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  • Open Access


    State Estimation Moving Window Gradient Iterative Algorithm for Bilinear Systems Using the Continuous Mixed p-norm Technique

    Wentao Liu, Junxia Ma, Weili Xiong*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 873-892, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020565

    Abstract This paper studies the parameter estimation problems of the nonlinear systems described by the bilinear state space models in the presence of disturbances. A bilinear state observer is designed for deriving identification algorithms to estimate the state variables using the input-output data. Based on the bilinear state observer, a novel gradient iterative algorithm is derived for estimating the parameters of the bilinear systems by means of the continuous mixed p-norm cost function. The gain at each iterative step adapts to the data quality so that the algorithm has good robustness to the noise disturbance. Furthermore, to More >

  • Open Access


    A Fixed-Point Iterative Method for Discrete Tomography Reconstruction Based on Intelligent Optimization

    Luyao Yang1,#, Hao Chen2,#, Haocheng Yu1, Jin Qiu1,*, Shuxian Zhu1,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.1, pp. 731-745, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020656

    Abstract Discrete Tomography (DT) is a technology that uses image projection to reconstruct images. Its reconstruction problem, especially the binary image (0–1 matrix) has attracted strong attention. In this study, a fixed point iterative method of integer programming based on intelligent optimization is proposed to optimize the reconstructed model. The solution process can be divided into two procedures. First, the DT problem is reformulated into a polyhedron judgment problem based on lattice basis reduction. Second, the fixed-point iterative method of Dang and Ye is used to judge whether an integer point exists in the polyhedron of More >

  • Open Access


    Solving the Optimal Control Problems of Nonlinear Duffing Oscillators By Using an Iterative Shape Functions Method

    Cheinshan Liu1, 2, Chunglun Kuo1, Jiangren Chang3, *

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.122, No.1, pp. 33-48, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2020.08490

    Abstract In the optimal control problem of nonlinear dynamical system, the Hamiltonian formulation is useful and powerful to solve an optimal control force. However, the resulting Euler-Lagrange equations are not easy to solve, when the performance index is complicated, because one may encounter a two-point boundary value problem of nonlinear differential algebraic equations. To be a numerical method, it is hard to exactly preserve all the specified conditions, which might deteriorate the accuracy of numerical solution. With this in mind, we develop a novel algorithm to find the solution of the optimal control problem of nonlinear… More >

  • Open Access


    An Optimal Multi-Vector Iterative Algorithm in a Krylov Subspace for Solving the Ill-Posed Linear Inverse Problems

    Chein-Shan Liu 1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.33, No.2, pp. 175-198, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.033.175

    Abstract An optimal m-vector descent iterative algorithm in a Krylov subspace is developed, of which the m weighting parameters are optimized from a properly defined objective function to accelerate the convergence rate in solving an ill-posed linear problem. The optimal multi-vector iterative algorithm (OMVIA) is convergent fast and accurate, which is verified by numerical tests of several linear inverse problems, including the backward heat conduction problem, the heat source identification problem, the inverse Cauchy problem, and the external force recovery problem. Because the OMVIA has a good filtering effect, the numerical results recovered are quite smooth More >

  • Open Access


    Double Optimal Regularization Algorithms for Solving Ill-Posed Linear Problems under Large Noise

    Chein-Shan Liu1, Satya N. Atluri2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.104, No.1, pp. 1-39, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.104.001

    Abstract A double optimal solution of an n-dimensional system of linear equations Ax = b has been derived in an affine m « n. We further develop a double optimal iterative algorithm (DOIA), with the descent direction z being solved from the residual equation Az = r0 by using its double optimal solution, to solve ill-posed linear problem under large noise. The DOIA is proven to be absolutely convergent step-by-step with the square residual error ||r||2 = ||b - Ax||2 being reduced by a positive quantity ||Azk||2 at each iteration step, which is found to be better than those algorithms based More >

