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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    DGConv: A Novel Convolutional Neural Network Approach for Weld Seam Depth Image Detection

    Pengchao Li1,2,3,*, Fang Xu1,2,3,4, Jintao Wang1,2, Haibing Guo4, Mingmin Liu4, Zhenjun Du4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1755-1771, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.047057

    Abstract We propose a novel image segmentation algorithm to tackle the challenge of limited recognition and segmentation performance in identifying welding seam images during robotic intelligent operations. Initially, to enhance the capability of deep neural networks in extracting geometric attributes from depth images, we developed a novel deep geometric convolution operator (DGConv). DGConv is utilized to construct a deep local geometric feature extraction module, facilitating a more comprehensive exploration of the intrinsic geometric information within depth images. Secondly, we integrate the newly proposed deep geometric feature module with the Fully Convolutional Network (FCN8) to establish a high-performance deep neural network algorithm… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Attention Guided Multi Scale Feature Fusion Network for Automatic Prostate Segmentation

    Yuchun Li1,4, Mengxing Huang1,*, Yu Zhang2, Zhiming Bai3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1649-1668, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046883

    Abstract The precise and automatic segmentation of prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images is vital for assisting doctors in diagnosing prostate diseases. In recent years, many advanced methods have been applied to prostate segmentation, but due to the variability caused by prostate diseases, automatic segmentation of the prostate presents significant challenges. In this paper, we propose an attention-guided multi-scale feature fusion network (AGMSF-Net) to segment prostate MRI images. We propose an attention mechanism for extracting multi-scale features, and introduce a 3D transformer module to enhance global feature representation by adding it during the transition phase from encoder to decoder. In the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilevel Attention Unet Segmentation Algorithm for Lung Cancer Based on CT Images

    Huan Wang1, Shi Qiu1,2,*, Benyue Zhang1, Lixuan Xiao3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1569-1589, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046821

    Abstract Lung cancer is a malady of the lungs that gravely jeopardizes human health. Therefore, early detection and treatment are paramount for the preservation of human life. Lung computed tomography (CT) image sequences can explicitly delineate the pathological condition of the lungs. To meet the imperative for accurate diagnosis by physicians, expeditious segmentation of the region harboring lung cancer is of utmost significance. We utilize computer-aided methods to emulate the diagnostic process in which physicians concentrate on lung cancer in a sequential manner, erect an interpretable model, and attain segmentation of lung cancer. The specific advancements can be encapsulated as follows:… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhanced Wolf Pack Algorithm (EWPA) and Dense-kUNet Segmentation for Arterial Calcifications in Mammograms

    Afnan M. Alhassan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2207-2223, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046427

    Abstract Breast Arterial Calcification (BAC) is a mammographic decision dissimilar to cancer and commonly observed in elderly women. Thus identifying BAC could provide an expense, and be inaccurate. Recently Deep Learning (DL) methods have been introduced for automatic BAC detection and quantification with increased accuracy. Previously, classification with deep learning had reached higher efficiency, but designing the structure of DL proved to be an extremely challenging task due to overfitting models. It also is not able to capture the patterns and irregularities presented in the images. To solve the overfitting problem, an optimal feature set has been formed by Enhanced Wolf… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Adaptive Segmentation for Unconstrained Iris Recognition

    Mustafa AlRifaee1, Sally Almanasra2,*, Adnan Hnaif3, Ahmad Althunibat3, Mohammad Abdallah3, Thamer Alrawashdeh3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 1591-1609, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.043520

    Abstract In standard iris recognition systems, a cooperative imaging framework is employed that includes a light source with a near-infrared wavelength to reveal iris texture, look-and-stare constraints, and a close distance requirement to the capture device. When these conditions are relaxed, the system’s performance significantly deteriorates due to segmentation and feature extraction problems. Herein, a novel segmentation algorithm is proposed to correctly detect the pupil and limbus boundaries of iris images captured in unconstrained environments. First, the algorithm scans the whole iris image in the Hue Saturation Value (HSV) color space for local maxima to detect the sclera region. The image… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Scale Mixed Attention Tea Shoot Instance Segmentation Model

