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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Air Pollution Concentrations on Solar Irradiance Forecasting Using CNN-LSTM-mRMR Feature Extraction

    Ramiz Gorkem Birdal*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4015-4028, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048324

    Abstract Maintaining a steady power supply requires accurate forecasting of solar irradiance, since clean energy resources do not provide steady power. The existing forecasting studies have examined the limited effects of weather conditions on solar radiation such as temperature and precipitation utilizing convolutional neural network (CNN), but no comprehensive study has been conducted on concentrations of air pollutants along with weather conditions. This paper proposes a hybrid approach based on deep learning, expanding the feature set by adding new air pollution concentrations, and ranking these features to select and reduce their size to improve efficiency. In order to improve the accuracy… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Eccentric Intrusion Detection Model Based on Recurrent Neural Networks with Leveraging LSTM

    Navaneetha Krishnan Muthunambu1, Senthil Prabakaran2, Balasubramanian Prabhu Kavin3, Kishore Senthil Siruvangur4, Kavitha Chinnadurai1, Jehad Ali5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3089-3127, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043172

    Abstract The extensive utilization of the Internet in everyday life can be attributed to the substantial accessibility of online services and the growing significance of the data transmitted via the Internet. Regrettably, this development has expanded the potential targets that hackers might exploit. Without adequate safeguards, data transmitted on the internet is significantly more susceptible to unauthorized access, theft, or alteration. The identification of unauthorised access attempts is a critical component of cybersecurity as it aids in the detection and prevention of malicious attacks. This research paper introduces a novel intrusion detection framework that utilizes Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) integrated with… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Health State Prediction Model Based on Belief Rule Base and LSTM for Complex Systems

    Yu Zhao, Zhijie Zhou*, Hongdong Fan, Xiaoxia Han, Jie Wang, Manlin Chen

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.39, No.1, pp. 73-91, 2024, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2024.042285

    Abstract In industrial production and engineering operations, the health state of complex systems is critical, and predicting it can ensure normal operation. Complex systems have many monitoring indicators, complex coupling structures, non-linear and time-varying characteristics, so it is a challenge to establish a reliable prediction model. The belief rule base (BRB) can fuse observed data and expert knowledge to establish a nonlinear relationship between input and output and has well modeling capabilities. Since each indicator of the complex system can reflect the health state to some extent, the BRB is built based on the causal relationship between system indicators and the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Virtual Keyboard: A Real-Time Hand Gesture Recognition-Based Character Input System Using LSTM and Mediapipe Holistic

    Bijon Mallik1, Md Abdur Rahim1, Abu Saleh Musa Miah2, Keun Soo Yun3,*, Jungpil Shin2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 555-570, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.045981

    Abstract In the digital age, non-touch communication technologies are reshaping human-device interactions and raising security concerns. A major challenge in current technology is the misinterpretation of gestures by sensors and cameras, often caused by environmental factors. This issue has spurred the need for advanced data processing methods to achieve more accurate gesture recognition and predictions. Our study presents a novel virtual keyboard allowing character input via distinct hand gestures, focusing on two key aspects: hand gesture recognition and character input mechanisms. We developed a novel model with LSTM and fully connected layers for enhanced sequential data processing and hand gesture recognition.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micro-Locational Fine Dust Prediction Utilizing Machine Learning and Deep Learning Models

    Seoyun Kim1,#, Hyerim Yu2,#, Jeewoo Yoon1,3, Eunil Park1,2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 413-429, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.041575

    Abstract Given the increasing number of countries reporting degraded air quality, effective air quality monitoring has become a critical issue in today’s world. However, the current air quality observatory systems are often prohibitively expensive, resulting in a lack of observatories in many regions within a country. Consequently, a significant problem arises where not every region receives the same level of air quality information. This disparity occurs because some locations have to rely on information from observatories located far away from their regions, even if they may be the closest available options. To address this challenge, a novel approach that leverages machine… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PAL-BERT: An Improved Question Answering Model