  • Open Access


    Novel Iterative Algorithms Based on Regularization Total Least Squares for Solving the Numerical Solution of Discrete Fredholm Integral Equation

    Zichun Yang1,2,3, Lei Zhang1,4, Yueyun Cao1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.97, No.2, pp. 101-130, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.097.101

    Abstract Discretization of inverse problems often leads to systems of linear equations with a highly ill-conditioned coefficient matrix. To find meaningful solutions of such systems, one kind of prevailing and representative approaches is the so-called regularized total least squares (TLS) method when both the system matrix and the observation term are contaminated by some noises. We will survey two such regularization methods in the TLS setting. One is the iterative truncated TLS (TTLS) method which can solve a convergent sequence of projected linear systems generated by Lanczos bidiagonalization. The other one is to convert the Tikhonov… More >

  • Open Access


    Dynamic Route Guidance Based on Model Predictive Control

    Yonghua Zhou1, Xun Yang1, Chao Mi1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.92, No.5, pp. 477-491, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2013.092.477

    Abstract Route selections for vehicles can be equivalent to determine the optimized operation processes for vehicles which intertwine with each other. This paper attempts to utilize the whole methodology of model predictive control to engender rational routes for vehicles, which involves three important parts, i.e. simulation prediction, rolling optimization and feedback adjustment. The route decisions are implemented over the rolling prediction horizon taking the real-time feedback information and the future intertwined operation processes into account. The driving behaviors and route selection speculations of drivers and even traffic propagation models are on-line identified and adapted for the… More >

  • Open Access


    A New Optimal Scheme for Solving Nonlinear Heat Conduction Problems

    Chih-Wen Chang1,2, Chein-Shan Liu3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.88, No.4, pp. 269-292, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.088.269

    Abstract In this article, we utilize an optimal vector driven algorithm (OVDA) to cope with the nonlinear heat conduction problems (HCPs). From this set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations, we propose a purely iterative scheme and the spatial-discretization of finite difference method for revealing the solution vector x, without having to invert the Jacobian matrix D. Furthermore, we introduce three new ideas of bifurcation, attracting set and optimal combination, which are restrained by two parameters g and a. Several numerical instances of nonlinear systems under noise are examined, finding that the OVDA has a fast convergence More >

  • Open Access


    A Dynamical Tikhonov Regularization Method for Solving Nonlinear Ill-Posed Problems

    Chein-Shan Liu1, Chung-Lun Kuo2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 109-132, 2011, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2011.076.109

    Abstract The Tikhonov method is a famous technique for regularizing ill-posed systems. In this theory a regularization parameter α needs to be determined. Based-on an invariant-manifold defined in the space of (x,t) and from the Tikhonov minimization functional, we can derive an optimal vector driven system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs). In the Optimal Vector Driven Algorithm (OVDA), the optimal regularization parameter αk is presented in the iterative solution of x, which means that a dynamical Tikhonov regularization method is involved in the solution of nonlinear ill-posed problem. The OVDA is an extension of the Landweber-Scherzer iterative More >

  • Open Access


    Parallel iterative procedures for a computational electromagnetic modeling based on a nonconforming mixed finite element method

    Taeyoung Ha1, Sangwon Seo2, Dongwoo Sheen3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 57-76, 2006, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2006.014.057

    Abstract We present nonoverlapping domain decomposition methods for the approximation of both electromagnetic fields in a three-dimensional bounded domain satisfying absorbing boundary conditions. A Seidel-type domain decomposition iterative method is introduced based on a hybridization of a nonconforming mixed finite element method. Convergence results for the numerical procedure are proved by introducing a suitable pseudo-energy. The spectral radius of the iterative procedure is estimated and a method for choosing an optimal matching parameter is given. A red-black Seidel-type method which is readily parallelizable is also introduced and analyzed. Numerical experiments confirm that the presented algorithms are faster than More >

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