    Dongmei Chen1, Peipei Cao1, Lijie Yan1, Huidong Chen1, Jia Lin1, Xin Li2, Lin Yuan3, Kaihua Wu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 261-275, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046331

    Abstract Tea leaf picking is a crucial stage in tea production that directly influences the quality and value of the tea. Traditional tea-picking machines may compromise the quality of the tea leaves. High-quality teas are often handpicked and need more delicate operations in intelligent picking machines. Compared with traditional image processing techniques, deep learning models have stronger feature extraction capabilities, and better generalization and are more suitable for practical tea shoot harvesting. However, current research mostly focuses on shoot detection and cannot directly accomplish end-to-end shoot segmentation tasks. We propose a tea shoot instance segmentation model based on multi-scale mixed attention… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Real-Time Detection and Instance Segmentation of Strawberry in Unstructured Environment

    Chengjun Wang1,2, Fan Ding2,*, Yiwen Wang1, Renyuan Wu1, Xingyu Yao2, Chengjie Jiang1, Liuyi Ling1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1481-1501, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046876

    Abstract The real-time detection and instance segmentation of strawberries constitute fundamental components in the development of strawberry harvesting robots. Real-time identification of strawberries in an unstructured environment is a challenging task. Current instance segmentation algorithms for strawberries suffer from issues such as poor real-time performance and low accuracy. To this end, the present study proposes an Efficient YOLACT (E-YOLACT) algorithm for strawberry detection and segmentation based on the YOLACT framework. The key enhancements of the E-YOLACT encompass the development of a lightweight attention mechanism, pyramid squeeze shuffle attention (PSSA), for efficient feature extraction. Additionally, an attention-guided context-feature pyramid network (AC-FPN) is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Leveraging Augmented Reality, Semantic-Segmentation, and VANETs for Enhanced Driver’s Safety Assistance

    Sitara Afzal1, Imran Ullah Khan1, Irfan Mehmood2, Jong Weon Lee1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1443-1460, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046707

    Abstract Overtaking is a crucial maneuver in road transportation that requires a clear view of the road ahead. However, limited visibility of ahead vehicles can often make it challenging for drivers to assess the safety of overtaking maneuvers, leading to accidents and fatalities. In this paper, we consider atrous convolution, a powerful tool for explicitly adjusting the field-of-view of a filter as well as controlling the resolution of feature responses generated by Deep Convolutional Neural Networks in the context of semantic image segmentation. This article explores the potential of seeing-through vehicles as a solution to enhance overtaking safety. See-through vehicles leverage… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    An Improved Solov2 Based on Attention Mechanism and Weighted Loss Function for Electrical Equipment Instance Segmentation

    Junpeng Wu1,2,*, Zhenpeng Liu2, Xingfan Jiang2, Xinguang Tao2, Ye Zhang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 677-694, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045759

    Abstract The current existing problem of deep learning framework for the detection and segmentation of electrical equipment is dominantly related to low precision. Because of the reliable, safe and easy-to-operate technology provided by deep learning-based video surveillance for unmanned inspection of electrical equipment, this paper uses the bottleneck attention module (BAM) attention mechanism to improve the Solov2 model and proposes a new electrical equipment segmentation mode. Firstly, the BAM attention mechanism is integrated into the feature extraction network to adaptively learn the correlation between feature channels, thereby improving the expression ability of the feature map; secondly, the weighted sum of CrossEntropy… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ProNet Adaptive Retinal Vessel Segmentation Algorithm Based on Improved UperNet Network

    Sijia Zhu1,*, Pinxiu Wang2, Ke Shen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 283-302, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045506

    Abstract This paper proposes a new network structure, namely the ProNet network. Retinal medical image segmentation can help clinical diagnosis of related eye diseases and is essential for subsequent rational treatment. The baseline model of the ProNet network is UperNet (Unified perceptual parsing Network), and the backbone network is ConvNext (Convolutional Network). A network structure based on depth-separable convolution and 1 × 1 convolution is used, which has good performance and robustness. We further optimise ProNet mainly in two aspects. One is data enhancement using increased noise and slight angle rotation, which can significantly increase the diversity of data and help… More >

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