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  • Open Access


    Transfer Learning for Chest X-rays Diagnosis Using Dipper Throated Algorithm

    Hussah Nasser AlEisa1, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy2,3, Amel Ali Alhussan1,*, Mohamed Saber4, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid5,6, Doaa Sami Khafaga1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2371-2387, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030447

    Abstract Most children and elderly people worldwide die from pneumonia, which is a contagious illness that causes lung ulcers. For diagnosing pneumonia from chest X-ray images, many deep learning models have been put forth. The goal of this research is to develop an effective and strong approach for detecting and categorizing pneumonia cases. By varying the deep learning approach, three pre-trained models, GoogLeNet, ResNet18, and DenseNet121, are employed in this research to extract the main features of pneumonia and normal cases. In addition, the binary dipper throated optimization (DTO) algorithm is utilized to select the most significant features, which are then… More >

  • Open Access


    Meta-heuristics for Feature Selection and Classification in Diagnostic Breast Cancer

    Doaa Sami Khafaga1, Amel Ali Alhussan1,*, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy2,3, Ali E. Takieldeen3, Tarek M. Hassan4, Ehab A. Hegazy5, Elsayed Abdel Fattah Eid6, Abdelhameed Ibrahim7, Abdelaziz A. Abdelhamid8,9

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 749-765, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.029605

    Abstract One of the most common kinds of cancer is breast cancer. The early detection of it may help lower its overall rates of mortality. In this paper, we robustly propose a novel approach for detecting and classifying breast cancer regions in thermal images. The proposed approach starts with data preprocessing the input images and segmenting the significant regions of interest. In addition, to properly train the machine learning models, data augmentation is applied to increase the number of segmented regions using various scaling ratios. On the other hand, to extract the relevant features from the breast cancer cases, a set… More >

  • Open Access


    Dipper Throated Optimization Algorithm for Unconstrained Function and Feature Selection

    Ali E. Takieldeen1, El-Sayed M. El-kenawy1,2, Mohammed Hadwan3,4,5,*, Rokaia M. Zaki6,7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.1, pp. 1465-1481, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.026026

    Abstract Dipper throated optimization (DTO) algorithm is a novel with a very efficient metaheuristic inspired by the dipper throated bird. DTO has its unique hunting technique by performing rapid bowing movements. To show the efficiency of the proposed algorithm, DTO is tested and compared to the algorithms of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA), Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), and Genetic Algorithm (GA) based on the seven unimodal benchmark functions. Then, ANOVA and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests are performed to confirm the effectiveness of the DTO compared to other optimization techniques. Additionally, to demonstrate the proposed algorithm's suitability for solving complex… More >

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