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Nigerian Biomass for Bioenergy Applications: A Review on the Potential and Challenges

Adekunle A. Adeleke1,*, Nzerem Petrus2, Salihu Ayuba2, Asmau M. Yahya2, Peter P. Ikubanni3, Ikechuckwu S. Okafor2, Stephen S. Emmanuel4, Adebayo I. Olosho4, Ademidun A. Adesibikan4

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, 900001, Nigeria
2 Department of Petroleum and Gas Engineering, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, 900001, Nigeria
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, 251103, Nigeria
4 Department of Industrial Chemistry, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, 240003, Nigeria

* Corresponding Author: Adekunle A. Adeleke. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Advanced Renewable Mineral and Energy Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(12), 4123-4141. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043915

Abstract

Nigeria, often referred to as “the giant of Africa,” boasts a sizable population, a thriving economy, and abundant energy resources. Nevertheless, Nigeria has yet to fully harness its renewable energy potential, despite its enormous capacity in this field. The goal of this review paper is to thoroughly examine the difficulties and untapped opportunities in utilizing biomass for bioenergy production in Nigeria. Notably, Nigeria generates substantial volumes of biomass annually, primarily in the form of agricultural waste, which is often either discarded or burned inefficiently, resulting in significant ecological and environmental damage. Therefore, an efficient approach to reducing pollution and transforming waste into wealth involves converting these biomass resources into energy. This work critically examines the status of biomass utilization for energy applications in Nigeria and highlights the bottlenecks that impede its widespread adoption. The review emphasizes the economic and ecological advantages of biomass utilization over traditional waste treatment methods. Additionally, it underscores the appeal of biomass as an industrial fuel source, particularly considering the current high cost of fossil fuels in contemporary Nigeria. Relevant literature on biomass, energy, agricultural waste, fossil fuel, and calorific value in the context of Nigeria was reviewed by utilizing a thorough search technique in key scientific databases. The analysis did not include any non-English publications. The findings of this research provide valuable insights into the challenges faced in maximizing Nigeria’s biomass potential and offer strategic recommendations to promote the use of biomass for bioenergy development. This review paper will assist a wide range of local and international readers, as well as industries interested in green and bioenergy, in making informed decisions regarding the most suitable types of biomass for biofuel production.

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Nigerian Biomass for Bioenergy Applications: A Review on the Potential and Challenges

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Cite This Article

APA Style
Adeleke, A.A., Petrus, N., Ayuba, S., Yahya, A.M., Ikubanni, P.P. et al. (2023). Nigerian biomass for bioenergy applications: A review on the potential and challenges. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(12), 4123-4141. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043915
Vancouver Style
Adeleke AA, Petrus N, Ayuba S, Yahya AM, Ikubanni PP, Okafor IS, et al. Nigerian biomass for bioenergy applications: A review on the potential and challenges. J Renew Mater. 2023;11(12):4123-4141 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043915
IEEE Style
A.A. Adeleke et al., "Nigerian Biomass for Bioenergy Applications: A Review on the Potential and Challenges," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 4123-4141. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2023.043915



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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