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  • Open Access


    Effects of Plant Extracts and Beauveria bassiana on the Activity of Defense-Related Enzymes in Solanum lycopersicum L. during Interaction with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici

    José Adrian Perez-Robles, Carlos Alberto Lecona-Guzmán*, Víctor Manuel Ruíz-Valdiviezo, Joaquín Adolfo Montes-Molina*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.9, pp. 2503-2518, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.029784

    Abstract The objective to this work was to evaluate the enzymatic activity in the culture of Solanum lycopersicum L. infected with Fusarium oxysporum after the combined application of Beauveria bassiana and plant extracts. Solanum lycopersicum plantlets were transplanted 15 days after the emergency. Five days after transplanting, Beauveria bassiana spores were applied at a concentration of 1 × 107 spores mL−1 onto soil (along with A. indica (N) and P. auritum (H) leaf extracts) where S. lycopersicum plants were planted. Eight days after transplanting, spores of F. oxysporum strain were applied at a concentration of 1 × 106 spores mL−1 to… More >

  • Open Access


    Enforcing a Source-end Cooperative Multilevel Defense Mechanism to Counter Flooding Attack

    Saraswathi Shunmuganathan*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 67-79, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.023858

    Abstract The exponential advancement in telecommunication embeds the Internet in every aspect of communication. Interconnections of networks all over the world impose monumental risks on the Internet. A Flooding Attack (FA) is one of the major intimidating risks on the Internet where legitimate users are prevented from accessing network services. Irrespective of the protective measures incorporated in the communication infrastructure, FA still persists due to the lack of global cooperation. Most of the existing mitigation is set up either at the traffic starting point or at the traffic ending point. Providing mitigation at one or the other end may not be… More >

  • Open Access


    Application of ferrous sulfate alleviates negative impact of cadmium in rice (Oryza sativa L.)


    BIOCELL, Vol.45, No.6, pp. 1631-1649, 2021, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.014934

    Abstract Soil contamination with toxic heavy metals [such as cadmium (Cd)] is becoming a serious global problem due to rapid development of social economy. Iron (Fe), being an important element, has been found effective in enhancing plant tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. The present study investigated the extent to which different levels of Ferrous sulphate (FeSO4) modulated the Cd tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.), when maintained in artificially Cd spiked regimes. A pot experiment was conducted under controlled conditions for 146 days, by using natural soil, mixed with different levels of CdCl2 [0 (no Cd), 0.5 and 1 mg/kg]… More >

  • Open Access


    Changes in Phyto-Chemical Status upon Viral Infections in Plant: A Critical Review

    Tehmina Bahar1,*, Adeeba Mahboob Qureshi1, Fasiha Qurashi1,2, Muniba Abid1, Misbah Batool Zahra1, Muhammad Saleem Haider1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.90, No.1, pp. 75-86, 2021, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010597

    Abstract Most damaging plant diseases have been caused by viruses in the entire world. In tropical and subtropical areas, the damage caused by plant virus leads to great economic and agricultural losses. Single stranded DNA viruses (geminiviruses) are the most perilous pathogens which are responsible for major diseases in agronomic and horticultural crops. Significantly begomoviruses and mastreviruses are the biggest genus of plant infecting viruses, transmitted though Bemisia tabaci and members of Cicadellidae respectively. Plants possesses some naturally existing chemicals term as phyto-chemicals which perform important functions in the plant. Some antioxidant enzymes are used by plants for self-defense upon foreign… More >

  • Open Access


    Thyme oil and thymol abrogate doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity and cardiotoxicity in Wistar rats via repression of oxidative stress and enhancement of antioxidant defense mechanisms

    Osama M. AHMED1,*, Sanaa R. GALALY2, Mai RASLAN3, Mennah-Allah M. A. MOSTAFA1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.44, No.1, pp. 41-53, 2020, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2020.08157

    Abstract This study aimed to assess the preventive effects of thyme oil and thymol on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced renotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and oxidative stress in Wistar rats. Thyme oil was subjected to GC-MS analysis, which indicated that thymol was the major constituent representing 33.896%. Rats intraperitoneally injected with DOX at a dose of 2 mg/kg b.w./one per week for 7 weeks were co-treated with thyme oil and its major constituent, thymol, at doses 250 and 100 mg/kg b.w./every other day, respectively, by oral gavage for the same period. Thyme oil and thymol markedly ameliorated the raised levels of serum urea, uric acid, and… More >

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