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  • Open Access


    Nigerian Biomass for Bioenergy Applications: A Review on the Potential and Challenges

    Adekunle A. Adeleke1,*, Nzerem Petrus2, Salihu Ayuba2, Asmau M. Yahya2, Peter P. Ikubanni3, Ikechuckwu S. Okafor2, Stephen S. Emmanuel4, Adebayo I. Olosho4, Ademidun A. Adesibikan4

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4123-4141, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.043915

    Abstract Nigeria, often referred to as “the giant of Africa,” boasts a sizable population, a thriving economy, and abundant energy resources. Nevertheless, Nigeria has yet to fully harness its renewable energy potential, despite its enormous capacity in this field. The goal of this review paper is to thoroughly examine the difficulties and untapped opportunities in utilizing biomass for bioenergy production in Nigeria. Notably, Nigeria generates substantial volumes of biomass annually, primarily in the form of agricultural waste, which is often either discarded or burned inefficiently, resulting in significant ecological and environmental damage. Therefore, an efficient approach… More > Graphic Abstract

    Nigerian Biomass for Bioenergy Applications: A Review on the Potential and Challenges

  • Open Access


    Advances in the Structural Composition of Biomass: Fundamental and Bioenergy Applications

    Neha Srivastava1,*, Akshay Shrivastav2, Rajeev Singh3, Mohammed Abohashrh4, K. R. Srivastava1, Safia Irfan5, Manish Srivastava1, P. K. Mishra1, Vijai Kumar Gupta6, Vijay Kumar Thakur6,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.4, pp. 615-636, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.014374

    Abstract Increased environmental pollution due to the organic wastes over the world is one of the most burning issues. These organic wastes lie under the category of biodegradable waste and can be effectively degraded from their complex compound into simple one by the action of microbes or other living organisms. Moreover, lignocellulosic biomass is a major part of the biodegradable waste and belongs to the group of renewable energy source, which can be very effective for bioenergy production. Biomasses are made up of different compounds such as cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin and protein. Apart from these components, More >

  • Open Access


    Utilization of Multi-Tasking Non-Edible Plants for Phytoremediation and Bioenergy Source-A Review

    Ibrahim M. Abdelsalam1, Mostafa Elshobary1,3,*, Mohamed M. Eladawy1, Mohammed Nagah2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.88, No.2, pp. 69-90, 2019, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2019.06831

    Abstract Heavy metal contamination of land and freshwater resources is a serious concern worldwide. It adversely affects the health of animals, plants and humans. Therefore, remediation of toxic heavy metals must be highly considered. Unlike other techniques, phytoremediation is a holistic technology and can be used in large scale for soil remediation as it is costless, novel, environmentally-safe and solar-driven technology. Utilization of non-edible plants in phytoremediation is an ingenious technique as they are used to generate new bioenergy resources along with the remediation of contaminated soils. Some nonfood bioenergy crops such as Salix species, Miscanthus… More >

  • Open Access


    Production of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) by Bacillus megaterium DSM 32 from Residual Glycerol of the Bioenergy Industry

    Enzo Alvarado-Cordero1, Gabriela Montes de Oca-Vásquez2, Reinaldo Pereira-Reyes2, José Vega-Baudrit2, Marianelly Esquivel-Alfaro1*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.5, No.3-4, pp. 323-331, 2017, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2017.634123

    Abstract Biodegradable polymers from renewable resources are generating growing interest in the plastic industry because they have properties similar to synthetic polymers. Polyhydroxyalkanoates, mainly polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), have mechanical and physicochemical properties very similar to their synthetic counterparts. This work explores the use of residual glycerol from the bioenergy industry for the production of PHB by Bacillus megaterium DSM 32. The glycerol works as a source of carbon and energy. Raw glycerol was purified with sulfuric acid in order to neutralize saponified fatty acids. The purification process generated three different phases. One of the phases was the… More >

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