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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Facial Image-Based Autism Detection: A Comparative Study of Deep Neural Network Classifiers

    Tayyaba Farhat1,2, Sheeraz Akram3,*, Hatoon S. AlSagri3, Zulfiqar Ali4, Awais Ahmad3, Arfan Jaffar1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 105-126, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045022

    Abstract Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by significant challenges in social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Timely and precise ASD detection is crucial, particularly in regions with limited diagnostic resources like Pakistan. This study aims to conduct an extensive comparative analysis of various machine learning classifiers for ASD detection using facial images to identify an accurate and cost-effective solution tailored to the local context. The research involves experimentation with VGG16 and MobileNet models, exploring different batch sizes, optimizers, and learning rate schedulers. In addition, the “Orange” machine learning tool is employed to evaluate classifier performance and automated… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Study of Metaheuristic Optimization Algorithms for Solving Real-World Engineering Design Problems

    Elif Varol Altay, Osman Altay, Yusuf Özçevik*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.1, pp. 1039-1094, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029404

    Abstract Real-world engineering design problems with complex objective functions under some constraints are relatively difficult problems to solve. Such design problems are widely experienced in many engineering fields, such as industry, automotive, construction, machinery, and interdisciplinary research. However, there are established optimization techniques that have shown effectiveness in addressing these types of issues. This research paper gives a comparative study of the implementation of seventeen new metaheuristic methods in order to optimize twelve distinct engineering design issues. The algorithms used in the study are listed as: transient search optimization (TSO), equilibrium optimizer (EO), grey wolf optimizer (GWO), moth-flame optimization (MFO), whale… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY AND RHEOLOGY PROPERTIES OF ALUMINA AND MULTI-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBE NANOFLUIDS

    Zan Wua, Zhaozan Fengb, Bengt Sundéna,*, Lars Wadsöc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-10, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.18

    Abstract Thermal conductivity and rheology behavior of two aqueous nanofluids, i.e., alumina and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanofluids, were experimentally investigated and compared with previous analytical models. Information about the possible agglomeration size and interfacial thermal resistance in the nanofluids were obtained and partially validated. By incorporating the effects of interfacial thermal resistance, a revised model was found to accurately reproduce the experimental data based on the agglomeration size extracted from the rheology analysis. In addition, the thermal conductivity change of the alumina/water nanofluid with elapsed time was investigated. Thermal conductivity measurements were also conducted for alumina/water and MWCNT/water nanofluid mixtures. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THERMAL RADIATION EFFECTS ON MHD FLOW OF NANOFLUIDS AND HEAT TRANSFER OVER A STRETCHING SHEET

    T. Sravan Kumar, B. Rushi Kumar*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-7, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.13

    Abstract In this work, the steady natural convective boundary layer flow of nanofluid and heat transfer over a stretching sheet in the presence of a uniform transverse magnetic field is investigated. We consider two different base fluids and three different nanoparticles were examined as nanofluid. A new model was used in the simulation of nanofluid. Similarity transformations are used to obtain a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The resulting equations are solved numerically by shooting method with Runge-Kutta fourth order scheme (MATLAB package). The effects of various parameters describing the transport in the presence of thermal radiation, buoyancy parameter, magnetic… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMPARISON OF BOG TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY IN LNG STATION WITHOUT LNG OUTPUT

    Rongge Xiaoa,* , Zheng Daia, Yue Zhub , Leyuan Suna , Hao Lia , Haiwei Linc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-5, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.2

    Abstract In order to select economical and reasonable Boil-off gas (BOG) treatment technology for different types of liquefied natural gas (LNG) stations, this paper introduces the related technologies of BOG treatment without LNG Output. Using the same working fluid and operating parameters to simulate then the six technologies of pulse tube cryocooler recovery, liquid nitrogen recovery, nitrogen expansion recovery, jet refrigeration recovery, mixed refrigerant refrigeration recovery, and direct compression process were compared in terms of power consumption, economy. On the basis of comparative analysis of power consumption, the actual usage of the above process, and with the payback period as the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison Study and Forensic Analysis between Experiment and Coupled Dynamics Simulation for Submerged Floating Tunnel Segment with Free Ends under Wave Excitations

