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  • Open Access


    Reliable Failure Restoration with Bayesian Congestion Aware for Software Defined Networks

    Babangida Isyaku1,2,*, Kamalrulnizam Bin Abu Bakar1, Wamda Nagmeldin3, Abdelzahir Abdelmaboud4, Faisal Saeed5,6, Fuad A. Ghaleb1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.3, pp. 3729-3748, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034509

    Abstract Software Defined Networks (SDN) introduced better network management by decoupling control and data plane. However, communication reliability is the desired property in computer networks. The frequency of communication link failure degrades network performance, and service disruptions are likely to occur. Emerging network applications, such as delay-sensitive applications, suffer packet loss with higher Round Trip Time (RTT). Several failure recovery schemes have been proposed to address link failure recovery issues in SDN. However, these schemes have various weaknesses, which may not always guarantee service availability. Communication paths differ in their roles; some paths are critical because of the higher frequency usage.… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Crow Search with Deep Learning-Based Cyberattack Detection in SDN-IoT Environment

    Abdelwahed Motwakel1,*, Fadwa Alrowais2, Khaled Tarmissi3, Radwa Marzouk4, Abdullah Mohamed5, Abu Sarwar Zamani1, Ishfaq Yaseen1, Mohamed I. Eldesouki6

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 3157-3173, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.034908

    Abstract The paradigm shift towards the Internet of Things (IoT) phenomenon and the rise of edge-computing models provide massive potential for several upcoming IoT applications like smart grid, smart energy, smart home, smart health and smart transportation services. However, it also provides a sequence of novel cyber-security issues. Although IoT networks provide several advantages, the heterogeneous nature of the network and the wide connectivity of the devices make the network easy for cyber-attackers. Cyberattacks result in financial loss and data breaches for organizations and individuals. So, it becomes crucial to secure the IoT environment from such cyberattacks. With this motivation, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Resource Allocations for Software-Defined Mission-Critical IoT Services

    Chaebeen Nam1, Sa Math1, Prohim Tam1, Seokhoon Kim1,2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 4087-4102, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030575

    Abstract Heterogeneous Internet of Things (IoT) applications generate a diversity of novelty applications and services in next-generation networks (NGN), which is essential to guarantee end-to-end (E2E) communication resources for both control plane (CP) and data plane (DP). Likewise, the heterogeneous 5th generation (5G) communication applications, including Mobile Broadband Communications (MBBC), massive Machine-Type Commutation (mMTC), and ultra-reliable low latency communications (URLLC), obligate to perform intelligent Quality-of-Service (QoS) Class Identifier (QCI), while the CP entities will be suffered from the complicated massive HIOT applications. Moreover, the existing management and orchestration (MANO) models are inappropriate for resource utilization and allocation in large-scale and complicated… More >

  • Open Access


    HDLIDP: A Hybrid Deep Learning Intrusion Detection and Prevention Framework

    Magdy M. Fadel1,*, Sally M. El-Ghamrawy2, Amr M. T. Ali-Eldin1, Mohammed K. Hassan3, Ali I. El-Desoky1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2293-2312, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.028287

    Abstract Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks are designed to interrupt network services such as email servers and webpages in traditional computer networks. Furthermore, the enormous number of connected devices makes it difficult to operate such a network effectively. Software defined networks (SDN) are networks that are managed through a centralized control system, according to researchers. This controller is the brain of any SDN, composing the forwarding table of all data plane network switches. Despite the advantages of SDN controllers, DDoS attacks are easier to perpetrate than on traditional networks. Because the controller is a single point of failure, if it fails, the… More >

  • Open Access


    Artificial Intelligence Based Smart Routing in Software Defined Networks

    C. Aswini1,*, M. L. Valarmathi2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.2, pp. 1279-1293, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.022023

    Abstract In a non-static information exchange network, routing is an overly complex task to perform, which has to satisfy all the needs of the network. Software Defined Network (SDN) is the latest and widely used technology in the future communication networks, which would provide smart routing that is visible universally. The various features of routing are supported by the information centric network, which minimizes the congestion in the dataflow in a network and provides the content awareness through its mined mastery. Due to the advantages of the information centric network, the concepts of the information-centric network has been used in the… More >

  • Open Access


    An Intrusion Detection System for SDN Using Machine Learning

    G. Logeswari*, S. Bose, T. Anitha

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.1, pp. 867-880, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.026769

    Abstract Software Defined Networking (SDN) has emerged as a promising and exciting option for the future growth of the internet. SDN has increased the flexibility and transparency of the managed, centralized, and controlled network. On the other hand, these advantages create a more vulnerable environment with substantial risks, culminating in network difficulties, system paralysis, online banking frauds, and robberies. These issues have a significant detrimental impact on organizations, enterprises, and even economies. Accuracy, high performance, and real-time systems are necessary to achieve this goal. Using a SDN to extend intelligent machine learning methodologies in an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) has stimulated… More >

  • Open Access


    Adaptive Server Load Balancing in SDN Using PID Neural Network Controller

    R. Malavika1,*, M. L. Valarmathi2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.1, pp. 229-243, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.020947

    Abstract Web service applications are increasing tremendously in support of high-level businesses. There must be a need of better server load balancing mechanism for improving the performance of web services in business. Though many load balancing methods exist, there is still a need for sophisticated load balancing mechanism for not letting the clients to get frustrated. In this work, the server with minimum response time and the server having less traffic volume were selected for the aimed server to process the forthcoming requests. The Servers are probed with adaptive control of time with two thresholds L and U to indicate the… More >

  • Open Access


    Q-Learning Based Routing Protocol for Congestion Avoidance

    Daniel Godfrey1, Beom-Su Kim1, Haoran Miao1, Babar Shah2, Bashir Hayat3, Imran Khan4, Tae-Eung Sung5, Ki-Il Kim1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.3, pp. 3671-3692, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017475

    Abstract The end-to-end delay in a wired network is strongly dependent on congestion on intermediate nodes. Among lots of feasible approaches to avoid congestion efficiently, congestion-aware routing protocols tend to search for an uncongested path toward the destination through rule-based approaches in reactive/incident-driven and distributed methods. However, these previous approaches have a problem accommodating the changing network environments in autonomous and self-adaptive operations dynamically. To overcome this drawback, we present a new congestion-aware routing protocol based on a Q-learning algorithm in software-defined networks where logically centralized network operation enables intelligent control and management of network resources. In a proposed routing protocol,… More >

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