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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comprehensive Analysis of Gender Classification Accuracy across Varied Geographic Regions through the Application of Deep Learning Algorithms to Speech Signals

    Abhishek Singhal*, Devendra Kumar Sharma

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 609-625, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.046730

    Abstract This article presents an exhaustive comparative investigation into the accuracy of gender identification across diverse geographical regions, employing a deep learning classification algorithm for speech signal analysis. In this study, speech samples are categorized for both training and testing purposes based on their geographical origin. Category 1 comprises speech samples from speakers outside of India, whereas Category 2 comprises live-recorded speech samples from Indian speakers. Testing speech samples are likewise classified into four distinct sets, taking into consideration both geographical origin and the language spoken by the speakers. Significantly, the results indicate a noticeable difference in gender identification accuracy among… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Hybrid Ensemble Learning Approach for Enhancing Accuracy and Sustainability in Wind Power Forecasting

    Farhan Ullah1, Xuexia Zhang1,*, Mansoor Khan2, Muhammad Abid3,*, Abdullah Mohamed4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3373-3395, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048656

    Abstract Accurate wind power forecasting is critical for system integration and stability as renewable energy reliance grows. Traditional approaches frequently struggle with complex data and non-linear connections. This article presents a novel approach for hybrid ensemble learning that is based on rigorous requirements engineering concepts. The approach finds significant parameters influencing forecasting accuracy by evaluating real-time Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA2) data from several European Wind farms using in-depth stakeholder research and requirements elicitation. Ensemble learning is used to develop a robust model, while a temporal convolutional network handles time-series complexities and data gaps. The ensemble-temporal neural network… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Customized Convolutional Neural Network for Accurate Detection of Deep Fake Images in Video Collections

    Dmitry Gura1,2, Bo Dong3,*, Duaa Mehiar4, Nidal Al Said5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1995-2014, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048238

    Abstract The motivation for this study is that the quality of deep fakes is constantly improving, which leads to the need to develop new methods for their detection. The proposed Customized Convolutional Neural Network method involves extracting structured data from video frames using facial landmark detection, which is then used as input to the CNN. The customized Convolutional Neural Network method is the date augmented-based CNN model to generate ‘fake data’ or ‘fake images’. This study was carried out using Python and its libraries. We used 242 films from the dataset gathered by the Deep Fake Detection Challenge, of which 199… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Correlation Composition Awareness Model with Pair Collaborative Localization for IoT Authentication and Localization

    Kranthi Alluri, S. Gopikrishnan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 943-961, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048621

    Abstract Secure authentication and accurate localization among Internet of Things (IoT) sensors are pivotal for the functionality and integrity of IoT networks. IoT authentication and localization are intricate and symbiotic, impacting both the security and operational functionality of IoT systems. Hence, accurate localization and lightweight authentication on resource-constrained IoT devices pose several challenges. To overcome these challenges, recent approaches have used encryption techniques with well-known key infrastructures. However, these methods are inefficient due to the increasing number of data breaches in their localization approaches. This proposed research efficiently integrates authentication and localization processes in such a way that they complement each… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Prediction Model of Wax Deposition Rate in Waxy Crude Oil Pipelines by Elman Neural Network Based on Improved Reptile Search Algorithm

    Zhuo Chen1,*, Ningning Wang2, Wenbo Jin3, Dui Li1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 1007-1026, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.045270

    Abstract A hard problem that hinders the movement of waxy crude oil is wax deposition in oil pipelines. To ensure the safe operation of crude oil pipelines, an accurate model must be developed to predict the rate of wax deposition in crude oil pipelines. Aiming at the shortcomings of the ENN prediction model, which easily falls into the local minimum value and weak generalization ability in the implementation process, an optimized ENN prediction model based on the IRSA is proposed. The validity of the new model was confirmed by the accurate prediction of two sets of experimental data on wax deposition… More > Graphic Abstract

    Prediction Model of Wax Deposition Rate in Waxy Crude Oil Pipelines by Elman Neural Network Based on Improved Reptile Search Algorithm

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Improving the Accuracy of Vegetation Index Retrieval for Biomass by Combining Ground-UAV Hyperspectral Data–A New Method for Inner Mongolia Typical Grasslands

