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  • Open Access


    Prediction Model of Drilling Costs for Ultra-Deep Wells Based on GA-BP Neural Network

    Wenhua Xu1,3, Yuming Zhu2, Yingrong Wei2, Ya Su2, Yan Xu1,3, Hui Ji1, Dehua Liu1,3,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.7, pp. 1701-1715, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.027703

    Abstract Drilling costs of ultra-deep well is the significant part of development investment, and accurate prediction of drilling costs plays an important role in reasonable budgeting and overall control of development cost. In order to improve the prediction accuracy of ultra-deep well drilling costs, the item and the dominant factors of drilling costs in Tarim oilfield are analyzed. Then, those factors of drilling costs are separated into categorical variables and numerous variables. Finally, a BP neural network model with drilling costs as the output is established, and hyper-parameters (initial weights and bias) of the BP neural network is optimized by genetic… More >

  • Open Access


    FSA-Net: A Cost-efficient Face Swapping Attention Network with Occlusion-Aware Normalization

    Zhipeng Bin1, Huihuang Zhao1,2,*, Xiaoman Liang1,2, Wenli Chen1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 971-983, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.037270

    Abstract The main challenges in face swapping are the preservation and adaptive superimposition of attributes of two images. In this study, the Face Swapping Attention Network (FSA-Net) is proposed to generate photorealistic face swapping. The existing face-swapping methods ignore the blending attributes or mismatch the facial keypoint (cheek, mouth, eye, nose, etc.), which causes artifacts and makes the generated face silhouette non-realistic. To address this problem, a novel reinforced multi-aware attention module, referred to as RMAA, is proposed for handling facial fusion and expression occlusion flaws. The framework includes two stages. In the first stage, a novel attribute encoder is proposed… More >

  • Open Access


    Modeling of Combined Economic and Emission Dispatch Using Improved Sand Cat Optimization Algorithm

    Fadwa Alrowais1, Jaber S. Alzahrani2, Radwa Marzouk1, Abdullah Mohamed3, Gouse Pasha Mohammed4,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 6145-6160, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038300

    Abstract Combined Economic and Emission Dispatch (CEED) task forms multi-objective optimization problems to be resolved to minimize emission and fuel costs. The disadvantage of the conventional method is its incapability to avoid falling in local optimal, particularly when handling nonlinear and complex systems. Metaheuristics have recently received considerable attention due to their enhanced capacity to prevent local optimal solutions in addressing all the optimization problems as a black box. Therefore, this paper focuses on the design of an improved sand cat optimization algorithm based CEED (ISCOA-CEED) technique. The ISCOA-CEED technique majorly concentrates on reducing fuel costs and the emission of generation… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Cost Minimization Using String Matching Algorithm in Geo-Distributed Data Centers

    Muhammad Imran Khan Khalil1, Syed Adeel Ali Shah1, Izaz Ahmad Khan2, Mohammad Hijji3, Muhammad Shiraz4, Qaisar Shaheen5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 6305-6322, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038163

    Abstract Data centers are being distributed worldwide by cloud service providers (CSPs) to save energy costs through efficient workload allocation strategies. Many CSPs are challenged by the significant rise in user demands due to their extensive energy consumption during workload processing. Numerous research studies have examined distinct operating cost mitigation techniques for geo-distributed data centers (DCs). However, operating cost savings during workload processing, which also considers string-matching techniques in geo-distributed DCs, remains unexplored. In this research, we propose a novel string matching-based geographical load balancing (SMGLB) technique to mitigate the operating cost of the geo-distributed DC. The primary goal of this… More >

  • Open Access



    Yu.E. Nikolaenkoa , D.V. Pekurb,*, V.Yu. Кravetsa, V.M. Sorokinb, D.V. Kozaka , R.S. Melnyka, L.V. Lipnitskyia, A.S. Solomakhaa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.18, No.1, pp. 1-13, 2022, DOI:10.5098/hmt.18.23

    Abstract This study compares thermal characteristics of two design versions of a new low-cost air-cooling system with a standard heat sink profile and built-in flat heat pipes of a simple design with a similar cooling system design without the heat pipes. The aim of the work is to determining the thermal characteristics and choosing the most effective option in a practical context. Using computer simulation in the Solidworks Flow Simulation standard software package allowed determining how the temperature of 8 transistors with a total power of 224 W was affected by changes in air velocity from 1 to 30 m/s, effective… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimal Management of Energy Storage Systems for Peak Shaving in a Smart Grid

