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A Comprehensive Analysis of the Thermo-Chemical Properties of Sudanese Biomass for Sustainable Applications

Wadah Mohammed1,2, Zeinab Osman2, Salah Elarabi3, Bertrand Charrier1,*

1 Institute of Analytical Sciences and Physical-Chemistry for the Environment and Materials-Xylomat, University of Pau and the Adour Region, E2S UPPA, CNRS, IPREM-UMR 5254, Mont de Marsan, 40004, France
2 Institute of Engineering Research and Materials Technology (IERMT), National Center for Research (NCR), Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Khartoum, 11111, Sudan
3 Faculty of Industries Engineering and Technology, University of Gezira, Gezira State, 21111, Sudan

* Corresponding Author: Bertrand Charrier. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Renewable Material from Agricultural Waste and By-Product and Its Applications)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2024, 12(4), 721-736. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.031050

Abstract

The chemical composition and thermal properties of natural fibers are the most critical variables that determine the overall properties of the fibers and influence their processing and use in different sustainable applications, such as their conversion into bioenergy and biocomposites. Their thermal and mechanical properties can be estimated by evaluating the content of cellulose, lignin, and other extractives in the fibers. In this research work, the chemical composition and thermal properties of three fibers, namely bagasse, kenaf bast fibers, and cotton stalks, were evaluated to assess their potential utilization in producing biocomposites and bioenergy materials. The chemical composition analysis followed the Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Standards (TAPPI) methods. The total phenol content was quantified using the Folin-Ciocalteu method, while Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was employed to assess the light absorption by the bonds. To evaluate thermal stability and higher heating values, Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), and bomb calorimetry were performed. The chemical analysis revealed that bagasse contained 50.6% cellulose and 21.6% lignin, kenaf bast fibers had 58.5% cellulose and 10% lignin, and cotton stalks exhibited 40.3% cellulose and 21.3% lignin. The FTIR curves demonstrated a notable similarity among the fibers. The TGA analysis showed degradation temperatures of 321°C for bagasse, 354°C for kenaf bast fibers, and 289°C for cotton stalks. The DSC analysis revealed glass transition temperatures of 81°C for bagasse, 66.3°C for cotton stalks, and 64.5°C for kenaf bast fibers. The higher heating values were measured as 17.3, 16.6 and 17.1 MJ/kg for bagasse, kenaf bast fibers, and cotton stalks, respectively. The three fibers have a high potential for biocomposites and bioenergy material manufacturing.

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APA Style
Mohammed, W., Osman, Z., Elarabi, S., Charrier, B. (2024). A comprehensive analysis of the thermo-chemical properties of sudanese biomass for sustainable applications. Journal of Renewable Materials, 12(4), 721-736. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.031050
Vancouver Style
Mohammed W, Osman Z, Elarabi S, Charrier B. A comprehensive analysis of the thermo-chemical properties of sudanese biomass for sustainable applications. J Renew Mater. 2024;12(4):721-736 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.031050
IEEE Style
W. Mohammed, Z. Osman, S. Elarabi, and B. Charrier "A Comprehensive Analysis of the Thermo-Chemical Properties of Sudanese Biomass for Sustainable Applications," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 721-736. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2024.031050



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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