    Ruochen Wang1,#, Jianjun Dong2,#, Lishan Jin3, Yuyan Sun3, Taogetao Baoyin2, Xiumei Wang*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 387-411, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.047573

    Abstract Grassland biomass is an important parameter of grassland ecosystems. The complexity of the grassland canopy vegetation spectrum makes the long-term assessment of grassland growth a challenge. Few studies have explored the original spectral information of typical grasslands in Inner Mongolia and examined the influence of spectral information on aboveground biomass (AGB) estimation. In order to improve the accuracy of vegetation index inversion of grassland AGB, this study combined ground and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) remote sensing technology and screened sensitive bands through ground hyperspectral data transformation and correlation analysis. The narrow band vegetation indices were calculated, and ground and airborne… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimizing Deep Neural Networks for Face Recognition to Increase Training Speed and Improve Model Accuracy

    Mostafa Diba*, Hossein Khosravi

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 315-332, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.046590

    Abstract Convolutional neural networks continually evolve to enhance accuracy in addressing various problems, leading to an increase in computational cost and model size. This paper introduces a novel approach for pruning face recognition models based on convolutional neural networks. The proposed method identifies and removes inefficient filters based on the information volume in feature maps. In each layer, some feature maps lack useful information, and there exists a correlation between certain feature maps. Filters associated with these two types of feature maps impose additional computational costs on the model. By eliminating filters related to these categories of feature maps, the reduction… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Design of a Lightweight Compressed Video Stream-Based Patient Activity Monitoring System

    Sangeeta Yadav1, Preeti Gulia1,*, Nasib Singh Gill1,*, Piyush Kumar Shukla2, Arfat Ahmad Khan3, Sultan Alharby4, Ahmed Alhussen4, Mohd Anul Haq5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1253-1274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042869

    Abstract Inpatient falls from beds in hospitals are a common problem. Such falls may result in severe injuries. This problem can be addressed by continuous monitoring of patients using cameras. Recent advancements in deep learning-based video analytics have made this task of fall detection more effective and efficient. Along with fall detection, monitoring of different activities of the patients is also of significant concern to assess the improvement in their health. High computation-intensive models are required to monitor every action of the patient precisely. This requirement limits the applicability of such networks. Hence, to keep the model lightweight, the already designed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting the International Roughness Index of JPCP and CRCP Rigid Pavement: A Random Forest (RF) Model Hybridized with Modified Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) for Higher Accuracy

    Zhou Ji1, Mengmeng Zhou2, Qiang Wang2, Jiandong Huang3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.2, pp. 1557-1582, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.046025

    Abstract To improve the prediction accuracy of the International Roughness Index (IRI) of Jointed Plain Concrete Pavements (JPCP) and Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements (CRCP), a machine learning approach is developed in this study for the modelling, combining an improved Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) algorithm and Random Forest (RF) model. The 10-fold cross-validation was applied to verify the reliability and accuracy of the model proposed in this study. The importance scores of all input variables on the IRI of JPCP and CRCP were analysed as well. The results by the comparative analysis showed the prediction accuracy of the IRI of the newly… More > Graphic Abstract

    Predicting the International Roughness Index of JPCP and CRCP Rigid Pavement: A Random Forest (RF) Model Hybridized with Modified Beetle Antennae Search (MBAS) for Higher Accuracy

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Toward Improved Accuracy in Quasi-Static Elastography Using Deep Learning

    Yue Mei1,2,3, Jianwei Deng1,2, Dongmei Zhao1,2, Changjiang Xiao1,2, Tianhang Wang4, Li Dong5, Xuefeng Zhu1,6,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 911-935, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043810

    Abstract Elastography is a non-invasive medical imaging technique to map the spatial variation of elastic properties of soft tissues. The quality of reconstruction results in elastography is highly sensitive to the noise induced by imaging measurements and processing. To address this issue, we propose a deep learning (DL) model based on conditional Generative Adversarial Networks (cGANs) to improve the quality of nonhomogeneous shear modulus reconstruction. To train this model, we generated a synthetic displacement field with finite element simulation under known nonhomogeneous shear modulus distribution. Both the simulated and experimental displacement fields are used to validate the proposed method. The reconstructed… More >

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