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  • Open Access


    Large-Scale Multi-Objective Optimization Algorithm Based on Weighted Overlapping Grouping of Decision Variables

    Liang Chen1, Jingbo Zhang1, Linjie Wu1, Xingjuan Cai1,2,*, Yubin Xu1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.1, pp. 363-383, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.049044

    Abstract The large-scale multi-objective optimization algorithm (LSMOA), based on the grouping of decision variables, is an advanced method for handling high-dimensional decision variables. However, in practical problems, the interaction among decision variables is intricate, leading to large group sizes and suboptimal optimization effects; hence a large-scale multi-objective optimization algorithm based on weighted overlapping grouping of decision variables (MOEAWOD) is proposed in this paper. Initially, the decision variables are perturbed and categorized into convergence and diversity variables; subsequently, the convergence variables are subdivided into groups based on the interactions among different decision variables. If the size of a group surpasses the set… More >

  • Open Access


    Mathematical Modelling and Simulations of Active Direct Methanol Fuel Cell


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 125-139, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.1

    Abstract A one dimensional isothermal model is proposed by modelling the kinetics of methanol transport at anode flow channel (AFC), membrane and cathode catalyst layer of direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Analytical model is proposed to predict methanol cross-over rate through the electrolyte membrane and cell performance. The model presented in this paper considered methanol diffusion and electrochemical oxidation at the anode and cathode channels. The analytical solution of the proposed model was simulated in a MATLAB environment to obtain the polarization curve and leakage current. The effect of methanol concentration on cell voltage and leakage current is studied. The methanol… More >

  • Open Access


    Phenolic Profile and Volatiles of in vitro Propagated Lavandula angustifolia Mill. Seedlings

    Mir Abdullatif Yahya1, Fatma Tunali1, Dilek Killi2,*, Atalay Sökmen2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 427-444, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046271

    Abstract An effective in vitro propagation protocol was designed for Lavandula angustifolia Miller, a medicinal aromatic plant that is a prominent source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Murashige and Skoog media were supplemented with various concentrations of Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs), and the growth parameters of the nodal segments were examined. Nodal explants formed callus when they were supplemented with 2 mg/L of 6-Benzylaminopurine (BAP). The superior hormonal concentration of Murashige and Skoog (MS) media for the proliferation of shoots from callus cultures (39.33%) was 5 mg/L of 2-Isopentenyl adenine (2iP), and the favorable media for the growth of L. angustifoliaMore >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Sulfuric Acid on the Physiochemical Properties of Chitosan-PVA Blend for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell


    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.39, No.1-2, pp. 89-109, 2022, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2022.39.1-2.6

    Abstract In this work, we have successfully cross-linked the different weight ratio of Chitosan-PVA blend with sulfuric acid. The effect of cross-linker on the properties of blends are studied by using different experimental technique. The cross-linked membrane provides higher ion exchange capacity due to the procurement of extra ionic hooping sites in the membrane. The compatibility of the blends are confirmed from the FTIR and DSC analysis. The crosslinking reaction fastening the phase transition behavior of the blends which reduces the glass transition temperature. The highly compatiblized cross-linked blend provides higher tensile strength and lower modulus at moderate temperature. The significant… More >

  • Open Access


    BSTFNet: An Encrypted Malicious Traffic Classification Method Integrating Global Semantic and Spatiotemporal Features

    Hong Huang1, Xingxing Zhang1,*, Ye Lu1, Ze Li1, Shaohua Zhou2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3929-3951, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047918

    Abstract While encryption technology safeguards the security of network communications, malicious traffic also uses encryption protocols to obscure its malicious behavior. To address the issues of traditional machine learning methods relying on expert experience and the insufficient representation capabilities of existing deep learning methods for encrypted malicious traffic, we propose an encrypted malicious traffic classification method that integrates global semantic features with local spatiotemporal features, called BERT-based Spatio-Temporal Features Network (BSTFNet). At the packet-level granularity, the model captures the global semantic features of packets through the attention mechanism of the Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers (BERT) model. At the byte-level granularity,… More >