    Woo Chul Chung1, Chungkuk Jin2,*, MooHyun Kim3, Ju-young Hwang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.137, No.1, pp. 155-174, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.026754

    Abstract This paper presents dynamic-behavior comparisons and related forensic analyses of a submerged floating tunnel (SFT) between numerical simulation and physical experiment under regular and irregular waves. The experiments are conducted in the 3D wave tank with 1:33.3 scale, and the corresponding coupled time-domain simulation tool is devised for comparison. The entire SFT system consists of a long concrete tunnel and 12 tubular aluminum mooring lines. Two numerical simulation models, the Cummins equation with 3D potential theory including second-order wave-body interaction effects and the much simpler Morison-equation-based formula with the lumped-mass-based line model, are designed and compared. Forensic analyses for mooring-line… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison of Self-Strength, Seeking Help and Happiness between Pakistani and Chinese Adolescents: A Positive Psychology Inquiry

    Umaira Tabbasam1, Amjad Islam Amjad2, Tariq Ahmed1, Xing Qiang1,*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.3, pp. 389-402, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.024130

    Abstract Adolescents’ emotions and preferences are influenced by their childhood experiences. In today’s world, there is a pervasive eagerness for happiness. Happiness has been linked to feelings of self-strength, seeking help, and psychological health. The current quantitative research was designed with a positive psychological perspective to compare Pakistani and Chines adolescents’ self-strength, seeking help, and happiness. The research design of the study was causal-comparative. The study population consisted of 400 Pakistani and 409 Chinese adolescents studying in the elementary grades of both countries. The sample was selected by using a simple random sampling technique. It consisted of 413 boys (51%) and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Liver Tumor Decision Support System on Human Magnetic Resonance Images: A Comparative Study

    Hiam Alquran1,2, Yazan Al-Issa3, Mohammed Alslatie4, Isam Abu-Qasmieh1, Amin Alqudah3, Wan Azani Mustafa5,7,*, Yasmin Mohd Yacob6,7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1653-1671, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.033861

    Abstract Liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Early tumor detection may help identify suitable treatment and increase the survival rate. Medical imaging is a non-invasive tool that can help uncover abnormalities in human organs. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), in particular, uses magnetic fields and radio waves to differentiate internal human organs tissue. However, the interpretation of medical images requires the subjective expertise of a radiologist and oncologist. Thus, building an automated diagnosis computer-based system can help specialists reduce incorrect diagnoses. This paper proposes a hybrid automated system to compare the performance of 3D features and 2D… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Comparative Study of Different Drying Processes for a Deformable Saturated Porous Medium

    Nour El Houda Ben Mustaphaa1,3,*, Ibtissem Boumnijel1, M. El-Ganaoui2, Daoued Mihoubi1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.6, pp. 1339-1348, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.022888

    Abstract Drying of a deformable saturated porous medium based on convective tempering is a novel method that can enhance energy efficiency and the quality of the dried product itself. In this experimental investigation, the performances of this specific technique are compared with those of a standard stationary drying process in terms of deformation, drying kinetics, moisture redistribution, and energy consumption. In particular, the response of a deformable saturated porous medium (Kaolin) is considered. The results are critically discussed pointing out advantages and drawbacks. More > Graphic Abstract

    A Comparative Study of Different Drying Processes for a Deformable Saturated Porous Medium

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Study of Two Materials Combining a Standard Building Material with a PCM

    Marwa El Yassi1,2,*, Ikram El Abbassi1,2, Alexandre Pierre2, Yannick Melinge3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.5, pp. 1283-1290, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.023183

    Abstract Phase change materials (PCMs) have the ability to store thermal energy and make it available at a later stage to keep indoor temperature within a specific range and achieve better thermal comfort in buildings. This study focuses on the performances of materials obtained by combining a standard building material with a PCM. In particular, two different materials mixed with the same PCM are considered under the same climatic conditions. The related thermal behavior is assessed in the framework of numerical simulations conducted with ANSYS Fluent assuming parameters representative of a city located in Europe. The results show that the addition… More >

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