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  • Open Access


    Improving Heat Transfer in Parabolic Trough Solar Collectors by Magnetic Nanofluids

    Ritesh Singh1, Abhishek Gupta1, Akshoy Ranjan Paul1, Bireswar Paul1, Suvash C. Saha2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 835-848, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046849

    Abstract A parabolic trough solar collector (PTSC) converts solar radiation into thermal energy. However, low thermal efficiency of PTSC poses a hindrance to the deployment of solar thermal power plants. Thermal performance of PTSC is enhanced in this study by incorporating magnetic nanoparticles into the working fluid. The circular receiver pipe, with dimensions of 66 mm diameter, 2 mm thickness, and 24 m length, is exposed to uniform temperature and velocity conditions. The working fluid, Therminol-66, is supplemented with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles at concentrations ranging from 1% to 4%. The findings demonstrate that the inclusion of nanoparticles increases the convective heat… More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study of the Effect of Water Salinity on the Parameters of an Equilibrium Droplet Cluster Levitating over a Water Layer

    Alexander A. Fedorets1, Eduard E. Kolmakov1, Leonid A. Dombrovsky1,2,3,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 1-14, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.049335

    Abstract New experimental results, which are important for the potential use of small levitating droplets as biochemical microreactors, are reported. It is shown that the combination of infrared heating and reduced evaporation of saline water under the droplet cluster is sufficient to produce equilibrium saltwater droplets over a wide temperature range. The resulting universal dependence of droplet size on temperature simplifies the choice of optimal conditions for generating stable droplet clusters with droplets of the desired size. A physical analysis of the experimental results on the equilibrium size of saltwater droplets makes it possible to separate the effects related to the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Experimental Study of the Effect of Water Salinity on the Parameters of an Equilibrium Droplet Cluster Levitating over a Water Layer

  • Open Access


    Experimental Study of Heat Transfer in an Insulated Local Heated from Below and Comparison with Simulation by Lattice Boltzmann Method

    Noureddine Abouricha1,*, Ayoub Gounni2, Mustapha El Alami2

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 359-375, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.047632

    Abstract In this paper, experimental and numerical studies of heat transfer in a test local of side heated from below are presented and compared. All the walls, the rest of the floor and the ceiling are made from plywood and polystyrene in sandwich form ( plywood- polystyrene- plywood) just on one of the vertical walls contained a glazed door (). This local is heated during two heating cycles by a square plate of iron the width , which represents the heat source, its temperature is controlled. The plate is heated for two cycles by an adjustable set-point heat source placed just… More >

  • Open Access


    Flow Patterns and Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Polymer Pulsating Heat Pipe Filled with Hydrofluoroether

    Nobuhito Nagasato1, Zhengyuan Pei1, Yasushi Koito2,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 49-63, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.047502

    Abstract Visualization experiments were conducted to clarify the operational characteristics of a polymer pulsating heat pipe (PHP). Hydrofluoroether (HFE)-7100 was used as a working fluid, and its filling ratio was 50% of the entire PHP channel. A semi-transparent PHP was fabricated using a transparent polycarbonate sheet and a plastic 3D printer, and the movements of liquid slugs and vapor plugs of the working fluid were captured with a high-speed camera. The video images were then analyzed to obtain the flow patterns in the PHP. The heat transfer characteristics of the PHP were discussed based on the flow patterns and temperature distributions… More >

  • Open Access


    Comparative Numerical Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics in Sisko Al2O3-Eg and TiO2-Eg Fluids on a Stretched Surface

    K. Jyothi1, Abhishek Dasore2,3,*, R. Ganapati4, Sk. Mohammad Shareef5, Ali J. Chamkha6, V. Raghavendra Prasad7

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 79-105, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.046891