  • Open Access


    Improving Thyroid Disorder Diagnosis via Ensemble Stacking and Bidirectional Feature Selection

    Muhammad Armghan Latif1, Zohaib Mushtaq2, Saad Arif3, Sara Rehman4, Muhammad Farrukh Qureshi5, Nagwan Abdel Samee6, Maali Alabdulhafith6,*, Yeong Hyeon Gu7, Mohammed A. Al-masni7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 4225-4241, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047621

    Abstract Thyroid disorders represent a significant global health challenge with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism as two common conditions arising from dysfunction in the thyroid gland. Accurate and timely diagnosis of these disorders is crucial for effective treatment and patient care. This research introduces a comprehensive approach to improve the accuracy of thyroid disorder diagnosis through the integration of ensemble stacking and advanced feature selection techniques. Sequential forward feature selection, sequential backward feature elimination, and bidirectional feature elimination are investigated in this study. In ensemble learning, random forest, adaptive boosting, and bagging classifiers are employed. The effectiveness of these techniques is evaluated using… More >

  • Open Access



    Q.X. Wua, Y.L. Heb, T.S. Zhaoa,b,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 1-14, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.3.2001

    Abstract Running direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC) with concentrated fuel is desirable to maximize the specific energy of the fuel cell system and to improve the performance by mitigating the water flooding problem associated with diluted methanol operation. This article provides a comprehensive review of recent advances in understanding mass transport phenomena in DMFCs operating with concentrated fuel. The review starts with elaborating the key issues of mass transport of reactants and products associated with highly-concentrated methanol operation, followed by summarizing and discussing past experimental and numerical investigations into the effects of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) design, flow field structure… More >

  • Open Access



    Zheng Miaoa, Ya-Ling Hea,*, Tian-Shou Zhaob, Wen-Quan Taoa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.1.3001

    Abstract A non-isothermal two-phase mass transport model is developed in this paper to investigate the heat generation and transport phenomena in a direct methanol fuel cell with anisotropic gas diffusion layers (GDLs). Thermal contact resistances at the GDL/CL (catalyst layer) and GDL/Rib interfaces, and the deformation of GDLs are considered together with the inherent anisotropy of the GDL. Latent heat effects due to condensation/evaporation of water and methanol between liquid and gas phases are also taken into account. Formulation of the two-phase mass transport across the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) is mainly based on the classical multiphase flow theory in the… More >

  • Open Access


    Blockchain-Based Certificateless Bidirectional Authenticated Searchable Encryption Scheme in Cloud Email System

    Yanzhong Sun1, Xiaoni Du1,*, Shufen Niu2, Xiaodong Yang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3287-3310, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.043589

    Abstract Traditional email systems can only achieve one-way communication, which means only the receiver is allowed to search for emails on the email server. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based certificateless bidirectional authenticated searchable encryption model for a cloud email system named certificateless authenticated bidirectional searchable encryption (CL-BSE) by combining the storage function of cloud server with the communication function of email server. In the new model, not only can the data receiver search for the relevant content by generating its own trapdoor, but the data owner also can retrieve the content in the same way. Meanwhile, there are dual… More >

  • Open Access


    A Comprehensive Survey for Privacy-Preserving Biometrics: Recent Approaches, Challenges, and Future Directions

    Shahriar Md Arman1, Tao Yang1,*, Shahadat Shahed2, Alanoud Al Mazroa3, Afraa Attiah4, Linda Mohaisen4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2087-2110, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047870

    Abstract The rapid growth of smart technologies and services has intensified the challenges surrounding identity authentication techniques. Biometric credentials are increasingly being used for verification due to their advantages over traditional methods, making it crucial to safeguard the privacy of people’s biometric data in various scenarios. This paper offers an in-depth exploration for privacy-preserving techniques and potential threats to biometric systems. It proposes a noble and thorough taxonomy survey for privacy-preserving techniques, as well as a systematic framework for categorizing the field’s existing literature. We review the state-of-the-art methods and address their advantages and limitations in the context of various biometric… More >

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