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  • Open Access


    Gated Fusion Based Transformer Model for Crack Detection on Wind Turbine Blade

    Wenyang Tang1,2, Cong Liu1,*, Bo Zhang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2667-2681, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.040743

    Abstract Harsh working environments and wear between blades and other unit components can easily lead to cracks and damage on wind turbine blades. The cracks on the blades can endanger the shafting of the generator set, the tower and other components, and even cause the tower to collapse. To achieve high-precision wind blade crack detection, this paper proposes a crack fault-detection strategy that integrates Gated Residual Network (GRN), a fusion module and Transformer. Firstly, GRN can reduce unnecessary noisy inputs that could negatively impact performance while preserving the integrity of feature information. In addition, to gain in-depth information about the characteristics… More >

  • Open Access


    Simulation of Offshore Wind Turbine Blade Docking Based on the Stewart Platform

    Yi Zhang*, Jiamin Guo, Huanghua Peng

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.11, pp. 2489-2502, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.029496

    Abstract The windy environment is the main cause affecting the efficiency of offshore wind turbine installation. In order to improve the stability and efficiency of single-blade installation of offshore wind turbines under high wind speed conditions, the Stewart platform is used as an auxiliary tool to help dock the wind turbine blade in this paper. In order to verify the effectiveness of the Stewart platform for blade docking, a blade docking simulation system consisting of the Stewart platform, wind turbine blade, and wind load calculation module was built based on Simulink/Simscape Multibody. At the same time, the PID algorithm is used… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Follow-Up Control Strategy of Biaxial Fatigue Test of Wind Turbine Blade Based on Electromagnetic Excitation

    Wenzhe Guo1, Leian Zhang1,*, Chao Lv2, Weisheng Liu3, Jiabin Tian2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2307-2323, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.030029

    Abstract Aiming at the drift problem that the tracking control of the actual load relative to the target load during the electromagnetic excitation biaxial fatigue test of wind turbine blades is easy to drift, a biaxial fatigue testing machine for electromagnetic excitation is designed, and the following strategy of the actual load and the target load is studied. A Fast Transversal Recursive Least Squares algorithm based on fuzzy logic (Fuzzy FTRLS) is proposed to develop a fatigue loading following dynamic strategy, which adjusts the forgetting factor in the algorithm through fuzzy logic to overcome the contradiction between convergence accuracy and convergence… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Finite Difference Method for Solving Nonlinear Static Beam Equations of Wind Turbine Blade Under Large Deflections

    Hang Meng1,*, Jiaxing Wu1, Guangxing Wu1, Kai Long1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09685

    Abstract Wind energy is one of the most promising renewable energies in the world. To generate more electricity, the wind turbines are getting larger and larger in recent decades [1]. With the wind turbine size growing, the length of the blade is getting slender. The large deflections of slender wind turbine blade will inevitably lead to geometric nonlinearities [2], e.g. nonlinear coupling between torsion and deflection, which complicates the governing equations of motion. To simplify the solution of the nonlinear equations, in the current research, a novel finite-difference method was proposed to solve the nonlinear equations of static beam model for… More >

  • Open Access


    Extraction of Strain Characteristic Signals from Wind Turbine Blades Based on EEMD-WT

    Jin Wang1, Zhen Liu1,*, Ying Wang1, Caifeng Wen2,3, Jianwen Wang2,3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.5, pp. 1149-1162, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.025209

    Abstract Analyzing the strain signal of wind turbine blade is the key to studying the load of wind turbine blade, so as to ensure the safe and stable operation of wind turbine in natural environment. The strain signal of the wind turbine blade under continuous crosswind state has typical non-stationary and unsteady characteristics. The strain signal contains a lot of noise, which makes the analysis error. Therefore, it is very important to denoise and extract features of measured signals before signal analysis. In this paper, the joint algorithm of ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and wavelet transform (WT) is used for… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Change of Airfoil Geometric Parameters of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades Caused by Atmospheric Icing

