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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Narrowband Line Spectrum Noise Control Method Based on Nearest Neighbor Filter and BP Neural Network Feedback Mechanism

    Shuiping Zhang1,2, Xi Liang3, Lin Shi2, Lei Yan4, Jun Tang1,2,*

    Sound & Vibration, Vol.57, pp. 29-44, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sv.2023.041350

    Abstract The filter-x least mean square (FxLMS) algorithm is widely used in active noise control (ANC) systems. However, because the algorithm is a feedback control algorithm based on the minimization of the error signal variance to update the filter coefficients, it has a certain delay, usually has a slow convergence speed, and the system response time is long and easily affected by the learning rate leading to the lack of system stability, which often fails to achieve the desired control effect in practice. In this paper, we propose an active control algorithm with nearest-neighbor trap structure and neural network feedback mechanism… More > Graphic Abstract

    Research on Narrowband Line Spectrum Noise Control Method Based on Nearest Neighbor Filter and BP Neural Network Feedback Mechanism

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Managing Smart Technologies with Software-Defined Networks for Routing and Security Challenges: A Survey

    Babangida Isyaku1,2, Kamalrulnizam Bin Abu Bakar2,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 1839-1879, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040456

    Abstract Smart environments offer various services, including smart cities, e-healthcare, transportation, and wearable devices, generating multiple traffic flows with different Quality of Service (QoS) demands. Achieving the desired QoS with security in this heterogeneous environment can be challenging due to traffic flows and device management, unoptimized routing with resource awareness, and security threats. Software Defined Networks (SDN) can help manage these devices through centralized SDN controllers and address these challenges. Various schemes have been proposed to integrate SDN with emerging technologies for better resource utilization and security. Software Defined Wireless Body Area Networks (SDWBAN) and Software Defined Internet of Things (SDIoT)… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Defected Ground Structure Multiple Input-Output Antenna For Wireless Applications

    Ramya Sridhar1,*, Vijayalakshimi Patteeswaran2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 2109-2122, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036781

    Abstract In this paper, the investigation of a novel compact 2 × 2, 2 × 1, and 1 × 1 Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) based Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna with Defected Ground Structure (DGS) is employed. The proposed Electromagnetic Radiation Structures (ERS) is composed of multiple radiating elements. These MIMO antennas are designed and analyzed with and without DGS. The feeding is introduced by a microstrip-fed line to significantly moderate the radiating structure’s overall size, which is 60 × 40 × 1 mm. The high directivity and divergence characteristics are attained by introducing the microstrip-fed lines perpendicular to each other. And the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    IOT Assisted Biomedical Monitoring Sensors for Healthcare in Human

    S. Periyanayagi1, V. Nandini2,*, K. Basarikodi3, V. Sumathy4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.3, pp. 2853-2868, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.030538

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that refers to the deployment of Internet Protocol (IP) address sensors in health care systems to monitor patients’ health. It has the ability to access the Internet and collect data from sensors. Automated decisions are made after evaluating the information of illness people records. Patients’ health and well-being can be monitored through IoT medical devices. It is possible to trace the origins of biological, medical equipment and processes. Human reliability is a major concern in user activity and fitness trackers in day-to-day activities. The fundamental challenge is to measure the efficiency of… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Band Metamaterial Antenna for Terahertz Applications

    Adel Y. I. Ashyap1, M. Inam2, M. R. Kamarudin1, M. H. Dahri3, Z. A. Shamsan4,*, K. Almuhanna4, F. Alorifi4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 1765-1782, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.030618

    Abstract A multi-band metamaterial antenna is proposed to operate at the terahertz (THz) band for medical applications. The proposed structure is designed on a polyimide as a support layer, and its radiating elements are made of graphene. Initially, the design is started with a conventional shape showing a single operating frequency at 1.1 THz. To achieve a multi-band operating frequency, the conventional shape was replaced with the proposed metamaterial as a radiating patch that has properties not exist in nature. The multi-band frequencies are obtained without compromising the overall size of the design. The overall size is 600 × 600 × 25 μm3. The operating… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Capacitive Coupled Wide-Notch Stepped Impedance Narrow-Band Bandpass Filter for WiMax Application

    A. Kayalvizhi*, G. Sankara Malliga

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 501-514, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022855