    Abstract In the current research, a thorough examination unfolds concerning the attributes of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer flow and heat transfer inherent to nanoliquids derived from Sisko Al2O3-Eg and TiO2-Eg compositions. Such nanoliquids are subjected to an extending surface. Consideration is duly given to slip boundary conditions, as well as the effects stemming from variable viscosity and variable thermal conductivity. The analytical approach applied involves the application of suitable similarity transformations. These conversions serve to transform the initial set of complex nonlinear partial differential equations into a more manageable assembly of ordinary differential equations. Through the utilization of the FEM, these… More > Graphic Abstract

    Comparative Numerical Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics in Sisko Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-Eg and TiO<sub>2</sub>-Eg Fluids on a Stretched Surface

  • Open Access


    Numerical Studies on Thermal and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of LNG in Helically Coiled Tube-in-Tube Heat Exchangers

    Fayi Yan*, Xuejian Pei, He Lu, Shuzhen Zong

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.1, pp. 287-304, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.045038

    Abstract As compact and efficient heat exchange equipment, helically coiled tube-in-tube heat exchangers (HCTT heat exchangers) are widely used in many industrial processes. However, the thermal-hydraulic research of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as the working fluid in HCTT heat exchangers is rarely reported. In this paper, the characteristics of HCTT heat exchangers, in which LNG flows in the inner tube and ethylene glycol-water solution flows in the outer tube, are studied by numerical simulations. The influences of heat transfer characteristics and pressure drops of the HCTT heat transfers are studied by changing the initial flow velocity, the helical middle diameter, and… More >

  • Open Access



    Khalil Khanafera, Kambiz Vafaib,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 1-9, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.2.3004

    Abstract A study was conducted to demonstrate the applications of microcantilevers in biomedical and thermo/fluid fields. The deflection of the microcantilevers due to biomaterial and turbulence effects was highlighted in this work. The novel patented microcantilever assemblies that were presented in this study can increase the signal and decrease the unfavorable deflection due to flow disturbances. This work paves the road for researchers in the area microcantilever based biosensors to design efficient microsensor systems that exhibit minimal errors in the measurements. Fluid-structure interaction was also utilized to investigate some aspects of the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics. More >

  • Open Access



    Kenneth M. Armijo, Van P. Carey*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.2, pp. 1-6, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.2.3003

    Abstract This paper investigates the impact of Marangoni phenomena for low concentrations of 2-propanol/water and methanol/water mixtures. In real systems the addition of small levels of surface-active contaminants can affect the surface tension of the liquid-vapor interface and thermodynamic conditions in this region. Analysis was performed for three widely accepted binary mixture correlations to predict heat flux and superheat values for subatmospheric experimental data using bulk fluid and film thermodynamic properties. Due to the non-ideal nature of these alcohol/water mixtures, this study also employs an average pseudo single-component (PSC) coefficient in place of an ideal heat transfer coefficient (HTC) to improve… More >

  • Open Access



    Patrick H. Oosthuizen*, Jane T. Paul

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.1.3006

    Abstract Natural convective heat transfer from narrow vertical plates which have a uniform surface heat flux has studied. With a narrow plate the heat transfer rate is dependent on the flow near the vertical edges of the plate. The magnitude of the edge effects will depend on the conditions existing near the edges of the plate. Three situations have here been considered these being a heated plate imbedded in a large plane adiabatic surface, the surfaces of the heated plane and the adiabatic surface being in the same plane, a heated plate with plane adiabatic surfaces above and below the heated… More >

  • Open Access



    Je-Chin Han*, Akhilesh P. Rallabandi

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 1-21, 2010, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v1.1.3001

    Abstract Film cooling is widely used to protect modern gas turbine blades and vanes from the ever increasing inlet temperatures. Film cooling involves a very complex turbulent flow-field, the characterization of which is necessary for reliable and economical design. Several experimental studies have focused on gas turbine blade, vane and end-wall film cooling over the past few decades. Measurements of heat transfer coefficients, film cooling effectiveness values and heat flux ratios using several different experimental methods have been reported. The emphasis of this current review is on the Pressure Sensitive Paint (PSP) mass transfer analogy to determine the film cooling effectiveness.… More >

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