    Xiyang Li1, Yuhao Jia2, Hui Zhang1,*, Bin Cheng1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.6, pp. 2549-2567, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.020854

    Abstract Icing can significantly change the geometric parameters of wind turbine blades, which in turn, can reduce the aerodynamic characteristics of the airfoil. In-depth research is conducted in this study to identify the reasons for the decline of wind power equipment performance through the icing process. An accurate experimental test method is proposed in a natural environment that examines the growth and distribution of ice formation over the airfoil profile. The mathematical models of the airfoil chord length, camber, and thickness are established in order to investigate the variation of geometric airfoil parameters under different icing states. The results show that… More >

  • Open Access


    An Advanced Control Strategy for Dual-Actuator Driving System in Full-Scale Fatigue Test of Wind Turbine Blades

    Guanhua Wang1, Jinghua Wang1, Xuemei Huang1,*, Leian Zhang1, Weisheng Liu2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.4, pp. 1649-1662, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019695

    Abstract A new dual-actuator fatigue loading system of wind turbine blades was designed. Compared with the traditional pendulum loading mode, the masses in this system only moved linearly along the loading direction to increase the exciting force. However, the two actuators and the blade constituted a complicated non-linear energy transferring system, which led to the non-synchronization of actuators. On-site test results showed that the virtual spindle synchronous strategy commonly used in synchronous control was undesirable and caused the instability of the blade’s amplitude eventually. A cross-coupled control strategy based on the active disturbance rejection algorithm was proposed. Firstly, a control system… More >

  • Open Access


    Study of the Flow Mechanism of Wind Turbine Blades in the Yawed Condition

    Shuang Zhao1,2,3, Xijun Li4, Jianwen Wang1,2,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.4, pp. 1379-1392, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019776

    Abstract The computational fluid dynamics method was used to simulate the flow field around a wind turbine at the yaw angles of 0°, 15°, 30°, and 45°. The angle of attack and the relative velocity of the spanwise sections of the blade were extracted with the reference points method. By analyzing the pressure distribution and the flow characteristics of the blade surface, the flow mechanism of the blade surface in the yawed condition was discussed. The results showed that the variations of the angle of attack and the relative velocity were related to the azimuth angle and the radius in the… More >

  • Open Access


    Initiation Mechanism of Transverse Cracks in Wind Turbine Blade Trailing Edge

    Jinghua Wang1, Leian Zhang1, Xuemei Huang1,*, Jinfeng Zhang2, Chengwei Yuan1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.1, pp. 407-418, 2022, DOI:10.32604/EE.2022.016439

    Abstract Transverse crack often occurs in the trailing edge region of the blade when subjected to the excessive edgewise fatigue load. In this paper a refined model was established through local mesh refinement methods in order to investigate the initiation mechanism of crack and its extension in blade trailing edge. The material stress around the crack in trailing edge region under different thicknesses is calculated based on the fracture mechanics theory. The factors affecting the fatigue robustness of blade trailing edge are concluded by investigating the results of finite element analysis and coupons test. Compared with the laminate, the lower fatigue… More >

  • Open Access


    Multi-Scale Superhydrophobic Anti-Icing Coating for Wind Turbine Blades

    Jiangyong Bao1, Jianjun He1,*, Biao Chen2, Kaijun Yang1, Jun Jie2, Ruifeng Wang1, Shihao Zhang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.4, pp. 947-959, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014535

    Abstract As a surface functional material, super-hydrophobic coating has great application potential in wind turbine blade anti-icing, self-cleaning and drag reduction. In this study, ZnO and SiO2 multi-scale superhydrophobic coatings with mechanical flexibility were prepared by embedding modified ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles in PDMS. The prepared coating has a higher static water contact angle (CA is 153°) and a lower rolling angle (SA is 3.3°), showing excellent super-hydrophobicity. Because of its excellent superhydrophobic ability and micro-nano structure, the coating has good anti-icing ability. Under the conditions of −10°C and 60% relative humidity, the coating can delay the freezing time by 1511S,… More >

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