnated Nanofibrous Dressings for Evaluation of their Wound Healing Efficacy in Wistar Albino Rat Model

    SOBHA KOTA*, RATNAKUMARI ANANTHA, VAYUNANDANA RAO GOVADA, PRADEEP DUMPALA

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 285-303, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.10

    Abstract The exoskeleton of marine shrimp contains a natural, biocompatible polymer chitin, which is dumped as a waste. The study proposes the sustainable single-pot-extraction of chitosan from the waste and its use in the fabrication of wound-dressings, and thus leverage its piezoelectric, antioxidant, hypoglycaemic and medicinal properties in wound-healing. The Fourier transform infrared spectrum revealed that marine chitosan contains functional groups with N-O, O-H, and CO stretching. Scanning electron micrographs demonstrated the spherical and mesoporous structures of the extracted chitosan. X-ray diffraction analysis showed a semi-crystalline phase of chitosan particles with a mean size of 28.9 nm. The film prepared with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Study on Organic Fluorine Modified Cationic Acrylic Resin and its Application in Cathodic Electrodeposition Coatings

    LIJUN CHEN*, ZHEQING GONG, ZHENGRONG FU

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 157-164, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.3

    Abstract The organic fluorine modified/containing cationic acrylic resin is prepared via solution polymerization technique using hexafluorobutyl methacrylate (HFMA) along with butyl acrylate (BA), methyl methacrylate (MMA), styrene (St), dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and hydroxy propyl methacrylate (HPMA) as the comonomers, proprylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME) as the solvent, and 2, 2-Azo-bis-iso-butyronitrile (AIBN) as the initiator. The synthesized resin in which fluorine atom is introduced into the polymer chains. The cathodic electrodeposition (CED) coatings were prepared by mixing the synthesized resin and blocked isocyanate. The influence of the amount of organic fluorine on the resin and the resultant CED coatings is investigated in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SiRAP2-12, a Positive Regulatory Factor, Effectively Improves the Waterlogging Tolerance of Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica)

    Xueyan Xia1,#, Xiaohong Fu2,#, Yu Zhao1, Jihan Cui1, Nuoya Xiao1, Jingxin Wang1, Yiwei Lu1, Meihong Huang1, Cheng Chu1, Jia Zhang2, Mengxin Yang2, Shunguo Li1,*, Jianfeng Liu2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 445-465, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048273

    Abstract Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) growth was inhibited because of waterlogging stress, which has caused yield reduction. ERF family plays an important role to plant adversity tolerance. In our study, we obtained 19,819 differential expressed genes (DEGs) between the two treatments based on the RNA-seq sequencing of foxtail millet of waterlogging stress. Furthermore, a total of 28 ERF family members were obtained, which have a complete open reading frame. We studied the evolution and function of SiERF family and how they affected the waterlogging tolerance. It was found that SiERF1A/B/C (GenBank ID: OR775217, OR775219, OR775218) and SiRAP2-12 (GenBank ID: OR775216) have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Phenolic Profile and Volatiles of in vitro Propagated Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Seedlings

    Mir Abdullatif Yahya1, Fatma Tunali1, Dilek Killi2,*, Atalay Sökmen2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 427-444, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046271

    Abstract An effective in vitro propagation protocol was designed for Lavandula angustifolia Miller, a medicinal aromatic plant that is a prominent source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Murashige and Skoog media were supplemented with various concentrations of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs), and the growth parameters of the nodal segments were examined. Nodal explants formed callus when they were supplemented with 2 mg/L of 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP). The superior hormonal concentration of Murashige and Skoog (MS) media for the proliferation of shoots from callus cultures (39.33%) was 5 mg/L of 2-Isopentenyl adenine (2iP), and the favorable media for the growth of L. angustifoliaMore >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Hybrid and Lightweight Device-to-Server Authentication Technique for the Internet of Things

    Shaha Al-Otaibi1, Rahim Khan2,*, Hashim Ali2, Aftab Ahmed Khan2, Amir Saeed3, Jehad Ali4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3805-3823, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049017

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is a smart networking infrastructure of physical devices, i.e., things, that are embedded with sensors, actuators, software, and other technologies, to connect and share data with the respective server module. Although IoTs are cornerstones in different application domains, the device’s authenticity, i.e., of server(s) and ordinary devices, is the most crucial issue and must be resolved on a priority basis. Therefore, various field-proven methodologies were presented to streamline the verification process of the communicating devices; however, location-aware authentication has not been reported as per our knowledge, which is a crucial metric, especially in scenarios where… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Security Trade-Off Scheme of Anomaly Detection System in IoT to Defend against Data-Tampering Attacks

    Bing Liu1, Zhe Zhang1, Shengrong Hu2, Song Sun3,*, Dapeng Liu4, Zhenyu Qiu5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4049-4069, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048099

    Abstract Internet of Things (IoT) is vulnerable to data-tampering (DT) attacks. Due to resource limitations, many anomaly detection systems (ADSs) for IoT have high false positive rates when detecting DT attacks. This leads to the misreporting of normal data, which will impact the normal operation of IoT. To mitigate the impact caused by the high false positive rate of ADS, this paper proposes an ADS management scheme for clustered IoT. First, we model the data transmission and anomaly detection in clustered IoT. Then, the operation strategy of the clustered IoT is formulated as the running probabilities of all ADSs deployed on… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RL and AHP-Based Multi-Timescale Multi-Clock Source Time Synchronization for Distribution Power Internet of Things

    Jiangang Lu, Ruifeng Zhao*, Zhiwen Yu, Yue Dai, Kaiwen Zeng

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4453-4469, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048020

    Abstract Time synchronization (TS) is crucial for ensuring the secure and reliable functioning of the distribution power Internet of Things (IoT). Multi-clock source time synchronization (MTS) has significant advantages of high reliability and accuracy but still faces challenges such as optimization of the multi-clock source selection and the clock source weight calculation at different timescales, and the coupling of synchronization latency jitter and pulse phase difference. In this paper, the multi-timescale MTS model is conducted, and the reinforcement learning (RL) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-based multi-timescale MTS algorithm is designed to improve the weighted summation of synchronization latency jitter standard deviation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Learning-Based Secure Transmission Strategy with Sensor-Transmission-Computing Linkage for Power Internet of Things

    Bin Li*, Linghui Kong, Xiangyi Zhang, Bochuo Kou, Hui Yu, Bowen Liu

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3267-3282, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047193

    Abstract The automatic collection of power grid situation information, along with real-time multimedia interaction between the front and back ends during the accident handling process, has generated a massive amount of power grid data. While wireless communication offers a convenient channel for grid terminal access and data transmission, it is important to note that the bandwidth of wireless communication is limited. Additionally, the broadcast nature of wireless transmission raises concerns about the potential for unauthorized eavesdropping during data transmission. To address these challenges and achieve reliable, secure, and real-time transmission of power grid data, an intelligent security transmission strategy with sensor-transmission-computing… More >

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