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  • Open Access


    Correction: Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis Using Interval Neutrosophic Segmentation with Deep Learning Model

    V. Thanikachalam1,*, M. G. Kavitha2, V. Sivamurugan1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.3, pp. 857-858, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2024.052484

    Abstract This article has no abstract. More >

  • Open Access


    Scheme Based on Multi-Level Patch Attention and Lesion Localization for Diabetic Retinopathy Grading

    Zhuoqun Xia1, Hangyu Hu1, Wenjing Li2,3, Qisheng Jiang1, Lan Pu1, Yicong Shu1, Arun Kumar Sangaiah4,5,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 409-430, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.030052

    Abstract Early screening of diabetes retinopathy (DR) plays an important role in preventing irreversible blindness. Existing research has failed to fully explore effective DR lesion information in fundus maps. Besides, traditional attention schemes have not considered the impact of lesion type differences on grading, resulting in unreasonable extraction of important lesion features. Therefore, this paper proposes a DR diagnosis scheme that integrates a multi-level patch attention generator (MPAG) and a lesion localization module (LLM). Firstly, MPAG is used to predict patches of different sizes and generate a weighted attention map based on the prediction score and… More >

  • Open Access


    DeepSVDNet: A Deep Learning-Based Approach for Detecting and Classifying Vision-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy in Retinal Fundus Images

    Anas Bilal1, Azhar Imran2, Talha Imtiaz Baig3,4, Xiaowen Liu1,*, Haixia Long1, Abdulkareem Alzahrani5, Muhammad Shafiq6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.2, pp. 511-528, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039672

    Abstract Artificial Intelligence (AI) is being increasingly used for diagnosing Vision-Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy (VTDR), which is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. However, previous automated VTDR detection methods have mainly relied on manual feature extraction and classification, leading to errors. This paper proposes a novel VTDR detection and classification model that combines different models through majority voting. Our proposed methodology involves preprocessing, data augmentation, feature extraction, and classification stages. We use a hybrid convolutional neural network-singular value decomposition (CNN-SVD) model for feature extraction and selection and an improved SVM-RBF with a Decision Tree More >

  • Open Access


    Optimized Deep Learning Approach for Efficient Diabetic Retinopathy Classification Combining VGG16-CNN

    Heba M. El-Hoseny1,*, Heba F. Elsepae2, Wael A. Mohamed2, Ayman S. Selmy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1855-1872, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042107

    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy is a critical eye condition that, if not treated, can lead to vision loss. Traditional methods of diagnosing and treating the disease are time-consuming and expensive. However, machine learning and deep transfer learning (DTL) techniques have shown promise in medical applications, including detecting, classifying, and segmenting diabetic retinopathy. These advanced techniques offer higher accuracy and performance. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) is crucial in speeding up classification and providing accurate disease diagnoses. Overall, these technological advancements hold great potential for improving the management of diabetic retinopathy. The study’s objective was to differentiate between different classes… More >

  • Open Access


    PLDMLT: Multi-Task Learning of Diabetic Retinopathy Using the Pixel-Level Labeled Fundus Images

    Hengyang Liu, Chuncheng Huang*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1745-1761, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040710

    Abstract In the field of medical images, pixel-level labels are time-consuming and expensive to acquire, while image-level labels are relatively easier to obtain. Therefore, it makes sense to learn more information (knowledge) from a small number of hard-to-get pixel-level annotated images to apply to different tasks to maximize their usefulness and save time and training costs. In this paper, using Pixel-Level Labeled Images for Multi-Task Learning (PLDMLT), we focus on grading the severity of fundus images for Diabetic Retinopathy (DR). This is because, for the segmentation task, there is a finely labeled mask, while the severity… More >

  • Open Access


    Zinc alpha 2 glycoprotein (ZAG): A potential novel pharmacological target in diabetic retinopathy


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.7, pp. 1473-1482, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027804

    Abstract Zinc alpha 2 glycoprotein (ZAG) is a 41 KDa secretory soluble glycoprotein found in different body fluids like the serum, saliva, sweat, breast milk, and urine. It is also found in tissues like the testis, epididymis, kidney, spleen, liver, lungs, heart, and brain. ZAG is an adipokine with multiple roles, including lipid mobilization, modulating glucose metabolisms, improving insulin sensitivity, inhibiting tumor proliferation through RNAse activity, and suppressing inflammation. Low levels of zinc and ZAG are linked to metabolic syndrome and are also reported as potential biomarkers for diabetic nephropathy. Interestingly zinc has been found to More >

  • Open Access


    HIUNET: A Hybrid Inception U-Net for Diagnosis of Diabetic Retinopathy

    S. Deva Kumar, S. Venkatramaphanikumar*, K. Venkata Krishna Kishore

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1013-1032, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038165

    Abstract Type 2 diabetes patients often suffer from microvascular complications of diabetes. These complications, in turn, often lead to vision impairment. Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) detection in its early stage can rescue people from long-term complications that could lead to permanent blindness. In this study, we propose a complex deep convolutional neural network architecture with an inception module for automated diagnosis of DR. The proposed novel Hybrid Inception U-Net (HIUNET) comprises various inception modules connected in the U-Net fashion using activation maximization and filter map to produce the image mask. First, inception blocks were used to enlarge… More >

  • Open Access


    Strategy for Rapid Diabetic Retinopathy Exposure Based on Enhanced Feature Extraction Processing

    V. Banupriya1,*, S. Anusuya2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 5597-5613, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.038696

    Abstract In the modern world, one of the most severe eye infections brought on by diabetes is known as diabetic retinopathy (DR), which will result in retinal damage, and, thus, lead to blindness. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) can be well treated with early diagnosis. Retinal fundus images of humans are used to screen for lesions in the retina. However, detecting DR in the early stages is challenging due to the minimal symptoms. Furthermore, the occurrence of diseases linked to vascular anomalies brought on by DR aids in diagnosing the condition. Nevertheless, the resources required for manually identifying… More >

  • Open Access


    Leveraging Retinal Fundus Images with Deep Learning for Diabetic Retinopathy Grading and Classification

    Mohammad Yamin1,*, Sarah Basahel1, Saleh Bajaba2, Mona Abusurrah3, E. Laxmi Lydia4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.2, pp. 1901-1916, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.036455

    Abstract Recently, there has been a considerable rise in the number of diabetic patients suffering from diabetic retinopathy (DR). DR is one of the most chronic diseases and makes the key cause of vision loss in middle-aged people in the developed world. Initial detection of DR becomes necessary for decreasing the disease severity by making use of retinal fundus images. This article introduces a Deep Learning Enabled Large Scale Healthcare Decision Making for Diabetic Retinopathy (DLLSHDM-DR) on Retinal Fundus Images. The proposed DLLSHDM-DR technique intends to assist physicians with the DR decision-making method. In the DLLSHDM-DR… More >

  • Open Access


    Gaussian Blur Masked ResNet2.0 Architecture for Diabetic Retinopathy Detection

    Swagata Boruah1, Archit Dehloo1, Prajul Gupta2, Manas Ranjan Prusty3,*, A. Balasundaram3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 927-942, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035143

    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a serious hazard that can result in irreversible blindness if not addressed in a timely manner. Hence, numerous techniques have been proposed for the accurate and timely detection of this disease. Out of these, Deep Learning (DL) and Computer Vision (CV) methods for multiclass categorization of color fundus images diagnosed with Diabetic Retinopathy have sparked considerable attention. In this paper, we attempt to develop an extended ResNet152V2 architecture-based Deep Learning model, named ResNet2.0 to aid the timely detection of DR. The APTOS-2019 dataset was used to train the model. This consists… More >

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