    Wenfeng Zheng1, Siyu Lu1, Zhuohang Cai1, Ruiyang Wang1, Lei Wang2, Lirong Yin2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 2729-2745, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046692

    Abstract In the field of natural language processing (NLP), there have been various pre-training language models in recent years, with question answering systems gaining significant attention. However, as algorithms, data, and computing power advance, the issue of increasingly larger models and a growing number of parameters has surfaced. Consequently, model training has become more costly and less efficient. To enhance the efficiency and accuracy of the training process while reducing the model volume, this paper proposes a first-order pruning model PAL-BERT based on the ALBERT model according to the characteristics of question-answering (QA) system and language model. Firstly, a first-order network… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PCA-LSTM: An Impulsive Ground-Shaking Identification Method Based on Combined Deep Learning

    Yizhao Wang*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3029-3045, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.046270

    Abstract Near-fault impulsive ground-shaking is highly destructive to engineering structures, so its accurate identification ground-shaking is a top priority in the engineering field. However, due to the lack of a comprehensive consideration of the ground-shaking characteristics in traditional methods, the generalization and accuracy of the identification process are low. To address these problems, an impulsive ground-shaking identification method combined with deep learning named PCA-LSTM is proposed. Firstly, ground-shaking characteristics were analyzed and ground-shaking the data was annotated using Baker’s method. Secondly, the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method was used to extract the most relevant features related to impulsive ground-shaking. Thirdly, a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Exploring Sequential Feature Selection in Deep Bi-LSTM Models for Speech Emotion Recognition

    Fatma Harby1, Mansor Alohali2, Adel Thaljaoui2,3,*, Amira Samy Talaat4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2689-2719, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046623

    Abstract Machine Learning (ML) algorithms play a pivotal role in Speech Emotion Recognition (SER), although they encounter a formidable obstacle in accurately discerning a speaker’s emotional state. The examination of the emotional states of speakers holds significant importance in a range of real-time applications, including but not limited to virtual reality, human-robot interaction, emergency centers, and human behavior assessment. Accurately identifying emotions in the SER process relies on extracting relevant information from audio inputs. Previous studies on SER have predominantly utilized short-time characteristics such as Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCCs) due to their ability to capture the periodic nature of audio… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Strengthening Network Security: Deep Learning Models for Intrusion Detection with Optimized Feature Subset and Effective Imbalance Handling

    Bayi Xu1, Lei Sun2,*, Xiuqing Mao2, Chengwei Liu3, Zhiyi Ding2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1995-2022, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046478

    Abstract In recent years, frequent network attacks have highlighted the importance of efficient detection methods for ensuring cyberspace security. This paper presents a novel intrusion detection system consisting of a data preprocessing stage and a deep learning model for accurately identifying network attacks. We have proposed four deep neural network models, which are constructed using architectures such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Bi-directional Long Short-Term Memory (BiLSTM), Bidirectional Gate Recurrent Unit (BiGRU), and Attention mechanism. These models have been evaluated for their detection performance on the NSL-KDD dataset.To enhance the compatibility between the data and the models, we apply various preprocessing… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction and Analysis of Vehicle Interior Road Noise Based on Mechanism and Data Series Modeling

    Jian Pang1,3, Tingting Mao2, Wenyu Jia3, Xiaoli Jia3,*, Peisong Dai2, Haibo Huang1,2,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.58, pp. 59-80, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sv.2024.046247

    Abstract Currently, the inexorable trend toward the electrification of automobiles has heightened the prominence of road noise within overall vehicle noise. Consequently, an in-depth investigation into automobile road noise holds substantial practical importance. Previous research endeavors have predominantly centered on the formulation of mechanism models and data-driven models. While mechanism models offer robust controllability, their application encounters challenges in intricate analyses of vehicle body acoustic-vibration coupling, and the effective utilization of accumulated data remains elusive. In contrast, data-driven models exhibit efficient modeling capabilities and can assimilate conceptual vehicle knowledge, but they impose stringent requirements on both data quality and quantity. In… More >

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