    Firas M. Makahleh1, Ayman Amer2, Ahmad A. Manasrah1, Hani Attar2, Ahmed A. A. Solyman3, Mehrdad Ahmadi Kamarposhti4,*, Phatiphat Thounthong5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.2, pp. 3317-3337, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035690

    Abstract In this paper, the installation of energy storage systems (EES) and their role in grid peak load shaving in two echelons, their distribution and generation are investigated. First, the optimal placement and capacity of the energy storage is taken into consideration, then, the charge-discharge strategy for this equipment is determined. Here, Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) are used to calculate the minimum and maximum load in the network with the presence of energy storage systems. The energy storage systems were utilized in a distribution system with the aid of a peak load shaving approach. Ultimately, the battery… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of Quantum Cost for Low Energy Reversible Signed/Unsigned Multiplier Using Urdhva-Tiryakbhyam Sutra

    Marwa A. Elmenyawi1,2,*, Radwa M. Tawfeek1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1827-1844, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036474

    Abstract One of the elementary operations in computing systems is multiplication. Therefore, high-speed and low-power multipliers design is mandatory for efficient computing systems. In designing low-energy dissipation circuits, reversible logic is more efficient than irreversible logic circuits but at the cost of higher complexity. This paper introduces an efficient signed/unsigned 4 × 4 reversible Vedic multiplier with minimum quantum cost. The Vedic multiplier is considered fast as it generates all partial product and their sum in one step. This paper proposes two reversible Vedic multipliers with optimized quantum cost and garbage output. First, the unsigned Vedic multiplier is designed based on… More >

  • Open Access


    Designing Adaptive Multiple Dependent State Sampling Plan for Accelerated Life Tests

    Pramote Charongrattanasakul1, Wimonmas Bamrungsetthapong2,*, Poom Kumam3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1631-1651, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036179

    Abstract A novel adaptive multiple dependent state sampling plan (AMDSSP) was designed to inspect products from a continuous manufacturing process under the accelerated life test (ALT) using both double sampling plan (DSP) and multiple dependent state sampling plan (MDSSP) concepts. Under accelerated conditions, the lifetime of a product follows the Weibull distribution with a known shape parameter, while the scale parameter can be determined using the acceleration factor (AF). The Arrhenius model is used to estimate AF when the damaging process is temperature-sensitive. An economic design of the proposed sampling plan was also considered for the ALT. A genetic algorithm with… More >

  • Open Access


    Efficient-Cost Task Offloading Scheme in Fog-Internet of Vehicle Networks

    Alla Abbas Khadir1, Seyed Amin Hosseini Seno1,2,*, Baydaa Fadhil Dhahir2,3, Rahmat Budiarto4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 2223-2234, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.032316

    Abstract Fog computing became a traditional OffLad Destination (OLD) to compute the offloaded tasks of the Internet of Vehicles (IoV). Nevertheless, the limited computing resources of the fog node leads to re-offload these tasks to the neighboring fog nodes or the cloud. Thus, the IoV will incur additional offloading costs. In this paper, we propose a new offloading scheme by utilizing RoadSide Parked Vehicles (RSPV) as an alternative OLD for IoV. The idle computing resources of the RSPVs can compute large tasks with low offloading costs compared with fog nodes and the cloud. Finally, a performance evaluation of the proposed scheme… More >

  • Open Access


    Memory-Type Control Charts Through the Lens of Cost Parameters

    Sakthiseswari Ganasan1, You Huay Woon2,*, Zainol Mustafa1, Dadasaheb G. Godase3

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.032062

    Abstract A memory-type control chart utilizes previous information for chart construction. An example of a memory-type chart is an exponentially-weighted moving average (EWMA) control chart. The EWMA control chart is well-known and widely employed by practitioners for monitoring small and moderate process mean shifts. Meanwhile, the EWMA median chart is robust against outliers. In light of this, the economic model of the EWMA and EWMA median control charts are commonly considered. This study aims to investigate the effect of cost parameters on the out-of-control average run length in implementing EWMA and EWMA median control charts. The economic model was used to… More >

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