    Abstract The development of wireless communication standards necessitates optimal filter design for the selection of appropriate bands of frequencies. In this work, a compact in size pair of parallel coupled symmetric stepped impedance-based resonator is designed with supporting to the WiMAX communication standards. The coupled resonator is tuned to allow the frequency band between 3.4 GHz and 3.8 GHz, which is centered at 3.6 GHz. A parasitic effect of capacitively coupled feed structure is used for exciting the two symmetrical stepped impedance resonators. The bandwidth and selectivity of the filter are enhanced with the change of characteristic impedances and controlling the coupling gap between… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Triple-Band Metamaterial Inspired Antenna for Future Terahertz (THz) Applications

    Adel Y. I. Ashyap1, S. Alamri2, S. H. Dahlan1,*, Z. Z. Abidin3, M. Inam Abbasi4, Huda A. Majid2, M. R. Kamarudin1, Y. A. Al-Gumaei5, M. Hashim Dahri6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 1071-1087, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025636

    Abstract For future healthcare in the terahertz (THz) band, a triple-band microstrip planar antenna integrated with metamaterial (MTM) based on a polyimide substrate is presented. The frequencies of operation are 500, 600, and 880 GHz. The triple-band capability is accomplished by etching metamaterial on the patch without affecting the overall antenna size. Instead of a partial ground plane, a full ground plane is used as a buffer to shield the body from back radiation emitted by the antenna. The overall dimension of the proposed antenna is 484 × 484 μm2. The antenna's performance is investigated based on different crucial factors, and excellent results are… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Novel Design of UWB Jeans Based Textile Antenna for Body-Centric Communications

    Mohammad Monirujjaman Khan1,*, Bright Yeboah-Akowuah2, Kaisarul Islam1, Eric Tutu Tchao2, Sumanta Bhattacharyya3, Rajesh Dey4, Mehedi Masud5, Fahad Alraddady6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.42, No.3, pp. 1079-1093, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.022313

    Abstract This research presents an ultra-wideband (UWB) textile antenna design for body-centric applications. The antenna is printed on a 1 mm thick denim substrate with a 1.7 relative permittivity. The jeans substrate is sandwiched between a partial ground plane and a radiating patch with a Q-shaped slot. The slotted radiating patch is placed above the substrate and measures 27.8 mm × 23.8 mm. In free space, the antenna covers the ultra-wideband spectrum designated by the Federal Communication Commission (FCC). Various parameters of the antenna design were changed for further performance evaluation. Depending on the operating frequency, the antenna's realized gain varied from 2.7 to 5 dB. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Traffic Priority-Aware Medical Data Dissemination Scheme for IoT Based WBASN Healthcare Applications

    Muhammad Anwar1, Farhan Masud2, Rizwan Aslam Butt3, Sevia Mahdaliza Idrus4,*, Mohammad Nazir Ahmad5, Mohd Yazid Bajuri6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.3, pp. 4443-4456, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022826

    Abstract Wireless Body Area Sensor Network (WBASN) is an automated system for remote health monitoring of patients. WBASN under umbrella of Internet of Things (IoT) is comprised of small Biomedical Sensor Nodes (BSNs) that can communicate with each other without human involvement. These BSNs can be placed on human body or inside the skin of the patients to regularly monitor their vital signs. The BSNs generate critical data as it is related to patient's health. The data traffic can be classified as Sensitive Data (SD) and Non-sensitive Data (ND) packets based on the value of vital signs. These data packets have… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Authentication in Wireless Body Area Network: Taxonomy and Open Challenges

    Abdullah M. Almuhaideb, Kawther S. Alqudaihi*

    Journal on Internet of Things, Vol.3, No.4, pp. 159-182, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jiot.2021.018088

    Abstract Wearable body area network (WBAN) aids the communication between the health providers and patients by supporting health monitoring services. It assists the users to maintain their health status records by collecting the body signals and transmitting them for further processing measurements. However, sensor data are publicly transferred through insecure network that facilitates the attacker malicious acts like performing masquerading attack, man in the middle, and snooping. Several authentication techniques were suggested to levitate the security of the communication channels to preserve the user data from exposure. Moreover, authentication schemes aid plenty of security issues related to user and data privacy,… More >

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